Skip to main content

Full text of "A Manual of Colloquial Hindustani and Bengali in the Roman Character"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 











Superintendent, Board of Examiners, Calcutta \ Member 

of the Sdhitya Sahha, Calcutta ; Translator of 

the Bahu, a Bengali Comedy, 




All rights reserved. Priee Bs. 3^0. 

Printed by K. C. Chakravartty, 

GiRisH Printing Works, 

52, SuKEA Strbbt, Calcutta. 




MAJOR C. L. PEART, i. a., 

Secretary and Member, Board of Examiners, 




As a token of the Author's Gratitude and esteem* 


The object of this little volume is to help Europeans^ 
•or any foreigner with a fair knowledge of English, to^ 
riearn to talk and understand colloquial Hindustani or 
Bengali, as spoken in ordinary daily life. An attempt 
to first learn the alphabet of a foreign language is a mis- 
take and waste of time. The Hindustani and Bengali 
portions of this book are therefore printed in Roman 
characters. The manual further aims at teaching these 
languages in complete short sentences and not by 
detached words. Systematic study should follow and be 
hvLilt up on oral lessons. A beginner is advised to 
practise with the tongue and the ear, the sound of every 
word of the language he wishes to learn. He should 
also bear in mind that translating does not mean 
putting one word for another, but it is expressing the 
thought and idiom of one language in the thought 
.andJdiom of another. 

The sentences given in this book are selected from 
those in everyday use in the various departments of 
life. Special care has been taken to give the phonetic 
as well as the correct transliteration of every Hindus- 
tani and Bengali word. The manual is thus expected to 
be useful not only to those who want simply to acquire 
a practical colloquial knowledge, but also to civil and 

( vi ) 


military oificers, as well as to those European assistants 
in mercantile firms, etc., etc., who may have to come up> 
for examination in either oi the languages treated of. 

The notes on Pronunciation, given at the beginning 
of the book, should be studied before the reader takes 

up the lessohs. Correct pronunciation, however, can- 

.1 :\ \' ■ '.^•\ • ■ 

not be leacnt .Without a close and constant observationx 

of the way m which Indians talk. 

My best thanks are due to the Secretary and Member 
of the Board of Examiners, Major C. L. Peart, who has 
very kindly revised the English and Hindustani portions 
of this manual. 

For their kind help in the preparation of this book, I 
am also grateful to Shamsul Ulama Mawlavi Muhammad 
Yusuf Jafari, Khan Bahadur, Head Marwlavi, Board of. 
Examiners; Maw4avi Abdul Qadim Jafari, Urdu Assist- 
ant, Board of Examiners; and the two p9issed teachers 
of Hindustani, Mawlavi Raza AH Wahshat, M.R.A.S., 
and Munshi Abdul Karim Nashtar, both of whom have 
Long experience aind a well-deserved rieputation in 
coaching candidates for examination in the language. 

1 cannot conclude without gratefully acknowledging 
the assistance I have derived from that most useful book, 
^the ^'Hindustani Manual" by ColonelD. C. Phillott,. 
Ph. D., Hindustani Lecturer, Cambridge. 

( ^ 

Calcutta * > N. C. ej4ATTERjEE, 

February, 1914. j Supdt,, Board of Examiners. 



(a) The vowels are to be pronounced as follows :— 

a, short, like « in ^German.' 

a, long, ,y a m Hdr/ 

ey always long, ,, ^ in 'th^y.' 

i, short, „ I in 't/n.' 

/, long, . ,, i in 'machine.* 

Of always long, ,, <? in *g<?/ 

«, €hort, ,, urn ^put.' 

il, long, „ u in 'r«le.' 

(6) The pronunciation of the two diphthongs, ai and a?/, 
should be learnt by the ear. 

(r) The consonants, with a few exceptions, are to Ije pro- 
nounced as in English or v6ry hearty so. The pronunciation 
of the following should be observed :— ' ' - 

ch, like ch in 'churr^.*' 

d. „ ih in 'Mat." 

gh. is gutteral— has a grating sound as in gargling. 
kh is^utteral, something like ch in the Scotch 

: word ^XochJ 

«, like n in the French word *bo«.' 

( viii ) 
ph. like /A in *di/^thong." 


q, is a stroQgly articulated gutteral k, 

r and rh^ pronounced with the point of the tongue 

well turned back to the roof of the mouth. 
/, like / in 7o/ 
/ and /, like / in the French word 7u.' 

M, like th in 'Min/ 


{(i) The pronunciation of the following aspirated letters 
must be learnt by the ear : — 

bh, chh, dhy dh, gh, jh, kh, and th, 

(e) The inverted comma (*) preceding or following a vowel 
denotes the Arabic letter ain. It has been inserted, to show 
what the correct spelling would be in the Arabic character ; 
it may be ignored in the pronouncing of words in this Manual, 
as the letter preceding it or following it (/, t, a, or u, as the 
case may be) gives the pronunciation to be given to it. 

(/) The comma ( , ) between the two vowels denotes the 
Arabic letter hamza ; it is used to show that the two vowels 
are to be separately sounded. 


{a) The vowels are to be pronounced as follows :— 

a (Italic), like a in 'salt.' a (Roman), like o in 'p<?rt*' 
5, „ a in *far.* 

£ ^italic), „ e in 'thfy.' e (Roman), like a in 'that.' 
i, „ I in tin.. 

( ix ) 


like i in ^mach/ne.' 


„ in 'go,' 


„ u in *p«t.' 

«, „ u in 'r«le.' 

iV. ^. — In colloquial the letters a and e have two different 

(^) The pronunciation of the two diphthongs, ai and au, 
should be learnt by the ear.* 

{c) The consonants, with a few exceptions, are to be pro- 
nounced as in English or very nearly so. The pronunciation 
of the following should be observed : — 

chy like ch in VAurch.' 

d^ „ d in '</ay.' 

d, „ th in 7/^at.' 

^, „ ^ in '.^o.' 

h, ,, ^ in ^pooA !' 

«, „ n in the French word *bo«.' 

/^> », /^jin 'di/Athong.' 

r and f A, pronounced with the point of the tongue^ 
well turned back to the roof of the mouth. 

f, „ sh in *jAame.' 

U „ /inVo.' 

/ „ /in the French word 7uV 

th „ th in *Min.' 

(e/) The pronunciation of the following aspirated letters 
must be learnt by the ear : — 

bh.chh, dh, dh, gh^jh^ kh, and th. 

( X ) 

(e) For the convenience of beginners, where y has the 
sound of y, it has been represented by 'j' in Roman type. 

(/") The comma (,) between the two vowels has been 
inserted simply to show that they ar^ to be pronounced 


I . . • 

( xi ) 

lasib of Abbreviations. 


stands for 'Hindustani' 



„ ^Bengali' 



„ 'Hindi' 



„ 'honorific' 



„ 'vulgar' 

€. S. 


„ 'correct spelling' 



„ 'generally' 

Prop, or p. 


„ 'properly' 



„ 'future' ' 



„ 'feminine' 



„ 'singular' 



„ 'plural' 

N. S, — A round bracket ( ), with the word *or' at its beginning, 
implies the optional substitution of its contents for JIm' wrwA ^ttst preced- 
ing the bracket ; without the word 'iv' «t its beginning, implies the 
optional omission of its conieals. 






I. Can you* speak English ? 

H. Turn * angrezi bol-sakie ho [ h. dp..haifi] ? 

B. Tumi* ki Ingrijl b^Cl/e /xlr^ h. apm...p<ven\ \ 


In Hindustani, when addressing any man politely, or a superior or a 
respectable person of any position in life, the honorific term af>, 
"you," accusative 5^ /&<>, "you," and genetive ap kd, "your," are 
always used instead of turn, turn ko and ttimhard ; and the verb is 
also changed accordingly. 

Similarly, in Bengali, the honorific term dpni, p\. apnard, "you," 
accusative Spndke, pi. dpnadigake or Spnader, "you," and genetive 
apndr, p\. apnader, "your," are always used instead of turni, pi. 
tomra (vulgarly or affectionately tu,i, pi. tord), tomdkey pi. totnddigakr 
or fomdder (v. and affec. toke, pi. toder)^ and tomdr, pi. tomdder (v. 
and affec. tor, pi. ioder) ; and the verb is also changed accordingly. 


2. No, sir : I can talk Hindustani. 

H. Nahih hizur or yi nahih : main Hindustani hoUsaktd 


ft _ 

B. Nd m^d,i or Ag-ge/i* nd : ami I/indusfdni ksi'i/e 


3. If you know Hindi well, then speak in Hindi. 

H. Agar turn [h. a/)] Hindi ache hhl j ante ho [h. haih to 
Hindi hi bo to [h. boteh or botiye . 

B. Jar// tumi [h. dpni\ v. tuj] Hindi bhdiTi jdtvx h. 
jdnen] w Jdnis \ tdhTile Hindite.i kathd ka,n " h. 
^•a'// ; V. Xv7 ;. 

4. Do you understan I ? 
H. Turn samajhte ho} • 

B. Bujhle [ h. bujhten ; v. bujhti ] "i 

5. Have you understood ? 

H. Turn samjhe ? or Kyd dp samjhe ? 
B. Bujhech2i\ [h. bujhechen\ v. bujhechis ^ ? 

6. Can you read and write t ? 
H. Tw;// //^^ parh-saJite ho ? 
B. Tww/ X'f titihte p2irte jdn?i ? 

* C. S., ajiie. This word is also used in ironical sentences and in 
merry jests amongst friends, without any definite meaning. 

t Prop, bujhechha, bujhechken, etc. In conversation the final c/ik is 
generally pronounced as ch. 

X Note the order here. Indians generally say ' write and read '.■ 


7. How old * are you ? 
H. Turn hart 'umr kya hai ? 
B. To mar hayes kat2i ? 

8. I am twenty eight. 

H. {Meri *umr) atthd,is bar as {ki hai), 
B. {Ami) aids hachh^^rer. 

9. Is this your child ? 

H. Yih hachcha tumhard hai ? 

B. Eti ( or /// ) ki tomdr chhele ( also meye ) ? 

10. Make some tea. 
H. Chd{y) bandyO. 

B. Ektu chd (/oyer) Xv/za. 

11. He is calling me. 

H. Wuh mujhe buldtd hai [h. wuh,,.buldie haih \. 
B. Se dmdke ddkche [h. //;// dmdke ddkchen\ 

12. Where have vou come from ? 

H. Turn kahdh se dye or Turn kahdh se dte ho ? 

B. Tumi kottheke eyech^x. (or esech2i) ^h. eyechen or 
esechen ; v. eyichis or esichis ] .? 

13. I have come from Chittagong. 
H. {Main) Chdtgdm se (dyd huh). 

B. (Ami) Chdtgdh theke (eyichi or esichi). 

* Gen. H. burha, also pnrana ; B. buro, also ptirona.. 


14. Where have you been so long * ? 

l{. Turn lint der kahah the ? 

15. Tumi ^tiikkh^n f kothdy chhek % \\. chhelen %\ \\ 
chhiU ] ? 

15. Don't make so much noise. 

H. Ii7ia shor na machd,o or Itnd ^ul mat karo [ h. kljive ]. 
13. Atz. got ^aVa nd [h. k2irben nd\ v. kTnis ///], 

16. Don't talk so loud. 

H. [tne zor se na bo to [ h. hotiye ]. 

B. VJ^ jore kathd k^'o nd [h. kalten nd \ v. y^a'.v ne^ or ^/a 
chehchi,o nd [h. ch^hchdhen nd\ v. ch^hchds ni\ 

17. Throw this away. 

H. he phehk'do [h. dtjiYe\ 

B. .^/rt (also i*//^ iti^ {chhure) phete dd,o ' h. din : v. </^l. 

1 8. Take these things away. 


H. fn chtzoh ko {yahdh se) te-jd,o [h. /e-jdjj'e^. 

1^. E jinis guto ekhdn theke (s^nye ) ntye id,o Th. ]dn : 
V. ja]. 

19. Give him his pay. 
H. i/se us ki talah de-do, 

B. Or rndyine {id) oke ( diye ) dd,o. 

* When length of time is meant, "so long" will be in H. ifne ffitt, and 

in B. eta din. 
i* C. S., etakaan. 
X Prop., chhile, chhilen. 


• • 

20. Carry these boxes upstairs. 

H, fn baksoh ko it par uthd{-kar) le-Ja,d. 
B. J*J,i baks^ gulo niye ]d,o (of chalz), 

21. Do not throw stones. 

H. Patthar na phehko [ h. phehkiye\ 

B. Dhil chhur^i rid \ h. chhurben nd ; v. chhuris ne~\. 

2 2. Come to-morrow morning. 

H. Kalfajr and [h. djye], 
}^. Kdl sakdle es2i [h. dsben ; v. dsis\ 

23. 1 can walk up to Howrah. 

H. Main Habre tak chal-kar jd-sakid h Cm or .. Jak paid al 
jd-sak/d huh, 

B. Ami Hdbrd pz.r'yy'dintz. hdhtte pdri. 

2\. vShut the door. 

H. Darivdza band karo, 

B. Daryd (or kapdt) ddyO (or bapidh^ kafZ), 

25. The door is shut. 

H. Darwdza (or kewdr) band hai, 

B. Daryd de,oyd dchhe (or bandhdi dchhe). 


1 . Do you live here t 

H. Turn yahdh rahte ho ? 
B. 'Fumi ki ekhdne thdk2i [h. thdken ; v. /hdkis] ? 


2. Have patience. 

H. Sahr ( karo ) or Mai ghabrajO. 
B. Sthir ha,o [h. h?Cn ; v. ha"]. 

3. Keep quiet. 

H. Chup raho [h. rahiye\ 

B. Chup kar2i [h. k2irun : v. kar^ or C/zw/ ^aV^ MaX'a [h. 
thdkun ; v. ihdk']. 

4. Get out of the way. 

H. Raste se hato (or hat jd,o) or Rastd chhoro. 
B. Ptf/// chhdrdi. [h. chhdrun) v. chhdr^^ or Path fh eke 
sarsL nd. 

5. (a) Leave it alone. (<^) Leave me alone. 

H. (a) Rahne (or chhor) do. (b) Z>/^^ ;;/^/ ^a/'^. 
B. (a) Thdkge or thdkukge. (b) 7e^/a * ^aVa ;/<!. 

6. (a) Enough ! Go away, {h) Let it go. 
H. (a) Bas \ jd,o. (b) Jane do, 

B. (a) Bds (also «/- ;/a; ^^^a* h2Cyeche). ch^'le ]d,o, 
(b) J<?/^ dd,o. 

7. Pull the punkha forcibly. 
H. Pankhd zor se khlfuho. 

B. Pdkhdjore tdn2^ [h. tdnun ; v. /^;/]. 

* C. S., tyakta. 


8. What is your name ? 
H. Ttanhara nam kya hai ? 
B. Tomar nam ki ? 

9. What does he say ? 
H. Wuji kya kahta hai ? 

B. Se ki dale [ h. ///// ki halen ] ? 

10. What did he sav ? 

H. Us {\i. unhoh J 7ie kya kahd ? 
B. Se ki h2ille [ h. tini ki h2^ lien ] ? 

1 1 . When * will you come ? 

H. Turn kab * a^oge ? [h. dp kab tashrlf Id.enge ? ] 
B. Tumi kakhd.n * dsbe [ h. dsben ; v. dsbi^^ ? 

12. He is verv idle. 
H. Wuh bard siist hai, 

B. Se (or d) bhdrl kure. 

1 3. Which is your house } 

11. Tumhdrd makdn (or ghar) kaun-sd hai ? 
B. Tomdr bdrl knntd ? 

14. That house (yonder) is mine. 

}{, Wuh sdmne'7('dld makdn merd hai. 
B. A i dmdr bdrl dtkhd \dchche. 

* When a particular day is meant, in H. kis roz is used instead of hah^ 
and in B. kahe instead of kakhan. 


1 s. Have voii an unihrella ? 

H. Tumhare pas chhatri hai ? 

I^. Tomar ki chhata ( or chhdfi ) drhhe ? 

1 6. What is tliis called in Bengali ? 
H. li angle men ise kva kahte ha in ? 
B. Bang lav eke ki hale ? 

17. What is ihe Arabic name for this ? 
H. ' Arab! men is kd kvd nam hat} 

H. Kr (or ///;) Jirln nam ki ? 

i<S. Have you ever been lo Kngland ? 

H. Turn kabhi ivildyal ga,e ho ? 

B. lumi ki kakh\n'\ Bilel g^ch\ [ li. gee hen ; v. gee his"] ? 

\i). When will you be able to go ? 

H. Turn kah jd-sakoge \^\\. jd-sakehge^ ? 

B. fumi kakh?in ]e/e pdrbe [ li. fidrben : v. pdrbi'^ ? 

20. Are vou able lo do this ? 
H. Turn yih kar-sakte ho} 

W. Tumi ki etd k^'r/e pdr?i ? 

21. He is an able man. 

H. Wuh Id, it] r Hin. jogyd\ ddmi hai. 

V). Se ekj2Ln bes kdjer I ok. 

22. When will you come back ? 

H. Turn kab ivdpas d,oget or Tum kab lautoge ? 

W. 7 ///;/ / kakh^ n ph irbe [or ph irch^ ) [ h . ^^ irben , ph in hen ] ? 


23. ril come back this evening. 

H. Aj sham ko main 7(\ipas aMhgd or Aj sham ko 

B. Aj-i s^ndhyer samay phir/rd ( or phirchi ). 

24. Come to me when vou have leisure. 

If. Jab tumhehfursat (or chhiittl) ho, mere pas and, 
H. Tomdr yikh^fi aboisar (or abAkds) hahe dmdr kdihhe ^.va. 

25. Paddy is very dear in this country. 
H. Is mulk men dhdn bahut mahhgd hai. 

B. K dese dhdn hadd'X mdggi i or dkkdrd ). 


1. He is telling awful lies. 
H. Wuh bahui jhut boltd hai. 

•H. ^S'^' hhaydn^k mithye kathd kx'hhe [h. b'\khen\ 

2. Is your health good ^ 

H. Tumhdri sihhat ache h hi hai "i \W\x\, hanhdrd sjcdsfhya 
achchhd hai ? ] 

H. lomdr sdsth'd * ( also s'\nr 1 bhdl-^ /a } 

3. What have you come here for .? 

H. Turn kis wdstj (or liye) yahdh d,e ho} 

B. 7"umi ekhdne kij^.nye (or k^'r/e ) eyerh^ (or esechii ) ? 

* C. S., svasthya. 


4. You have no business to go there. 

H. Tumhare wahdh jane kd koj kdfti nahth. 

B. Tojndr sekhdne \dhdr kondi ( or k'uhhu ) darkdr ne, i. 

5. Can I come inside ? 

H. i\laih andar (or hhitar) d-saktd huh ? 

B. AjHi ki d he /are ]efe pari ? 

6. You are always welcoqie. 

H. Turn jab chdho [h. chdheh^ hhushi se d,o [h. d,eh^^, 

B. Tumi \akh2in-i dshe ami khusi hab^. 

7. Manv thanks.* 

H. Tasllm [ Hin. Ap ko a nek dhanydbdd,. 

B. Apndr anugr2ih2^. 

8. Don't mention it. 

H. Tasllm, kahne ki kuchh zururat nahth. [ Hin. Kahih, 
aisd nahih.\ 

B. O kathd ken^ ( or yle dd.o ) or O ki kalhd I 

9. Have you finished writing your letter } 

H. Turn khatt^ [Hin. chittht ; pair a ] likh-chuke } 

B. Tomdr chiti lekha ( /'/ ) ^aVa } 

* hi Bengali there is no suitable word or words to correspond with the 
English words " many thanks, " " thanks, " etc. Bengalis express 
their gratitude in speechless language of the face. The idea may 
sometimes be rendered by words fitting the context. 


10. Do these two words mean the same ? 

H. Kyd in donoh la/?>oh [ Hin. sabdoh ] ke ek-hi ma^ni 
[ Hin. arih ] haih ? 

B. ^ du'fo kathdr-i ki mane ek ? 

1 1 . Yes, there is no difference. 

H. ffdn, donoh men ko,i farq [Hin. hhed\ pher'\ nahih. 
B. Hah, {duyele) kichhu tafdt {ov pr2Lhhed) nej. 

12. Then thanks,* that will do for to-day. 
H. Achchhd dj itnd hahut (or has) hat. 

B. Achchhd tabe dj (or djker m2i/Q,n) e,t p3.riv^n/2L thdk, 

13. What o'clock is it ? 

H. Kyd bajd hai ? or Kitnd bajd hat t 
B. Katd bdjh ? 

14. It is about noon. 
H. Do fiahar hone a J. 

B. Pray (or dnddj ) dupur bdjh (or ^aVa, also ha be). 

15. It is half past eight. 
H. Sdrhe dth ba;e haih. 

B. Sdre dttd bejeche (or h2Cyeche). 

if>. Has the sun risen ? 

H. SftraJ nikld [ Hin. ugd ] hai ? 
B. Su]]i ki titheche ? 

♦ r V 

Vi(fe note on page 10. 


17. The moon has set. 
H . C Wid/id d lid-gay a . 

H. Chahd astz. (or duhe) g^che. 

1 8. There are six seasons in this country. 

11. Is tnulk men chha mausim [ Hin. rUu ] hote haih, 
\^. K dese r'ltu chha id. 

19. Summer and winter are the two main sea.sons. 

H. Gar ml aiir jdrd do as I (or khds) mausim ha in. [Hin, 
Grisma aur sisir ehi do mtikhya ritu haih.\ 

H. (rnsm<i sit e,i duitia pr2idhdn ritu. 

20. The rainy season is the worst of all. 

H. Barsd' [Hin. harkhd ] sab se bur a (or khardb) mausim hat. 
li. Barsd kdl ( fa ) sab cheye khdrdp. 

2 1 . What clay of the month is to-day ? 
H . Aj kaufi-si tdrikh hai ? 

H. AJ tdrikh kat2i or Aj kohu, i ? 

22. What dav of tlie week was vesterdav } 

^ mm 

H. Kal kaun-sd din thd ? 

B. Kdl ki bar gitche (or chhel^) ? 

2 1. Dav after to-morrow will be the fifth dav after the new 


H. Parson chdnd [ Hin. suklapakkha'^ ] ki pdhchivih hogi, 

H. P'd^rsu sukl2ip2ikkher^ p^irich^imi ( habe ). 

* C. S., kuklapaksa 


The crops are almost all cm in this momli of tlie 
H. Sal ke hi makine men nksw /<isl [Hin, iinaj^ *«//,■ 

B. JC.i mUse.i pray sab Sasyn katd hay. 

Was the harvest in Bengal good last year ? 
H. Par sal BangSk ki/asj [ Hin. kfuii] achckhl Ihi ? 
B. Gch-bachar (or sal') BaMgtay kt phas^l hhah hn'ye- 
rhhit^ ? 


At mill-day I'll have my dinner. 
H. Di pahar ko main khana kka.fihf;a \_ Hin 

hhojan karithga~\. 
B. Dupiirer szmay (ami) khdhd.. 

Yon cannoi go to-day, it may rarn all dai , 
H. Turn dj nahlh ja-sakte, skdyad din hliiir harish hua 

[Hin. barkha kogsX 
B. Tumi 6j \elt parbe lor parehzY na. saradiii ' 

bis/i habf. 

Four years ago my brother died. 
H. Char liaras hil.t nura bha,t mar-gaya. 
B. Char hachM- HtCI^ Smar bka.i {o\ bha.iti) tiidra 


4. The ice has all melted away. 

H. Barf sari ghul-ga^i ( or gal-gaj ). 
B. Bar^ph sab gz-le gache, 

5. Did you hear the thunder and see the lightning ? 

H. Turn ne garaj sunt aur bijlt ko dekhd ? 

B. ( Tumi hi ) hajrdghat sunechhile, iar) bidyut chamkdtt^ 
dekhechhile ? 

6. From what quarters does the wind blow ? 

H. Haiva kidhar [Hin. ^/jw] se chain hai} ot Kidhar 
ki haivd hat ? 

B. Kon dik fheke bd/ds b^'iche ? 

7. Will it be moonlight to-night ? 
H. Aj chdndni hogi ? 

B. Aj ki jochchhTifid * rat ? 

8. No. it will be dark. 

H. Nahlh, dj andherd hogd (or andheri rat hogi), 
B. Ndj dj andh^ikdr rdt (habe). 

9. It is light now, the sun is about to rise. 
H. Saf ho-ga^'d, suraj nikld chdhtd hai. 

B. Pharsd hz!yeche, sil]]i uthl^k boCle, 

10. What a fine day I 

H. Aj dsmdn kaisd sdf hai ! 
B. Aj ki p2iriskdr din ! 

* Prop., jyotsna. 


1 1 . What dreadful weather ! 

H. Kya kharah mausim hat ! [ Hin. Kaisd hhayanak din 
hai ! ] 

B. (Aj) ki bhaydm.k durdin * ! 

12. Females do all the household work. 
H. 'Aura fen ghar kd sab kdm karti hath. 

B. Strllokerd (also meyerd) ghars2ingsirer sab kdj kamm^ f 

13. Men do the agricultural work. 

H. Mard [ Hin. purus^ kheii kd kdm karie haih. 
B. Purus mdnuserd chds bds kare. 

14. The elder sister hit the younger. 

H. Bari hahan 1 or hahin ) ne chhoti ko mdrd. 
B. Bar^. bon chhoti, bonke mdlle. 

15. My mother tells her daughter-in-law % not to go. 

H. Merl mdh apnl bahU [Hin. pittohu'] ko Jane se mana'^ 
karti haih. 

B. (AmdrJ md tdhr bauke ]e/e mdnd (or bdr3,n) ka'chchen. 

* C. S., durddin. 

t Prop., karntma, 

X Son-in-law, H. damad, B, jama,i ] mother-in-law, H. sas, B. aasurl 
(C. S., ivaauri ). 


1 6. Both my. uncle * and aunt * were there. 

H. Mere chachd * aur chachi * dofwh wahah the. 
B. Amar khuro * khuri * dujdinea sekhane chhileu. 

17. !M} father's elder brother married Hari Babu's wife's 

sister, f 

H. Mere hap ke hare bhdj (or 3 fere hare chacha) ne Hart 
BdhU ki salt se shad? ki [ Hin. bjdh kiyd^,. 

B. A mar JQtd m^sdv fiari Bdhur sdltke hive (or he^ 

18. If you drink + so nuicli, you will get drunk. 

H. //;// shardh pi,oge AH or simply, Ttnd ptne se) matwdle 
ho-Jd,oge ( or Jiasha ho-jj,egd ). 

B. ^/a matf khele (or khd,o /a) mafdl //ajr p?Lrhe (or 

* Father's sister is called in B. pisi or pisi -ma, in H. phupp'i ; husband of 
ditto in B. pise or pise-mA8a,i, in H. phuppa : mother's sister in 
B. mast or masl-ma, in U. khala, in Hin. tnausl ; husband of ditto in 
B. nieso or meso-ma.ia,i\ in IT, khalii, in Hin. 7nausa ; mother's brother 
in B. m.amd or , in U. mamtih, in Hin. maina ; wife of 
ditto in B. mawj or mam^-ma, in LT. mamant, in Hin. mam'i ; father's 
elder brother in B.Jf^^ha or JQiha-maiaJ, in H. chacha ; wife of ditto 
\n h. jef ha, i or je^ha,i ma, in H. chachi; father's younger brother 
in B. khuro or — maia,!, kaka or — mi\.ia,i or — habu, in H. same as 
father's elder brother ; wife of ditto in B. khur'i, — ma, kakl or — ma^ 
in H. same as wife of father's elder brother. 

■{• Wife's brother = 5^ /a in H. and iala in B. This word is also used in 
an abusive or depreciative sense. 

% Note that the H. idiom is sharab ^m5, ^5«7 />m5, etc., but the B. 
colloquial is mad kha,oya, jal kha,oya, etc., though in elegant B. 
mdidya pan kara, etc., are used. 


19. Don't speak so fast, speak distinctly. 

H. Is qadar jald jald bat na karo, saf sfif holo. 
B. Atz. tdratarl b^!lz, na, spastdi kdJre baldi. 

20. Turn to the left and then to the right. 
H. Bd^ehjd'kar {or Ja ke) dahnejd^o, 

B. Bdh dike phire (or giye) ddn dike phirbe (or ]dbe), 

21. Never mind, I'll go on foot. 

H. Kuchh viuzdyiqa [Hin. parwd'l nahihy viaih paidal 

B. M2irukge (or id h?Lgge or far dr ki (habe) ), ami hehte.i 

22. Everybody knows it (fact). 

H. Vi/t har ko,i jdnid hai or Yih har km ko 7}ia^lu?fi 

B. E (kathoi) sakz.le^i jdne. 

23. His collar bone is broken. 

H. Us kl hahsll ki haddi tut-ga^i hai. 
B. Tdr kanthdr har bhenge gQchhe. 

24. Are your parents still alive ? 

H. 2'umhdre mdh bdp ab tak zinda [ Ylm.jtbii'] haih ? 

B. Tomdr bdp md * {ki) ekhdim. jibi/a { or behche ) . 
dchhen ? 

In B. ma bap is generally used in the sense of one in authority, having 
no reference to the natura. parents. 


25. He is the headman of the village. 

H. Wuh gdyOh kd lamharddr (or sarddr) hai. 
B. ^S"^ {loktt) gdhyer morol. 


1. The roof is leaking. 
H. i.hhai tapakti hat, 

B. Chhdtchh^hdd ( or phuto ) hdyeche, 

2. His wife is milking the cow. 

H. Us Id hlht [ Hin. istri'\ gay duhti hat. 

B. Tar stri (also hau, p2^rihdr* gimtl f ) ^a,2 du'chche, 

3. He is very stupid. 

H. Wtih bard ahmaq (or heivaquf) hai. 
B. ^S"^ hhdri bokd (or nirhodh J ). 

4. The tobacco is very strong — mild. 

H. Yih tamhdku hahtit hard hai — mtihd hai. 
B. Tdmdktd hhdri hard — 7nithe ( or nar^m ). 

5. The barber cut me while shaving. 

H. Hajjdm ne inert ddrhl mundfe waqt iistura lagd-diyd. 
B. Ndpte kdmdte kdmdte § ( dmdr ddrltd ) kete pheUche. 

* Parihar in the same way as the word * family ' is used in English, 
t Also means 'matron of the house'. 'Wife' in v. B.=-;««^; v. 'W.—jortl^ 
% C. S., nirbbodh. 

§ In B. when a word is to be repeated in writing, it is sometimes 
followed by the figure 2. 


6. The wall is cracked ; call the mason to come and 

mend it. 

H. Dtwar phat-ga^i hai\ raj ko hula-kar marammat 

B. D^lta Mr kheye (or phete) gtche ; raj mis/iri ke 
ddkiye eta sdrte bah. 

7. Wipe the dish well with a clean cloth. 

H. Saf kapre se is hdsan ko achchht far ah se poiichh-dalo, 

B. Pharsd kdp^r (or ntkrd) diye dis khdni hhdh k^'re 

8. Pull the cork out of this bottle. 
H. Is bo/a I kd kdk (or kdg) nikdlo. 
B. Ey i bof2iler chhipitd tene khoh. 

9. I want a spoon and a fork. 

H. Mujhe ek kdhtd chamcha chdhiye. 
Vt. Amdr ^k^ set kdhtd chdmche chad. 

10, (jO to bed. (jo and lie down on the bed. 

H. Jd>Oy so raho or Sone jd,o. Jd,o^ bichhaune par 

B. ]d,o so,oge. ]d,o bkhhdndv give so,oge. 

11. Show us the road to Delhi. 

H. Dilli kd rasta hameh dikhld, o. 

B. Dim \dhdr path (ox rdstd) dntdder Jekhiye ddjO. or 
Dim kon dike ]db^^ 


12. Are you angry with us ? 

H. Turn ham logon se khafd ho ? 

B. Amader op^r ch^^techz, (or rag k2^rech^) {pa ki) ? 

13. Is he in ? 

H. Kyd wuh ghar men hat ? 

B. Se ki bhei2Lre (i. e., bdrVe or ghare) achhe [h^ 
achhen ] ? 


1 4. They are out. 

H. Wiih hdhar ga\e haih. 

B. Tdrd [h, /dnrd] berij'e gechhe [h. gechhen] ox Tdhra 
hdrlte ne.i, 

15. Where is my stick ? 

H. Men chharl kahdh hai ? 

B. A mar chh^rt {gdchhtd ) kothdy ? 

16. Who are these men ? 
H. Fih kaun ddmi haih ? 

B. E lok gulo ke ? or Era [ h. ehrd ] hard ? 

1 7 Why do you hide your face ? 

H. Apnd muhh kyuh chhipdte ho ? 
B. {Tomdr) mukh lukuchch2i ^e«a ? 

18. Stand up on the bench. 

H. Betich par khare ho-jd.o, 


B. Benchir op2^r ddh^d^o. 


19. Show me your left hand. 

H. Apnd hay ah hath mujhe dikhd^o. 

B. (Tomdr) hah hditi dtkhd.o (or dekhi). 

20. Measure this cloth- with your right hand. 

H. Dahne hath se is kapre ko ndpo. 

B. {Tomdr) ddn hath diye e,i kdpz.r khdnd mdpTi [h. 
vidpun ; v. map ] . 

21. I do not remember where I left my silk handker- 


H. Mujhe ydd nahih maih apnd reshmi rumdl kahdh 

B. Amdr res mi rumdl khdni kothdy phelichi m^ne ne^i (or 
hzJchche nd). 

22. Mend my pen. 

H. Merd qalam hand-do (or tardsJi-do)» 

B. Amdr kal^.m^ta) kete (or thik k^ire) dd,o. 

23. His skin is hot. 

H. Us kd hadan garm hat. 
B . Tar gd{ td ) gar2,m ( hayeche ) . 

24. You must put on a woollen dress in a cold climate. 

H. Sard mulk meh tumheh uni kapre pahinne chdhiyeh. 

B. S^itpr2idhdn (or thdnda) dese tomdder p^smi posdk 
pard chdj. 


25. He has slept long * (not yet awake). 

H, Wuh der se soya hai, 
B. Se anek'kh2in f ^aVa ghurniyeche. 


1. I hope your father-in-law will soon get well. 

LL Math umld [ Hin. hiswasl karia htlh kiiumhare susre 

jald achchhe ho'jd,ehge. 
. B. Ami asa Hri aptiar S2isnr J msisa.i siggir bhah hahen 
(or siggir sere ufhben). 

2, The jute godown in Chitpore caught fire. 
II. Chitpftr ke pat godam men dg lag-ga.u 
B. Chit purer pater gudome dgtm legechhel^. 

3» How nice ! 

II. Kyd khub \ or Wdh, wdh \ 

B. K^mdiH (also ki) siindar ! or Bah, bah ! or Bdh, bes \ 

4. At what time next Sunday will you be at home } 

H. Ayanda [Hin. agle^, Itwar ko turn kis rvaqt [Hin.. 
samay'\ ghar nieh rahoge ? 

B. Asche r2ibbdr {dpni) kon s2imay ban thdkben ? 

* If the idea is that he is now awake, the H. will be der iak soya and 

the B. anek'khan dhixWe ghurniyeche, 
f C. S., anekk^an, 
X C. S., Svaittr, 


5. The clerks come very late nowadays. 

H. In dinoh (or Aj kal) * dark ' sad [ Hin. daftar he Bahii 
log'] bahut der kar-kt d/e haih, 

B. Aptser Bahurd dj kdl hhdrl der tie ( or den ^a re ) 

6. The fire smokes. 

H. Ag se dhu,dh nikaltd hat. 
B. Agune dhohyd h^'chche. 

7. Life is short. 

H. Zindagi thorl hat. [ Hin. Jtban thord kai.] 
B. yiban dr ka diner j^.nye ? or J than alpastJidyl. 

8. Sir, I've no one to help me in this world. 

H. Huzur [Hin. niahasayl, dunyd men aisd ko,l ftahu't hai 
jo mert madad [Hin. sahdyatd] kare. 

B. Jlf a/ids ay,(e) priihibite dnidy sdhd\)'a karbdr keji nej. 

9. Wait for me till I return home. 

H, Jab iak (or Jitne din ) math ghar wdpas (or laiit kar) 
na d,uh, merd in/isidr karo. 

B. ]a/d.kkkd.n^ (also ]addin) nd ami bdrl phiri dmdr 
J2inye apekkhd f ^a'/'a. 

10. There is not a cloud in the skv to-dav. 

H. Asmdn [Hin. dkds ] par dj badli nahth hai. 
B. Akdse dj ekfu,o viegh nej or Aj dkds bes pariskdr. 

* C. S.f yafakqan. 
t C. S., apeksn. 


11. I can't bear cold air. 

H. Mujhe thandi hawd hardasht nahlh hotl or Math 
tha?idi hawd sah nahth saktd, 

• • 

B. Kank^ne (or thdndd) h&lds dmdr szjjh?^ * (or hardast^ ) 
hay nd. 

12. The wind is not blowing at all. 

H. Hawd hilkul nahth hat or Zard hhi hawd nahlh chaltl^ 
B. Hd^oyd ch2^lche nd or Bdtds ^kdam bandhz.. 

13. It rains. Oh ! what large drops ! 

H. Pdni par id (or barasid) hat. Kaisi barl barl htlhdeh 
haih ! 

B. Bisti elz,. Uh ! kat2, (or ki) bafdi bar^i phohtd ! 


14. The sun is not shining now. 

H. Ab suraj nahih dikhd^i detd or Ab dhup nahth hau 
B.^,n roddur ne^i, 

15. To be deaf and dumb is a misfortune. 

H. Bahrd aur giihgd hond bad-nasibi hai [ Hin. bard 
durbhdgya hat], 

B. Bobd kdld ha.oyd dukkher bisay. 

16. ' Rice is our staple food. 

H. Chdwal [Hin. bhdt^^ hamdri asl gluzd \J^\n. hhojan'\ 

B. Bhdt-i dmdder pr?idhdn khddyz.. 

* C. S., sahya. 


17. He is very stout and strong. 

H. Wuh hahut mot a aur viazbiit hat. 
B. Se loktd khub sakiz. sdmarihdi. 

18. I get up just at six. 

H. Main thik chha baje uthtd huh. 

B. Ami thik chhatdy (or chhatdr S3,mq}') uthi. 

19. Do you mean to cheat me ? 
H. y w//^ mtijhe thagnd chdhte ho ? 

B. Tumi ki dmdke thakdte chd,o [ h. chdn ; v. chds"] ? 


20. I owe you two and a half rupees. 

H. Alain tumhdrd dhd^l (or arhd^i ) rupiya dhdrtd hiih or 
Ap ke dhdJ rupai mujh par die haih. 

B. {Ami) tomdr drhd^i tdkd dhdri. 

2 1 . Tears are the signs of grief. 

H. Ahsu ^ham [Hin. dukh^ ki 'aldmat [ Hin. chifih^ 

B. Duhkhu h2ile,i chokhe jal dse. 

22. The calf is only half a year old. 

H. Vih bachhrd chha-hl mahlne kd hai. 
B. Bdchhuitl sabe chha mdser. 

23. What ! a girl of one and a half and yet so clever ! 
H. JiCyd (or aih) ! I)erh bar as ki larki aur itni chdldk ! 
B. Ki ( or e« ) ! tktd der bachdirer vieye Qt^L chdldk \ 


24. The rain has stopped. 

H. Pant tham-gayd. 
B. Brhti (or jai) theme (or dh'xrt^ gQche. 

2S- Stop (the cal)). 

H. Gdri kharl karo or ( Gdft ko ) khara karo, 

B. Gdrl thdmd,o or {Gdfiid) thdmd.o [h. /hdmdn ; v 


T. There are always (or daily) quarrels in this troop. 

H. Poz roz (or A,e din ; har roz ; hamesha) is trup men 
jhagrd hotd hai. 

B. E paltTkne foj jhagrd lege a dchhe. 

2. This river is fordable throughout the hot season. 

H. Garmiynh men yih nadi pay ah ho-Jdti hai [Hin... 
7iadl he I kar par jane jog holt hai ] . 

B. G^.rml kdl bh?ir e n2^di hehte par ha,oyd ]dY. 

3. This river is fordable now. 

H. Aj kalj'ih nadi pdydh hai [Hin. hehie jog hai'l. 
B. Aj kdl en2idi hehte pdr ha^oyd ']dy. 

4. This river is fordable throughout the year. 
H. Vih daryd sal hhar pdydb rahtd hai. 

B. Bdr^. mds-i e m,dJ hehte pdr ha.oyd yiy. 


5. Watches have two hands. 

H. Gharl men do sU^iyah hoti hath, 
B. T^hk ghzrlf- dutl kdnfa. 

6. Europeans are fair. 

H. Furop ke rahne-wale gore hole hath (not haih^, 
B. Ingrejrd pharsd.{ox gaur barm, ). 

7. My daughter is of fair complexion. 
H. Mert beti gori hai, 

B. Amdr meyetir rang bes pharsd. 

8. Chairs have four legs. 

H. Kurst men chdr pd^e bote hath (not haih). 
B. Keddrdr chdrtl pdyd ( hdi'ye thdke ). 

9. This chair has three legs ;.one is broken. 

H. Is kurst men tin pd,e haih (not hole haih) ; ek tut gay a hat* 
B. E keddrdttr tinti pdyd ; ^ktd bhenge gQchhe. 

10. That tree is still there. 

H. Wuh darakht [ Hin. perh ] ab-tak hat. 
B. O gdchhtd Qkh2in2i at r2i!yeche, 

11. It is known to me. 

H. Yih mujhe ma'ItVn hai. 
B. Eta dmdr jdnd {dchhe), 

12. It appears to me very strange. 

H. Mtijh ko bard ta'ajjub ma'lum hotd hai. 

B. Amdr bhdrl asch2^r\ya bodh h2Jchche (or hay). 


13- Just look. 
H. Dekho to. 
B. DQkh2i /a. 

14- Now, that is not true. 
H. Hah, yih to sack nahlh. 

B. Hah. e hatha (fa) /a s2Ltyi naj\ 

15. This pillar is higher than that pillar. 
H. Vih sutun us sutun se uhcha hai, 

B. £ thdnitd t ham tar cheye uhchti. 

16. This post is the longest of all. 
H. Yih khamhd sab se lambd hai, 
B. Jl khuhtitd sab cheye lambd, 

17. Very cool breezes are blowing. 
H. Bahut thandl hawd chalti hai. 

B. Bhdrl thdndd hd,oyd ch^Clche (or bdi^iche), 

18. This is too much. 

H. Vih bahut ziydda hai. 
B. U badd2i best. 

19. It is better than the others. 
H. Dusroh se yih achchhd hai. 
B. AfiyTiguIir cheye iti bhdldi. 

20. It is long time since I saw him. 

H. Bahut dinoh se math ne use nahlh dekhd. 
B. Anek din h^!lz. ami take [h. tahke'] dekhi ni. 


What dog is this ? 
H. yih kh qisni M kutta hat ? 
B. Efd konjater kukur} 

What's this ? What's all this ? 
H. Fih kya b&t hat ? 
B. Eki} E sab ki ? 

What (thing) is this ? 
H. Vzh kya chis hai f 
B. Efii At (Jifih ) ? 

What shame is there in asking ? 
H. Pilckkue men. sharm ( or laj ) hya hai ? 
B. yigges " kA'rle lajja ki ? 

Of what city is he ? 
H. Wuk kttun se skahr ia adml hai ? or Wiih k/'s shahr ka 

bdshinda hai ? 
B. & ion sahd.rer lok ? 


Man you call him ? he is a devil. 
H. Admi kyd ? deo hai. 

B, Oke ahar mSnus ia/i or Old abar mantis ? old /a ektd 

' Prop., jijASsa, 


2. He is not a man, rather a devil. 
H. Admi nahih hai balki deo hat, 

B. Mdnus /a nay-i^ baring ekfd pisach hz.lle,o hay, 

3. Though he is covered from head to foot, yet I know 

who he is. 

H. With sir se pd,oh hik dhaka hat, lekin maihjdnid hiih ki 
ivuh kaun hai. 

B. Ja^/,<7 idr vidthd iheke pa pAr]yAN/ii dhdkd, tz.bu,o ami 
chinte ( or bujhte ) perichi ke. 

4. Who is he ? I don't know. 

U. Wuh kaun hai} Main nahlhjdntd hiih. 
B. O [h. i/wi J ke ? Ami jdni nd (or w/). 

5. I never go to see him. 

IT. Main us se milne ko kabhl nah'ih jdid. 

W. ylmi kakh2in2L far sahge dtkhd k^'rte \d.i nd. 

6. I have no ready money. 

H. Mere pas naqd rupiya nahih hai {px...rapiya kahdh hai?)^ 
B. Amdr kdchhe nagTid tdkd ne.i ( or kothdy } ). 

7. What ! will he come } 
H. Kyd wuh d,egd ? 

B. Ki\ se \\\. tint'] ki d^be [h. dsben'\ ? 

8. Come in about ten minutes. 
H. Kb,i das minit men djO. 

B. Minit daseker m2idhye es^ [h. dsben ; v. dsis"]. 


9. I'll be back here in a few minutes. 

H. Main abhi dta huh (or ahhi qyd), 
B. Dti char miniter ni^dhye phirchi ( or phtrh2i )• 

10. Do this some time or other. 
H. yab hO'Sake, yih kdm karna. 
B. ]akh2in hay ek sa/uaj' eta X'aVa. 

11. I stayed there for some days. 
H. Kuchh din main wahdh thahrd. 
B. Ami kichhudin sekhdne chhilum. 

12. There must be, will be, yet another tiger there. 
H. Wahdh ek aur sher hhi hogd, 

B. Okhdne ekh2im„o dr ^ktd hds'h dchhe. 

13. Is there any one } (is any one in ? any one present ? ) 
H. Ko^l hai ? 

B. Ke,u dchh2i [ h. dchhen ; v. dchhis ] } 

14. There is no one. 
H. Ko,i nahih hai. 
B. Ke,u nej. 

15. He climbed the ladder in my absence. 

H. yab main nahlh fhd, wuh sir hi par charhd. 

B. Ami ']akh2Ln chhilum nd, se ?//^,iyer op'xr uthcchheh ( or 
ch2irechheJ2i) or Amdr asdkkhd/e^ se wajr nthechhel-\. 

C. S., asaksafe. 


1 6. I have got fever. 

H. Mujhe bukhar charh'&yd {hai). 
B. Amor jar * h^^yeche. 

17. Bring a knife. Bring that knife. 

H. Chhuri Id^o, Us chhurl ha ld,o. 

B. E^ khdni chhuri niye €S2i. Chhuri khdnd nije es2i [h.. 
dsun ; v. 5>']. 

18. Send for a doctor. Send for the doctor. 

H. Dak tar buhvd.o. Ddktar ko huhvd,(h. 

B. K^ J2in ddkidr ddkte pdthd.o. Ddktar Bdbiike ddkte 
pdthd.o [h. pdthdn ; v. pdthd\ 

19. I have sent all (the things). 
H. Main ne sab bhej-diyd, 

B. Ami sab pdthiye diyechi. 

20. I have sent all (the persons). 

H. Main ne sah ko (or sabhoh ko) bhej-divd. 
B. Ami sabbd,ike (or sakkdilke) pdthiye diyechi. 

21. A saheb gave it to me. 

H. Vih ek sahib ne mujhe (not tnujh ko) diyd. 
B. Etl Qk sdheb dmdke diyechhilen. 

21, He took me home. 

H. Wuh mujhe ghar le-gayd. 
B. ^S*^ dmdke bdrl(te) niye g^lz.. 

* C. S., Jvar, 


23. You should read these books one by one^ 

H. In kitaboh ko ek ek kar ke tumheh parhnd chahiye. 

B. E b2iS guli tomader ^k khand ek Jihdnd k2Lre para uchit. 


24. Give me that. 
H. Mujhe ivuh do. 

B. Ota dd,o /a or Otd dd.o nd. 

25. He gave him that book. 

H. Us ne wuh kitdh us ko de-di. 

B. Se fake seJ h?ij khdnd diyechheh. 


1. No sooner he heard this than he left the house in 


H. Vih (bd/) sunfe-hi ivuh bhes badal-kar ghar se nikal- 

B. E kathd sunea se chhadmTLbese bdri iheke berive geh^ 


2. At mid-night he came on horseback. 

H. Adhi rat ko wuh ghore par sawar ho-kar dvd. 
B. Dupur rdtiire se ghordy chdire esechheh. 

3. That he has gone to Lahore is quite true. 
H. Us kd Ldhor jdnd bilkul sack hat. 
B. Se je Ldhorie) geche sefd thik ( or ja/rO ( kathd ). / 



4. Give me a ten rupee note and Rs. 1 8 in cash. 

H. Mujhe ek das rUpai ka not aur attharah rupai nagd 

• B. Amake ek khdnd das tdkar not dr nagd^d dthdn^ id tdkd 

5. He is ready to go at this auspicious time. 

H. Wuh is achchht sd'at [ Hin. suhh lagn'\ ineh jdne ko 
tayydr hai. 

B. E,i suhhakkhane * se \dhdr jMve prT^tut, 

6. Drive to the Eden Gardens. 
H. Ledl Bdghjd.o. 

B. Id en gdrdene niye chal^, 

7. Drive us quickly to the New Market. 
H. Na.e Bdzdr ko tez hdhk-ke chalo. 

B. Hag Sdheher f hdjdre sigg/r hdhkive ]d,o (or c/iah). 

8. Kill that horse. Beat that horse. 

H. Us ghore ko mdr-ddlo. Us ghore ko mdro. 
B. Ghordfdke mere phel^. Ghordidke mdr2i. 

9. He killed the monkey. 
H. Us ne bandar ko mdr-ddld. 


B. Se bahdzrfdke mere phelle. 

* C. S., 8ubhakBane. 

t The New Market is actually named after its founder Sir Stuart 
Hogg, the then Chairman of the Calcutta Municipality. 


TO. The hoy has struck the girl. 

H. Larke ne larki ko mar a hat. 
B. Chheleta meyetike mereche. 

11. He ate in time. 

H. Us ne waqt par khdya. [ Hin. us ne so may se hhojan 
kiyd. ] 

B. Se \atha S2imaye kheyechhel2i, 

12. He ate it up. 

H. Wuh use khd-gavd. 

B. .S> sefd kheve phelechhel^. 

13. Your coming has j)lease(l me. 

H. Ap ke dne se mam khush [Hin. prasanna ] hri,d. 
B. Apni dsdie ami khusi hzyedii, 

14. IJsten, hoy. 

H. A i larke, suno or Suno larke. 
B. E,i ( or ohe ) chho^rdy son^ /a. 

15. He has already gone there. 
H. Wuh wahdh jd-chukd hai. 
B. Se dgej sekhdne geche. 

16. I cannot write. 

H. Main likh nahth saktd. 

B. Ami likhte part (also idni) nd. 


17. I won't go. 

H. Main nahih ja.iihgd or, idiomatically in an ironical 
sense, ^/ ^5«, viain jd-chnka. 

B. Ami \db2i nd or, idiomatically in an ironical sense. 
Ch^illum dr ki ? or Nd gele ha he henz. ? 

1 8. First do this and then that. 

H. Pahle yih kdm kar-lo {woi kar chttko) tab dftsrd kdm 

B. Age e kdjtd kam idr par aid ^a'/a. 

19. (jo to my room and bring me quickly my sword. 

H. Mere kamre se meri tahvdr {ox kirch) jald {ox jhat 
pat) le-d,o. 

B. Jrt,^ dmdr ghar theke dmdr tar oval khdnd siggir { or 
jhap kdJre or khap ksi're ) nije es^. 

20. Why should I go there ? 

H. Main wahdh kvuhjd,uh (or, idiomatically, yVi//^ lagd) ^ 

B. Amdr okhdne \dhdr ki darkdr ? or Ami kenSi sethd \ete 
\dh2i ? 

2 1 . Why should I have gone there ? 

H. ffam wahdh kyuhjdte ? or Afaih zvahdh kvuhjdne lagd 
thd } 

B. Amdr sethd ]dbdr ki darkdr chhelz. ? 

22. I got fever after reaching my lodging. 

H. Mujh ko dere * par pahuhch, kar bukhdr dyd. 
B. Bdsdy giye (or ese) dmdr jar ■\ eh. 

* Also means tent. f Vide note on page 32. 


^3. I am hungry and thirsty. 

H. Main hhuka pyasd huh. 
B. Amdr khide testa peyeche. 

2\. Give me some bread and butter and a little water. 

H. Mujhe kuchh makkhan rati do aur thord sd pdni. 
B. Amdke (or dmdy) ektu indkh^.n rutl dr ektii jal dd,o, 

^5. , You will find him a very useful person. 
H. Turn us ko bard kdm-kd ddmi pd,oge. 
B. Dekhhen e [h. ?*«i] ^e/«a« kdjer lok. 


1 . You must * go. You ought to go. 

H. Turn ko zarur jdnd chdhiye. Turn ko jdnd chdhiye, 
B. Tomdr ]d,oyd chd^t. Tomdr ]d^oyd uchit, 

2. Must I go .? 

H. Kyd ham ko jdnd zarUr hail 

B. Amdke ki Qkdnt?L,i ]ete hahe ? Or Amdr ki nd gelej 
nap ? 

3. It is proper (necessary or desirable) to learn good 


H. Adab [Hin. sabhyatd] sikhnd chdhiye. 
B. S2ibhy2itd sekhd darkdr (or chdj). 

* If command is implied, the H. will be turn kojqnd hoga ( or parega) 
and the B. will be tomake jete,i habe. 


4. His manners have become English. 

H. Us ke fjariqe [Hin. chdl dhal] angrezoh ke se ho'ga,e 
ha in. 

B. Tahr chdl ihalTLU sdhebi dhar2iner h^'ye gQche. 

5. I want to make water. 

H. Mujhe peshdb lagd (or nurluni hotd) hai. 
B. Amdr pechchhdh peveche. 

6. I am called by nature. 

H. Mujhe pdi-khana lagd (or nia^ltlm hofd) haL 
B. Amdr bdjje (or hdgd) peyeche. 

7. He wishes to read but does not want to learn by heart. 

H. Wuh parhnd chdhtd hat magar {sabaq) ydd karnd 
ftahJh chdhtd. 

B. Tdr pdJr/e ichchhe dchhe, kintu se {pard) mukhdiSlJm 
k2Crte chdy nd. 

8. I wanted to see him for a minute. 

H. {Main ne) chdhd ki us se zard mil-luh, 

B. Ami Qk minifer JMve tdr sahge d^khd k2irte cheye- 

9. He has land. 

H. Us ke pds zamin hai. 

B. Tdhr kichhu jzmi jamd dchhe. 

ID. He has seven sons and nine daughters. 

H. Us ke sat bete aur nan betiydh haih, 
B. Tdhr sdtti chhele dr n^iti mere. 


11. He has a large nose. His nose is large. 

H. Wuh Iambi ndk-wdld hai. Us ki ndk Iambi hai. 
B. Tar lambd ndk. Tdr ndkfd lambd. 

12. I saw an ass that had no tail. 

H. Main ne ek gadhd dekhdjis ke dum na thi. 

B. Ami Qktd gddhd dekhlum (or dekhichhilum) ]dr nej ne.i 
or Ami ektd behre gadhd dekhichhiluw . 

13. Go to that man. 

H. Us ddmi ke ( not ko ) pds jd.o. 
B. Ai loktir kdchhe \d^o. 

14. Shall I accompany you } 
H. Main tumhdre sdth chaluh ? 
B. Ami ki iomdr sange ]db2L ? 

15. Divide this money amongst them. 
H. yik ruptya un ko bdhf-do. 

B. E idkd idder [ h. tahder^ bhdg k'd!re (or behfe) dd,o. 

16. Divide this money amongst yourselves. 

H. Fih rupiya dpas men bdht-lo. 

B. E idkd tomdder bhei^ire behfe nd,o or Tdkdtd tomrd 
dp2>.se behfe sehfe ni,o. 

17. Read this letter to yourselves. 
H. Yih khflllparh-lo. 

B. E^i chiti khdni pardi ( or p2Lre d^kh2i ). 

18. Read this letter to me, * .. 
H. Fih khan par h'do. 

B. E,i chiti khdni dmdke p2ire dd.o ( or sond.o ). 


19. Make Ram read this letter to you. 
H. Ram se is khflti, ko parhwd-kar suno, 
B. Rdmke diye chititd p2^riye nd,o. 

20. We were joking amongst ourselves. 

H. I/am dpas men' hahsi (or dil-lagt) karte the, 
B. Amrd dpna dpnir m2^dhye tdmdsd k^ chchhilum, 

21. 1 kicked him on purpose. 

H. Afain ne jdn-hUjh kar us ko Idi mdrd. 
B. Ami ichchhe kdi're.i take Idti merichhilum. 

22. When I have finished this matter, I will turn my 

attention to something else. 

H. yah 7naih yih kdm kar-tuhgd tab kist dusre kdm kt 
taraf mutawajjih hilhgd ( or taraf rukh karuhgd ). 

B. Etd ses k2ire ?Lny2L bisaye ;«a« dob2i. 

23. When you have finished writing the book, tell me. 
H. Kitdb likh'lo (or likh-chuko) to mujhe khabar dend. 

B. B^J khdnd lekhd ses h^He dmdy ^aVa. 

24. What is the hurry? it will be done some time or 


H. J^ldl kyd hat, ( kdm ) ho-rahegd. 

B. Tdrdtdri ki } jakh^n h2ik kard \dbe ^kh^n, 

25. It will be done just now^ 
H. Yih kdm abhi abhi ho-jd^egd, 
B. E ekhuni h^'lz, b2ile. 



1. (a) Don't laugh, {d) Don't make me laugh, (c) He 

is smiling, (d) Come this way. 

H. (a) J/a/ hahso. (b) Mujhe mat hahsa.o. (c) Wuh 
muskurdta hai. (d) Idhar d,o (also chalo). 

B. (a) Hehs2i na. (b) A make hahsi.o ( prop. hahsd,t\o) nd, 
(c) Se muchke tnuchke hdhsche. (d) E dike esz. 

2. He burst out laughing — crying. What makes him cry ? 
H. Wuk ham-pard — ro-uthd. Wuh rota kyuh hai ? 

B. Se heme uthl^. — kehde uthl2i. Se kdhdche ken2i ? 

3. (a) He laughed at the sight of this man. (b) The 

very sight of him excites laughter. 

H. (a) Wuh is ddml ko dekh-kar hahsd. (b) Us ko dekhte 
hi hahsi dti hai. 

B. (a) Se e loktdke dekhe hehse phelle. {\>) Take dekhlej 
hdhsi dse (or pay). 

4. Hearing the hymns he shed tears. 

H. D u' a, oh \^W\n. hhajanoh^ ko sun-kar us ke dhsU hahne 

B. Kettz.n sune se kehde phelle (or se dr chokher jal 

rdkhte pdlle nd). 


5. (i?) Whatever the saheb says to you, just let me know. 
{b) Whatever , come and report it. 

H. (a) Jo kuchh sahib turn se kaheh wuh mujh se kahnd. 
( b) Jo mujh se kah-Jdnd. 

B. (a) Sd'eb fomdke (or tomdy ) \d balen dmdke ( or dmdy ) 
ese h2il^, (b) Sdheb dmdke b2ile y^o. 


6. ril read this hook, do you listen to it. 

H. Math is kiidb ko parhta huh turn us ko sun'ja,o. 

B. Ami ej Za,i k/iarii psi'rchi, tutni ( bes k^'re ) sune ']a,n, 

7. ia) He is going along the road. (I)) He was 

H. (a) Wuh rasie men ja-raha hai. (b) .ja-raha 


B. (a) Se rastd dive \dchche. (b) *SV \dchchhil2i. 

8. id) He has had a relapse. ( h ) Lie on your side.. 
{c) He can't lie on this side, (d) He is lying on 

his back. 

H. (a) Us ki btmari dukrd-gaa for laui-da). (b) Karivat 
leto. (c) Wuh is kar7vat nahih let saktd. (d) Wuh 
chit letd hai. 

B. (a) Tdhr dbdr asukh k^ireche or Thii pdlfe p^irechefi. 

(b) Kdt h^j'e (or Pds phire) sun. (o 7 mi e pas 
phire sute pdren ml. (d) Se chit hsij'e sure dchhe. 

9. See me on your way to office. 

H. Da/tar jdte ivaqt mere pds se ho-lend (or hofe-Jdnd). 

B. Apis ]dbdr ssimar dmdr kdchh dive h^ive y.o [ h. \dhen\. 

10. (a) I fell asleep. {Ji) I w^nt to sleep. (r) I was 


H. (a) Main so-gayd or Mujh ko nthd d-gaj. (b) Maiii 
so-rahd. (c) Maih sotd thd. 

B. (a) Ami ghumive f,2irlum. (b) Attn Itite gelum. 

(c) Ami ghumuchchhilum. 


11. I worked very hard, so I passed the examination. 

H. Math ne harl mihnat kijis se imtikan ^pds' kar-liyd. 

B. Ami khub meh^nn^ ( or p2Lrisr^.m ) k^ rechhilum ( or 
Ami khub khetechhilum ), id4 Ukjdmin pas' k^Crichi. 

12. (a) He is getting better every day. (b) lam much 

better to-day. 

H. (a) Wuk roz ba-roz achchhd hotd jdtd hai. (b) Main 
dj {pahle se ) bahut achchhd huh. 

B. (a) Se din din ektu ektu k2Lre bhdh hzchche (or hdije 

dsche) or ^S*^ ^a'/Y sere uthche. (b) Aj dmi 

( dgekdr cheye ) anektd bhdh dchhi. 

13. (<z) I have lost my voice. (3) My legs are paining. 

H. (a) Men divdz baiih-ga^i hai or 3ferd gald baith-gayd 
hai. (b) Mere pd,oh dard karte haih or Mere pd.oh 
dukhte haih. 

B. (a) Amdr gald b^Jse (or dh^^re or bhenge) geche. 

(b) Amdr pa kdmrdchche ( or b^thd k2jchche). 


14. (a) I don't want to go there, {b) For want of money 

I can't undertake this work. 

H. (a) Maih wahdh nahih jdnd chdhtd. (b) Rupai ke na 
hone se hamyih kdm nahih kar-sakte. 

B. (b) Ami okhdne \ete chd.i nd. (b) Tdkdr abhdbe dmi e 
kdjtd k^itte pdchchi nd. 

15. I'll pay this extra expense out of my own pocket. 

H. Apne pds se main yih fdltu kharch de-dilhgd. 

B. E,i bdrti khar2Lchtd dmi nijer ( or dpndr ) gdht theke 


1 6. Tell him * his mother is dead. 

H. Us se kaho ki tumharl man mar-ga^i. 

B. Oke balz, ]e or via m2ire ( or mara ) geche. 

17. 'Jell him f to go there. 

H. Cs ko (not us se) wahdh jane ko kah-dend, 
B. Take sethdy ( or sekhdne ) ]e/e ^aVa. 

18. (^7) I told him the whole story, (d) This is a made-up 

story, (c) It is a long story. 

H. (a) Sdrdqissa main ne us se kah-dtyd {ox use kah- 
sundyd), (b) Vih bandwafi hdi hat or Yih garhd 
(or ghard) hu,d qissa hai. (c) Yih qissa dardz hai. 

B. (a) Ami take s2Lm2Ls/2L {or sab) b^pdr % (or galpsif a) 
bsi'/lum. (b) Jt^ifd) bdndn^i ( or mz,n gard ) kaihd, 
(c) Se anek kathd. 

J 9. {a) I'm not addressing you. (^) You are still here ? 

H. (a) Main turn se nahih bolid, (b) Ab takyihlhho} 

B. (a) Ami tomdke b^'lchi ni. (b) E>fe^a«a ekhdne 
( r2LYechz. or dchh^^ ) ? 

20. 1 came here of mv own accord. He didn't dismiss me. 

H. Alain apne dpyahdh dyd. Unhoh ne mujh ko jawdb 
nahih diyd, 

B. Ami dpndr ( or nijer) ichchhdy ekhdne esichhilum. Tint 
dmdy jabdb ( or chhdriye ) dtn ni. 

* The idea here is present ( in time and space ). 
t The idea here is that of future or distance. 
X C. S., vyapar. 


21. Well, who is that black-looking, bald-headed, man ? 
H. Wuh kdld-sd^ chandld, ddnii kaun hai ji [v. re^ ? 

B. Kdlz. pdJtd, feko, loktd ke he [v. re'\ ? 

22. Give me any pencil. Have you got a quill ? 

H. Mujhe ko,i-si pinsil do. Tumhdre pas par ka qalam hai ? 

B. ]eid (or ]d) h^'k ektd pensil dnidke da.o. Totnar 
( kdchhe ) pen kalz.m dchhe ? 

23. No matter what kind of service it is, III do it. 
H. KoJ-sl naukrl bhi mujhe mile, main kanlhgd. 
B. ]e konz. chdkri h^ik nd ken2L, ami /taV^a. 

24. I got back my lost money. Have you got }'our 

needle ? 

H. Merd khoyd huA rupiya mujh ko mild, Tum ne apni 
su,t pd,i ? 

B. Ami dmdr hdrdm (or khoyd) idkd peyichhi/um, 
Tomdr chhuhch peyech^i ? 

25. (a) This is a counterfeit ru}>ee. (d) Close your eyes, 
H. (a) Vihja'll rupiya hai (b) Ahkheh band karo. 

B. (a) Eid meki idkd, (b) Chokh buJ2i,o [h. bujun\ 


I. I got a reward for telling the truth. 

H. Sach bolne se (or ke ivdstj ) mujh ko in' dm mild. 
B. S2Ltyi kathd baldr darun dmi pur^skdr peyechhilum. 


2. He has come to see me. Put out your tongue. 

H. Wuh mujh se milne ko aya hai. Zah&n nikah. 

B. Se amar sange d^kka k^'rte ( or Se amdv dekhte ) eyeche. 
Jib bar kar2i (/a). 

3. 1 have fallen into his clutches. 

H. Main us ke pale par-gay a hUh or Main us he hath men 
para huh. 

11 A??ii tar pallay (or hate) psCricht. 

4. [a) I'm undone, {b) On all sides. 

H. (a) Mera kam tamam ho-chuka ! (b) Charon taraf. 

B. fa) Ami mara gelum or Amar sabb2inas * AaVa or Amar 
dapha sdr (or rapha), (b) Char dike. 

5. I 11 go myself. 

H. Main dp (or khud) jdMngd. 
B. Ami dpni.i (or nijed) ]db2i. 

6. He himself will come to my place. 
H. Wuh dp (or khud) mere ghar d.egd. 
B. Se dpni.i (ov nije,i) dmdr ekhdne dsbe. 

7. The man who is wjse speaks little. 

H. Jo ddmi ddnd [ Hin. huddhimdn ] hai wuh kam boltd hai. 
B. (jQni t iok^ kam kathd kay. 

* C. S., sarbbanas. 
t C. S.^ Jfianl. 


S. She neither moves nor stirs. 

H. IVuh na hilti hai na dolti, 
B. Se hele^o nd dole.o nd or Se nare.o nd chare^o nd, 

9. Its owner is neither Ram nor Syam, hut I. 

H. Us kd mdlik Ram hai na Sydm, balki main huh. 
B. Ihdr (or er) mdlik Rdm-o nay S\vdm-o nay, ami. 

10. Either do your husiness or be off. 

H. Vd to apnd kdm karo, yd chalte phirte na^ar d^o ( or 
yd chale jd,o). 

B. Hay iomdr nijer (or dpndr) kdj karz., nd hay ch2ile ]d,o 
for nd hay dur ha,o or dur (or naj^r chhdrd) h^ye id,(>)/ 

11. Is this a cock or a hen ? 

H . } Ih 7n ur/^M hai yd m u >\^ki ? 
B. Eid momg nd mtirgi ? 

12. It is neither a cock nor a hen, it is a pigeon. 
H. A^rt murghd hai na murghi. kabfitar hai. 

B. E(d momg-o nay murgho na\\ eta pdyrd. 

13. " What are you doing ? " '• Nothing." * 
H. '' Kyd karte ho } " " Aise hi baithd htlh." * 

B. " Ki k^chch?, .? " '' E,i ( or emni^ h2ise dchi.'' * 

14. Every man should do so, whether rich or poor. 

H. Kyd amir kyd gharih, sab ko aisd hi karnd chdhiye. 

B. Ei dh^ni ki mrdh2in {or Ei bara. mdnu^ ki g2Lrib lok). 
sabdrer-i ej rak^im kard uchii. 

* Lit., H. kuchh nahlfi ; B. kichhu na. The sentence means " Sitting 



15. Tell me when he comes. My temples are aching. 

H. yah wuh d-jd.e mtijhe khabar dend. Meri kdn-pattiyon 
men dard hai, 

B. Se ele dmdv (or dmdke ) ^aVa (or khah2ir di\o), Amdr 
rag tip tip kdJchche. 

16. Stay here till I return. Wait a hit. Can't you wait } 

H. Yahdh thahro jab tak main na dSih. Zara thahro {ov 
sabr karo ). Kyd dp thahar nahih sakfe ? 

B.* Ami ]a/2ikk/i2in * nd phiri ( or dsti ) ekhdne thek2,. Ektit- 
raja. Tomdr ki tar ( or deri ) say nd ? 

•17. An order was given for killing him. 

H. Us ke mdr ddlne ke liye hukm hfi.d, 
B. Tdke mere ph^lbdr jz.nye hukum de,oyd hdiyechhelz,. 

18. He gives himself airs. He's perspiring too much. 

H. Wuh hahut hantd hai. Wuh pasine pasine ho rahd hai., 

B. Se khub chdL chhdre (or mdre) or Se khuh chdle 
chale. Tdr bhaydn2^k ( or badd2i ) s^hdm h2Cchche. 

19. Ah, you are making a fool of me. 

H. Oh\ turn mujhe handte ho. 

B. Huh, tumi dmdy bokd (or dhd?}i?ti2ik) peyech^i (or 

20. We (two) won't get on together. 

H. Ham se us se na banegi. 

B. Or (or tdr) sange dmdr posdbe (or h2inhe or bd^ni hantd 
hahe) nd. 

Vide note on page 23. 


21. Wherever else it may be, it certainly is not here. 
H. Kahlh aur ho to ho.yahah to nahih hai, 

B. Ar ]ekhdnej thakuk nd kena., ekhdne kintu ne,i. . 

22. If you won't give me more, at least give me ii Rs, 
H. Ziydda nahih to gydrah hi rupai do. 

B. Ar best nd ddyO /a antd^tzh egdr^id (dkd dd^o, 

23. I'll give you Rs. 40, and not more. 

H. Turn ko chdlls rUpai duhgd, ziydda nahih. 
B. Tomdke chdillis idkd dob2i, dr ( or er besi ) nd, 

24. The candle is burning dimly. 

H. Shama^ [Hin. (mom) batti'] udds jalti hai. 
B. Bdtitd mil mit (or mir mir) kz!re J2ilche *. 

25. Come if you mean to, or you'll be a loser. 

H. And hai to d^o, nahih to apnd dp nuqsdn karoge. 
B. Aste ckdyO t2L es2L, naile tumiA ( or nijeA ) th2ikbe. 


I. It is near morn. 

H. $ubh hone ko hai ( or d^i ) or Subh qarib hai or Subk 
ho chali or Pan phatd chdhti hai. 

B. Sakdl hz!h, b^'le or Bhor hdJye f/a. 

* C. S., jvalche. 


2. (a) Come along with me. (d) I've something to say 

to you. 

H. (a) Mere sath chalo (noi d.o or jd,o), (b) Mujhe turn 
se kuchh kahnd hat, 

B. (a) Amar sange chalz, (or es2i). (b) Tomdy kichhu 
balbdr dchhe. 

3. It is my custom to rise at five every day. 

H. Meri 'adatyih hai ki roz sawere ( or subh ke ) pdhch hajt 
so-kar uthtd hUh, 

B. Roj sakdl pdhchtdy othd dmdr 2ibbes ♦. 

4. Send this violin to be repaired. 

H. Is sdrangi ko hanne ( or handne ) ko do (fut. dend). 

B. Eji boy Id khdnd merdma,/ k^Wte (pdthtye) dd,o (fut. 
di\o ). 

5. Did you see that ring on his small finger ? 

H. Turn ne us ki chhahgulyd (or ckhoii unglt) menus 
ahgufhl t ko dekhd ? 

B. Tdr k^re dfigule se,i dngtUi ki dekhechhile ? 

6. Mix the water with the milk. Boil an egg for me. 

H. Dudh men pant mild^o. Mere wdste ek andd uhdlo 

(fut. ubdind), 
B. Dudhe jal mesd^o. Amdr j^nye ektd dim sedd^. kam 

(fut. ^a'ra). 

* Prop., abhySs, 

t A ring with a signet or stone. A ring of metal = chhallS. 


7. Fasten the bucket to the rope. 
H. Dol men rassl bdhdho. 

B. Bdlttte ddjn bdhdhdi. 

8. He has not come, but he's about to come. 

H. Avd to nahih, magar us ki dmad dmad hai ( or magar 
dne ko hai), 

B. Se dseni, kintu dse dse h^!yeche or Se eh, ,b2Cle. 

9. If such a thing is to be had anywhere, it is in Calcutta. 

H. Vth chiz kalkatte men mile to mile, warna ( of nahth to ) 
aur kahih na milegi. 

B. E jinis kothd^o yzdi pd,oyd \qy /a se k^,lketa\\ 

10. If he comes, well and good; if not, Til have him 

brought by force. 

H. Agar qvd to dyd {ox khair)^ warna pakarwd manga,-- 

B. Se dse bhdhA, naile tdke jor {jab2Lrd2isti) k?Lre dndb^. 

(or naile tar ghdr dhz!re dndb2^, 


11. Crop my hair and shave me. 

H. Mere sir ke bdl katro aur ddrhi mUhdo, 

B. Amdr chul ( id ) chhehte dd,o, dr ddri {id) kdmiye dd,o, 

12. You didn't obey my order. You must pay fine. 

H. Turn ne merd kukm na mdnd. Turn ko jurmdna dend 

B. Tumi dmdr hukum (or kathd) sonSi ni. Tomdke 
i2irimdnd dite Wbe. 


13. The moment you take beef, you'll fall ill. 
H. Turn ne gay kd gosht kh&vd aur htmdr hu,e. 

B. Tumi gomangsz khele^i deyrdme * ( or demoj' f ) p2irbe^ 

14. Whose signature is this? Count the money. 

H. Vih kis kd dast-khatt^ hai} ^Rupai gino (or gin lo). 
B. E s^'i {ti ov td) kdr ? Tdkdtd g^m. ( or gune nd,o ). 

15. (a) Do you smoke $ cigars.? (h) I don't smoke t 


H. (a) Ap ^ sigdr' pile hath} (b) Main huqqa nahih pltd^ 
B. (a) Apni ki churui khan ? (b) Ami tdmdk khdj nd. 

16. He keeps game-cocks and hunting dogs. 

H. Wuh asil murgh aur shikdri kutie pdltd (or rakhta) hai, 
B. Se lardy e mor^g dr sikdrt kukur rdkhe ( or pose ). 

17. The sickness has decreased to 25 per cent. 

H. Bimdrl solah dne men ah sir/ chdr due rah-ga.i hai. 
B. Boyrdm * ^ara dnd sere ( or kdJme ) eseche. 

18. He made his servants abuse me. ' 

H. Us ne naukaroh se mujhe gall sunwd^i. 

B. Se chdk2sder dtye dmdke gdl khd.oydle (or khd^iyechhilai),. 

19. Could you stand seeing a person killed } 
H. Turn se kisl kd khUn hond dekhd jd,egd ? 

B. Tumi ki chokher sdmne ^kj^nke khun h2!ie dekhte pdrbe ? 

* C. S.J vy&ratne. 
t C. S., vyamohe. 
% Vide last note on page 16. 


20. They are coming in crowds. 

H. Juq ji^q [Hin. ///^ hu^e^ ddml chale ate hath. 
B. Hur hur k2i!re lok asche. 

21. He got red all over from anger. 

H. [/s kd chihra mare ghusse ke Idl Idl ho-gayd, 
B. Rdgete ( or rege ) st Idl h^'ye uthh. 

22. The bullet passed close over my head. 

H. Go It mere sir ke upar upar chali (or se nikal) gaa. 
B. Guli dmdr mdthdr opdir diye chz!le ( or heriye ) gth.^ 

23. The train goes through a continuous tunnel. 
H. Rel pahdr ke andar andar jdtl hat. 

B. Rel gdn hardh^j" ( or satdn ) pdhdrer bhet^ir diye ]dy. 

24. I kept along the bank. 

H. Main daryd ke kindre kindre gqyd, 

B. Ami n^dir dhdr diye diye gelum, 


J 5. Tit for tat. 

H. Jaise ko taisd or Adle kd hadld. 

B. J^m2^n ke i^mz.n or Dhilti mdlle pdtkeltl khete hay. 


I. I intend to go there. I don't gamble. 

H. Hamdrd wahdh jdne kd irdda hat or Main wahdh 
jane ko hUh. MaihjU,d nahih khelld. 

B. Ami sekhdne ]d'b2i mz-ne kdJchchi, Ami iu,d kheli nd. 


2. One should spend according to one's income. 
H. yis kijitni dmadani ho utnd kharch kare. 

B. Ay bujhe b^y* kara uchit. 

3. He is quite a drunkard. He lias ruined his health by 


H. Wuh hard, matwdld hai. Us ne shardb pi pUkar apnl 
tandurustt khqrdb kar dl. 

B. St badd2L ( or bhdri ) mdtdl. . Mad kheye kheye se S2^rirtd 
nasi^ (or mdti) k^Jre pheleche. 

4. I have other books besides these. 

H. In kitdboh ke ^aldwa mere pas aur kitdbeh bhl ham. 
B. E b^.^iguli chhdrd dmdr dr-o bsij dchhe. 

5. He fell off his horse. 

H. Wuh ghore par se gir-gayd. 

B. Se ghord theke p^re g^h (or gesl^, ). 

6. I hope you will be made a Deputy Magistrate. 

H. Havi ko umid [Hin. dsrd"] hai ki dp Dipti ho-jd,ehge^ 
B. Avii dsd k?irt dpni DepuH Mejisfret h^^ye \dben. 

7. ThankSjf I hope so. 

H. Tumhdre muhh men ghl shakkar [Hin. gur^. 
B. Tonidr mukhe phul chajtn'in % p2J^uk. 

* C. S., vyay. 

t Vide note on page 10. 

X Prop., chandan. 


8. There is no need to say more. Do as you please. 

H. Aur kahne ki kuchh zurUrat nahth hai. Jo chdho 
(so) karo ( f ut. Jo chdhnd {so) karnd ). 

B. Ar kaihdv kdj ne,i. ]d ichchhe {hay) karz, (fut. 
^a'ra ). 

9. Have you an account with him ? 

H. Us ke sath kuchh hisdb kitdb rakhie ho ? 

B. Tdr saHge ki tomdr dend pd.ond { or tomdr len den ) 
dchhe ? 

10. . She has a very bad tooth-ache. 
H. Us ke ddhi men saklU dard hai, 

B. Tdr bhdrt ddht beid * ( or kan kan ) kz!chche, 

1 1 . Pray, can you tell me his address ? 

H. Mihrbdni [ Hin. kripd ] kar ke dp un kd paid batd sakte 
haih ? 

B. Ttni koihdy thdken { or Tdhr fhikdnd ki or Tdhr bdri 
kothd) ?Lnugr2ih2L kdJre b?i lie pdren } 

12. I have been absent 14 days. 

H. Maih^chaudah roz se ghair-hdzir huh. 

B. Ami chodd^. din ]d,i ni or Amdr chodd2, din kdmd^t 

13. Of what use will that be to me .^ 

H. Wuh mere kis kdm { ox/d.ide ) kd hogd ? 

B. Ete dmdr ki kdj ? or £ dmdr ki kdje dsbe (or Idgbe ) ? 

* C. S., vyatha. 


14. What is your advice in this affair ? Shall I mortgage 

ith share of my property ? 

H. Is kdm (or bdi or bdre) men tumhdrl kyd salah 
hail Kyd ham apni jdy-ddd kd chauihd hissa giro* 
rakheh ( or hissa rahn kareh ) ? 

B. E hisaye tomdr pardmars2^ hi } 01 E hisaye tumi ki 
hah ? Amdr sampzttir chdr and angs2L ki bdhdd ( or 
dand3.k ) dodz, ? 

15. Her age is. not more than 15 years. 

H. [/s ki *umr pandrah haras se ziydda nahih hai, 
B. Tar hayes /a»ara hachchh^rer hesi nay. 

16. What arrangement did you make with him ? 
H. Us se tum ne kyd hand hast kiyd thd ? 

B. Tar sange tumi ki handohast^. k^'rechhile ? 

17. He made me an allowance of 30 rupees. 
H. Us ne mujhe tts rUpai chhor diye. 

B. Tini dmdke tiris tdkd rehd^i (or chhere) diyechhiien, 

18. Besides salary, he gets an allowance of Rs. 75. 

H. Tankhwdh ke ^aldwa un ko pachhattdr rupiya hhattd 
piiltd hai. 

B. Marine chhdrd tini p2ih€hdtt2Lr tdkd hhdttd pdn. 

19. Have you got this year's almanac ? 

H. Tiimhdre pds is sdl kt jantrl [ Hin. sdl kd pattrd~\ hai ? 
B* Tomdr kdchhe ki e hach^rer ( or sdler ) pdhjt dchhe ? 

* C. S., giraw. 


20. What is the amount of your bill ? Calculate the in- 


H. Tumhdre kisdb ki kyd jama!^ * hai ? or Tumhdrd 
hisdh kitnd hai ? Sud kd hisdb karo, 

E. Tomdr kat2. tdkdr ^hiV ? Suder hiseb kar2L. 

^i. Rupees 9,549, annas nine and pies nine. 

H. Nau hazdr, pdn sau unchds rUpiya, paune das dna, 
B. Na hdjdr^ pdnsz. un2ipanchas tdkd, paune das and. 

:Z2. I have not even learned the alphabet as yet. 

H. Ah.tak main ne alif-he [ Hin. kakahrd ] bhi nahth parhl. 
B. AJ par] y3>n/2i ami ka-kha sikhi ni. 

123. Can you give me an answer to this question ? 

H. Is suwdl kdjawdh de-sakte ho ? 

B. Amdr e kathdr (or Ami \d jigges f kz!chchi idr ) uttzr 
(or jabdb ) dite pdrz. ? 

J84. There are 21 arches in the verandah. 

H. Bardmade men ikkls mihrdbeh haih. 


B. Bdnjiddy ekustd khilen dchhe. 

25. They deal in various articles. 

H. Wuh har qism ki chlzoh ki tijdrat ( or chizoh kd kdr-o- 
bdr ) karte haih. 

B. Tdnder ndndn rakd^m (or Tdhder rak2im rakdim) jiniser 
kdrbdr (or b^bsd) %. 

* C. S.,Jam\ 

t Vide note on page 29. 

i C. S., vyavasa. 



1 . Do you mean to attend the auction ? 

H. ITyd turn nll&m men tnaujQd rahna chdhit * ho} 
B. Apni ki nileme hajir ( or up?isthit ) thdkte chdn ? 

2. Who is the author of this book ? 

H. Is kitdb kd musanni/' [H'm. grant h-kartd"] kaun hai} 
B. E bz,,i khdni kdr Ukhd ( or iairi ) ? 

3. This fruit is sour, that is very bitter. 

H. Vih phal khattd hai, wuh hahut karwd hai. 

B. E phaltd tak, otd badd2i /^«/a. 

^ • • • • • 

4. Why are you so anxious for your younger brother ? 
H. Turn ko apne chhote bhd,i ki iinlfikr kyuh hai? 

B. Tomdr chhofz. bhaver jz.nye atz bhdbch2L kenSL? 

5. Can you account for this mistake ? 

H. Turn is gha/afj kd sabab bafd-sakte ^ ho? 
B. E bhultd kQn2i h^i'ls. ba.//e pdro. ? 

6. His salary was increased by Rs. 60. 

H. Sdfh rupai us ki talab men barhd-diye ga^e. 

B. Tdhr sat tdkd marine bere chhil2L (or marine bdriye 
de,oyd hdivechhildi). 

* Chdhtl, if the person spoken to be a female, 
t Saktt, if the person spoken to be a female. 


7. The enemy had advanced as far as Delhi. 
H. Dushman Dihli tak pahuhch-gdya iha, 

B. S2Jrup2ikkhera * dilli p2ir]y2in/2i ese pzrechhih.. 

8. I would advise you to wait a little. 

H. Mert saldh hai ki turn ^ara thahar-ja^o, 
B. 2.mi b2Lli (umi ektu apekkhd, f ^tfra. 

9. 1 i/em,) agree to what you {/em,) say. 

H. yo turn kahti ho so math mdnit (or qabul karii) hun. 

B. Tomar kathdy dm&r mat dchhe\oT.,,kathdy ami raji 
dchhi ). 

10. They allow 7 per cent, discount for ready money. 

H. Naqd khartd par wuh sat ft saSi (or sdt rupai 
saykrd ) 'kamishan ( or battd ) dete hath. 

B. IVag2Ld tdkdy tdrd satkard sdt tdkd chhere doy ( or 
.,.tdkd 'k2imisdn dey). 

11. It is now done and can't be altered. 

H. Abyih ho-chukd aur us kd hadalnd ( or aur us meh adal 
badal) nahih ho saktd. 

B. Y.kh2Ln e hd^ye gQchhe dr badldbdr \o ne^i, 

12. If you {/em.) know, why don't you answer ? 

H. Agar tumjdnti ho to jawdb kyUh nahih detih} 

B. Jdn^ /a b2ilch3, (or f///ar k^ichchd. or jabdb dichchz,) nd 
ken2i ? 

* C. S., iatrupakaera. 
t C. S., apeksa. 


1 5. (a) Do you approve of what I say ? (b) I would rather 

die than beg. 

H. (a) Meri hat turn ko pasand hat ? (b) Marnd qahul hat 
lekin bhikh mdhgnQ qabul nahin. 

B. (a) Ja bdiichi seta bhdl?^ bqdh kar2L ( or hay ) ki ? 
(b) Fran ]qy se.o bhdth.^ t2ibu bhikke * k2Jrte parbz. na. 

14. Let us now ascend the mountain. 
H. Ab ham pahdr par char hen, 

B. Chaisi ekh3in pdhdre uthige ( prop, uthi giye ). 

1 5. We were attacked by the enemy's cavalry. 

H. Dushnian ke risdle ne ham par hamla kiya [ Hin. 
chafha^l kt\ 

B. S^z.trup2ikkher f ghor sa,qydrerd dmdder k2ille. 

16. He never attempted to learn. 

H. Us ne sikhne ki kuchh koshish na ki. 
B. Se kakhdina. sekhbdr chestd kare ni. 

17. I have received notice to attend the court at 12. 

H. Mujhe kachahri men bar ah baje hdzir hone ki ititW 
milt hat. 

B. Bdr2Jdr s2jnay dddlate hdjir habdr ^notts' peyichi, 

1 8. And for this, should opium be abolished ? 

H. Aur isi bat ke liye afyiin [Hin. a/im] mauquf kar-di- 
jd,e ? 

B, Ar er'ij2Lnye bujhi dphim (or dphing) tule dite habe? 

* C. S., bhikqe. 

t Vide note on page 59. 


19- Don't argue with me.' Do what I say. Tear it up 

H. MujAse.6aAs (or hujjat) na karo. Jo (or jaisa) main 

kahun waisa karo. Is ko phar do ( or dalo ). 
B. 2mar sange tark^ ^aVa na. J« b^'n ^^^. ^,^ 
cnhihre phth. 



ia) He is still a bachelor, (b) He has no common 



H. (a) Us ne ab iak shadl nahin ki or Wuh ab tak kuhwara 

hat. (b) Us ko ma'mmi samajh ndhlh hai. 
B. (a) 7««r ^kh^n-o {or aj p,r\nnt,.,o) biye hay ni or 

Ttm^kh^„.oa,ibur^achhen. (b) Tar buddht hcddhi 
kichhu ne,i. 

The soldiers departed this morning with their 

H. Sipaht aj/ajr (or sawere) apna asbah le^kar chah 
ga,e {or.. Je-kar chalte (or rawana) hu,e), 

B. Sainikera jinis patter {ox asbab pair a) niye aj sakale 
(or sakalb^lay ) chz.le gechhe. 

What is the balance of my account } 
H. Mere hisab ka kya (or kitna) baqaya hai} 
B. Amar hisebe baki kaiz. ? 

23. Open this bale of cotton. 

H. Ru,i ka gattha kholo. 
B. Tutor gahtta kholz.. 

* Bag and baggage=H. boHyU bis far ; B- ^a//)t ^ai/>a. 


24. He is lately become a bankrupt. 

H. Wuh thore dinoh se diwdliya ho-gaya hai, 

B. Hale ( or sampr2L/i ) fini de.ult k^'yechhen, 

25. 23 barrels of coal tar will do. 

H. Te,is pipd alqaira kafi [Hin. bos'] hogd, 

B. pipe dlkO/rd k^'le^i hahe. 


1. Put these things in a basket.* 

H. In chlzoh ko ek tokre men rakkho. 

B. E,i jinisguli tktd dhdmdy (or jhordte) rdkh^L [h. 

2. He wears a very long beard. 

H. Us ki ddfhl (also ddrhi) hahut Iambi hai. 
B. Se khub lambd ddrt rekheche, 

3. What benefit will you derive from this ,? 
H. Turn ko is se kyd/d,ida hogd ? 

B. EU tomdr ki Idbh ( or upz,kdr ) habe ? 

4. I have been 24 years in Bengal. 

H. Main Bangdle men chaubis baras se huh. 

B. Bdngld dese dmi chsibbis bachchh2^r ( dh2!re ) dchhi. 

* A sma basket =H. tokrt ; B. dkanii, jjturit chengarl. 


5. Bring your bill on Tuesday, I'll pay it. 

H. Mangal ko apnl * hil ' Idna^ math rupai de-duhgd, 
B. Msingdiiddr tomar ^ HI ' ntye es2i, tdkd dob2i. 

6. By the blessing of God I'm better. 

H. Khudd kt fazl [Hin. Parmeswar ki dqyd] si main 
paAie se achchhd * hiih, 

B. Issarer t ( or bhag2Lbdner ) kripdy dmi dgekdr cheye 
bhdlz. dchhi. 

7. {a) Fix a bolt on the window, {b) The dining 

room is to be white-washed. 

H. ( a ) Khirki men chhitkani lagd^o. (b) Khdne ke kamre 
men qala^i pherl jd^egi ( or men chUnd pherdjd,egd ). 

B. (a) Jdnldy ekfd chhitkini ehte (or Idgiye) dd.o, 
( b ) (Khdnd) khdhdr ghartd chunkdm karate ( or 
ghartd k^li phxrote ) habe, 

^. Pour this oil into a bottle. 

H; Is tel ko ek botal men dhdlo. 
B. Teltd ekfd boMe ( or sisite ) dhdl2i. 

9. Bows and arrows were formerly used in war. 

H. Tlr our kamdn pahle lardfyoh mehkdm die the. 
B. Age (or sekdle) \uddhe itr dhznuk bebhdr { ^a'/a. 

* Ackchhit if the speaker be of the female sex. 
t C. S., iivarer. 
X C. S., vyavahar. 


lo. That tree has many branches. 

H. Us darakht ki hahut si ddliydn haih. 
B. Ai gdchhtir anekguli ddl {paid) dchhe. 

II.' It is wrong to give or take a bribe. 

H. Rishwat [Hin. ghUhs^^ kd dend aur lend donoti hurd 

B. Ghus de,oyd hd ne^oyd ( also khd^oyd ) ( du,i,i ) anydy.. 

12. I have seen both the bridegroom and bride. 

. H. Main ne dulhd aur dulhan (or dulhin) donoh ko dekhd 
( hai). 

B. Ami bar k2ine duj2inke4 dekhichi. 

13. He has a horse but no bridle nor whip. 

H. Us ke pds ghord hai, magar lagdm aur chdhuk 

B. Tdhr ghord dchhe kintu Idgdm kimbd chdhuk ne,t. 

'' 14. He is by trade a broker. 

H. Us kd pesha dalldlt hai or Wuh dalldli kar ke khdtd 

B. Ddldll.i tdr h^hsd * or ^S*^ ddldll kz.'re khdy. 

15. How much will be the brokerage ? 

H. Ava dalldli lagegt (or hogl) ? 
B. Ddldll ka/Si Idgbe ( or pd^rbe ) ? 

* Vide last note on page 57. 


16. We sat on the bare ground. 
H. Ham khali zamln par baithe. 

B. Amrd sudhu bhuhyete (or Amrd 2i?nni rfidtiie) bz.shim, 

17. (a) Before he was blind of one eye only, now he^ is 

quite blind, (b) He fell on his face. 

H. (a) Pahle to wuh kdnd hi thd, ab bilkul andhd ho-gayd. 
(b) Wuh jnithh ke bal gird. 

B. (a) Age se kdnd chhilz. ( or Age se ekti chokhe dekhie 
pet2i),Qkh2in se ^kebdre andhdi h?Lye g^chhe (or Qkhditt 
tar dutl chokh'i gtchhe). (b) Se mtikh thubre p2Cre 
ge/3. (or gechhl2i), 

18. This razor is totally blunt * and is covered with rust, 

H. Yih us turd [Hin. chhurd^ bard kund [ Hin. bhchthrd] 
hat, aur us men zang bhard hil,d hai. 

B. Khur t khdnd ^kebdre bhohtd, dr nid^rche dhard ( or 

19,^ What colour shall I make it, black, white, red, green, 
brown, blue, golden, violet, or yellow .? 

H. Us ko kis rang men ranguhj siydh [Hin. kd/d], sufed 
[Hin. uj7d], surkh [Hin. tdl], sabz [Hin. hard], 
bhurd (or bdddmi), dsmdni (or nild) J, sunahrd, 
baignt.yd zard [ Hin. pild ] ? 

B. Etd ki rang kzJrbz., kdiz., sddd, Idl, szbuj, katd ( or 
bdddmt), nil, sondli, beguni, nd hdilde^ 

* Sharp=H. tez ; B. dharala.. 

t C. S., kaur. 

X Asmatii =sky blue; »I/a=sdark blue; /r<?05,r=turquoise blue. 



20. He is now very busy. I too have some work at hand. 

H. Is waqt imh kam men luge hu.t * haih. Main bhi 
hajhd hu,d hiih, 

_ ■ ^ 

B. YMsin tint baiyi {kaje) bes/s. f (achhen). Amar-o hat j or a. 

2\. This clog barks at every body. 

H. Yih kutta har shakhs par hhauhkid hai. 

B. E kukurtd lok dekhle,i ghe^u ghe.u hare (or 
ghe.u kdJre deke othe ). 

22. I saw many people bathing in the Ganges. 

H. Main ne bahut ddmiyoh ko Gangd men nahdie dekhd. 

B. Anek lokke Gangdy ndMt dekhlum or Anek lok Gangdy 
chdn k^chche d.ekhlum. 

23. I beg your pardon for what I have done. 
H. Merd qusur mu'df kijiye. 

B. Ja kzrifhi map ( or khamd %) k^rben. 

24. I don't believe what, he says. He^s a regular thief. 

H. Us ki bdt par ham ko yaqln [ Hin. ^/Vwoj] nah'th 
dtd. Wuh pakkd chor hai. 

B. Tdr kathd dmi bissds § ^a// nd. Se pdkd chor. 

* Lag'i hu,l haih, if the subject be feminine. The verb is plural here 
for respect. 

t C. S., vyasta, 

X C. S., kaama. 

§ C. S., viavas. In Bengali a consonant joined with v andjK sounds 
like itself doubled, except when it begins a word or the second part of a 
compound word. 


25. Why should you {/em.) blame me ? She is to blame. 

H. Turn mera qusur kjuit thahrdiil ho} Us ka qusur hai. 
B. Amdr dos dichch?i ^e«a ? or A mar hi dos? Tdt-i dos. 


1 . I am short of money, from whom can I borrow ? 

H. Ajkalmerd hath tang (or khali) hai, kis se qarz 
[ Hin. udhdr ] luh ? 

B. Amdr tdkdr tdndtdm\ kdr kdchhe (or kcUhh theke) dhdr 
k2iri ( or kard ]dy)? 

2. (<^) I can't breathe. ( d) Take the medicine every 

four hours. 

H. (a) Main sdhs nahih Ic-saktd. (b) Char char ghnnte 
par yih dawd piyo. 

B. (a) Ami nisses * tdnte (or nite) pdrchi m\ (b) Osudhtd 
chdr ghantd antz.r khe^o [ h. khdhen ]. 

3. Burn this waste paper. 

H. Is raddi kdghaz ko jald-do. 

B. E hdje kdgytdjdliye f dd,o ox E ddarkdri kdgykhdnd 
puriye ph^h. 

* C. S., niivas. See last note on page 6^. 
t C. S.^ jvaliye. 


4. My grandson * was born before your nephew. f 
H. Afera pota tumhdre bhattje se pahle paidd huM. 

B. Amdr ndti tomdr hhdupo habdr age J2^nmechhe. 

5. Awake me at jiawn. 

H. Mujh ko tarke jagd.o {ox jagdnd). 

B. Khub sakdle { or bhote ) dmdke jdgiye ( or tttle ) (ii,o, 

6. On Wednesday the soldiers pitched + their camp near 


H. Budh ko sipdhiyoh ne apnd khaima (or tambu or derd ) 
Bardtvdn ke pas (or qarib) lagdyd (or khard kiyd %). 

B. Budhbdr din sainyerd Badd2^mdner kdchhf (or nikate) 
tdhbu phelechhil2L.X 

7. The wages of China carpenters § are Rs. 2 a day. 
H. Chinl mistiriyoh ki mazdurl do rUpai roz hai. 


B. CAine mistirider du tdkd k2.'re roj. 


Son's son — H. pota ; B. nati or pauttra. Son's^daiighter=H. pott ; 
B. natnt or pauttri. Daughter's son— H. nawasa or nati ; B. nati or 
dauhitra. Daughter's daughter «=» H. nawasi or natnl ; B. natnl or 

t Brother's (or cousin brother's) son=H. bhatija; B. bhai-po. 
Brother's daughter=H. bhatiji ; B. bhaUjhi. Sister's son =H. bhanjd \ 
B. bhagne. Sister's daughter=H. bhanjt ; B. bhagni. 

% To strike tent=H. tambu uthana (or gira dena) ; B. tahbu tola 
(or tule phela), 

$ Lit. H. barha,t ; B. chhutor tnistr'i. 


S. Do you know the cause of the Sepoy ^Mutiny ? 

H. Ap ko ghadr kd sahah * ma!'lum hai^ 
]i. Sipdhi hidroher kdt'Tai ki jdnen ? 

9. Place the chain in the centre. 

H. Zanjir ko bich men baithd do. 
B. S iklitd mdjhkhdne basd,o. 

10. [a) Take a chair and sit down, {b) Don't spit on 

the floor. 

H. (a) Kisi kurst par baithiye. (b) Zamin par mat thuko, 

Vi. (a) E^ khdnd cheydr niye (or Une^ bTiSun (or b^ise 
p2Lrun). (h) Mejhey thuihu phelo nd. 

1 1 . He is gone to ^Madras for change of air. 

H. Hawa badalne ke live wuh Madrds gayd hai. 

li. Tini Mddrdje hd,oyd badldte ( or pdltdte ) gtchhen. 

12. ia) He bears an excellent character. (^) What an 

excellent decision ! 

H. (a) i'^s kd chdl-chalan bahtit (or nihdyat) achchhd hai. 
(b) Wdh ! kyd 'umda tajwiz hai. 

B. 7ar r^anV/a {ox sabhdb \) khub bhdl^ (or cham2itkdr), 
(b) Ki sun tar birhdr-i h^Jyeche ! 

* PI. asbab=causes. Asbab as singular=baggage or furniture, 
t C. S., svabhav. 


13. (a) I have known him since his childhood, (b) He's 

very obstinate. 

H. (a) Mam inheh (or in ko) larakpan se janta huh. 

(b) Wuh bara ztddi hat. 
B. (a) 2mi ehke chhelebdd theke chini (or jdni), (b) Se 

bhdri ekguhye. 

14. They all sat in a circle. 

H. Wuh sab halqa [ Hin. ghera ] bah ih-kar baithe. 
B. Tdra sak2ile gol h2Cy€ b^i's/^,. 

15. He received us with great civility. 

H. [/s ne hamdri bahut kh%tir (or a,o-bhagat) kt. 

B. Se dmCider bes dddir 2ibhy2irth2^nd k2irechhil2i or Tini 
dmdder khub khdtir \atn2i k^rechhilen. 

16. Some people drove in coaches, others went on foot. 
H. Ba^'ze gdrl men sawar ho-kar ga^e, ba^ze paidal. 

B. Ke^u bd gdrl (or ^a'/'^) ^^/a, ke^u bd pdye hehte.. 

17. Calcutta is the chief seat of commerce. 
H. Kalkatta sauddgari ki bari mandi hai. 

B. K2ilkdtd b^bsd * bdnijyer f pr^^dhdn ( or khan ) jdygd. 

18. I have no companion. I'm alone. Give it to him 


H. Mef'd ko,l sdthl nahth {hai). Maih akeld hun. Yih 
sir/ usi [ h. unhth ] ko dend. 

B. Amdr ke.u S2ihgi ne.i. Ami ek/d. Iti kebdil (or sudhu 
or khdli) take.i di,o. 

* Vide last note on page 57. 

t Pronounced banijjer : vide last note on page 6G. 


19. There is no comjjarison between him and you. 

H. Us ko turn se ko,i nisbat nah'th or, idiontaticallv. Kahah 
wuh kahah turn ? 

B. Tar sange iomar tulz.ndd hay nd or, idiomatically, Se 
ki dr tumi ki ? 

20. ( a ) Babu sends his compliments to you. ( 3 ) Call 

the Babu in. 

H. (a) Ftildh babu dp ko saldm kahte ha in. (b) Bdbii ko 
merd saldm kaho. 

B. (a) Kmuk [ v. phalnd ] bdbu dpndr sange d^khd k2irle 
esechen. (b) Bdbutike dste bal2i. 

21. Our correspondence has now ceased. 

H. Ham donah ke darmiydn khatt kiidbat \ Hin. chitthl 
chapdti ] ab band ho-ga^t. 

B. Amdder chiihi patr2i lekhd tkh2in uthe (or bandhz. ha' ye) 

22. He has a very bad cough- He coughs all night. 

H. Cs ko sakht khdhsl hai. Wuh rdt bhar khans id rah fa 

B. 7ar bhaydn^ik kdsi hdiyeche. Se sdrd rdt kdse. 

23. {a) I have no objection to allow you 3 months' credit. 

{b) It is a lame * excuse. 

H. (a) Hameh turn ko tin mahlne ke ivdste udhdr dene 
?neh ko,i 'uzr nahm. (b) Yih to muhmal f '^uzr hai. 

B. (a) Ton dke tin mdser J2inye dhdr dite dmdr kona dp^itti 
nej. (b) Etd bdje Oj'sir. 

* Lit., H. langrd ; B. khonra. 
i Lit., absurd -B. asangata. 


24. There was a great crowd of people. 

H. Wa/ian logon ki harl hhif^thi. 

B. Sekhane loker badddi hhir h2iyechhil2i or Sekhane anek 
(or mela)* lok jama (or Jara.) h^Lvechhih. 

25. These articles are, I think, cheap. 

H. Mere khiydl (C. S., khaydl) mehyih chlzeh sastl haih. 

B. E jinisguli sastd hoih h^'chche { or... sas/d bzle msLfte 


1. (tf) This new t cloth is very coarse. (^) This coat 

does not fit me. This is too tight loose. 

H. (a) Yih kord t kaprd hard moid hai. (b) Yih 'kof 
mujh ko (or kot mere badan par ihik) nahth did, 
Fih bahut tang (or kasd hu.d ) hai dhlld hai. 

B. (a) E kordf kdp^rtd barsi motd. J^h) E 'kof dmdr 
gdye thik hay nd. Etd bhaydn^k kasd — dhile. 

2. I'he common people speak thus. 
H. 'Am log aisd kahie hath. 

B. Sddhdr^Lfi loke e,i kathd hale ( or b^ile thdke ). 

3. He is fit for this work. 13 months' pay is due to him. 

H. Wuh is kdm ke Id^iq hai. Us ki terah mahine ki fa lab 
hdql (or charhi hu,i) hai. 

B. Se e kdjer upz]uki2L. Tdr ter^L mdser md,ine pd.ond. 

* M^la, noun, means 'fair' ; H. mela. 

t Kora, new, i.e., fresh from the loom and unbleached. 


^. Do you know the current price of linseed oil ?* 

H. Tumheh tisi ke tel ka bhd,o (or nirkh : bazar) ma^lum hat} 
B. Aj kal mysur (or /isi'r) teler hajar dar kiJdn^L ? 

5. 1 must change my clothes. Has the tailor brought 

my new suit ? 

H. Mujh ko kipfi had line ch&hiyeh. Darzt mere ticue 
kapre layd ? 

B. Amdke kdpxr ( ch(p\r ) chhdrte habe. Ddirji (or ostdgar) 
ki d7idr n^/un "sut'td eneche ( or niye eyeche ) t 

6. Your charges seem terribly high. 

H. Tumhdrd ddni bahut ziydda ma'lum hotd hai. 
H. Tonidr dar badd?i chard or To mar dekhchi gala kdtd\dar. 

7. I'm not overcharging ; ask where you like. 

H. Math ziydda ddm nahih mahgtd ; jahdh chdhiye piichk- 

H. Ami iesi dam n'chehini\ \ekhdne khust (or ichchhe) 
dpni JiggesX kab.n. 

8. ia) He conquered the whole country, (b) I've no 

power to run. 

H. (a) Us ne sdre miilk kofath kar liyd [ Hin. Jil Iiyd\. 
{\y) Mujh men daiirne ki tdqat nahih (hai). 

B. (a) rini .ra/z/a^/a destd jay k^,rechhilen. (bj Amdr 
daiird^bdr ( or chhoibdr ) kham^la § ne.i- 

* Castor oil=H. arandi ka tel \ B. rerir or bherenda tel. 
t Gala ka 5, lit., throat-cutting. 
X Vide note on page 29. 
§ C. S., knamata. 


9. Let us consult upon this subject. 

H. Ajiye is bare men salah kareh. 
B. Asun e hisaye ^kta pardmarsa (or \nkti) kard ]ak. 

10. How much indigo will this chest contain ? 
H. Is peti men kitnd nil ategd ? 

B. E stnduke kat2i nil dh^Crbe (or dhtbe) ? 

11. {a) Correct all the mistakes, [b] Take a copy of the- 


H. (a) Sab ghalahyoh ko durust karo. (b) Dasl-divez kr 
ek naql le-lo. 

B. (a) iSa;«aj/a bhulgulo sudhre dd^o. (b) D^lli khdndr 
ekid nak2il nd,o. 

12. The sugar is full of sand. 
H. Chlni men bdlu bharl hai. 

B. Chinifd bdlite bhard or Chinitdy bhaydn'^k bait. 

13. {a) We crossed the canal easily, [b) Towards the- 

south-east there was a bridge. 

H. (a) Ham dsdnl se nahr (ke) pdr ga,e. (b) Dakhan-- 
purab kl taraf ek pul thd. 

B. (a) Amrd sahzje.i (or andydse,i ) khdl pdr h^Hum.. 
(b) D2ikkhin * pub dike ekfl sdhko ( or pol^ chhil^. 

14. Why are you afraid ? there is no danger. 

H. Kyuh darte ho } kuchh andesha [Hin. bhay klbdf\ nahln.. 

B. Bhdy kdichch?^ ( or pdchch^. ) kens. ? kom, bhayer kdrTiii 
ne,i (or kon^ bipSid habe nd). 

* C. S., daksin. 


15. What is the date of his telegram ? 

H. Un ke tar ki kaunsi tdrlkh hat ? or Un ka tar kis tartkh 
kd hai ? 

B. Tdnr kabekdr (or kon tdrtkher) tar ? 

16. It is dated ist — 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 19th, 20th. 

H. Pahll itdrikh kt) — dusri, tisri, chauthi, pdhchwih, 
chhathi, sdtwlh, unniswih, biswin, 

B. Payld tdrikher — Josrd^ tesrd, chautho^ pdhchui, 
chhdihvui, sdtuhi, unise, bise,,,, 

17. The statements of both the plaintiff and the defendant 

were heard. 

H. Mudda'l {ox /aryddi) aur rnuIda'd-Uilaih donoh ke i%hdr 
sum ga^e. 

B. Bddi prztibddi dti^i p2ikkher-i * barm.nd (or ejehdr) sona 

18. The king f wore a crown set with pearls and diamonds. 

H. Bddshdh ek tdj pahne thdjis men moti aur hi'^e jare the. 
B. Rdjd hire mukto niord (or basdn2L) ekti 7n2ituk p2Lrc- 

19. How have you made the paper so dirty.'* You are very 


H. Turn ne U kdghaz ko kyuhkar it ltd maild kar-di)^ } 
Turn bahut be-parivd ho. 

B. Kdgy khdnd ki ( or ^ewa« ) kdi're e/a may J a ( or 
nongrd ) k^Crle ? Tumi bardi asdbdhdn. 

* C. S., pakser. 

t Queen=H. malika; B. rani. Kingdom=^H, badshahat \ B. raj 


20. I dreamt a very bad dream last night. 
H. Rat main ne ek hahut bur a khwah dekha. 

Vi. Kal rat tire ek hhdrl khardp (or ku) sapdin * dekhichi. 

21. Have you a match on you? I want to light my cigar. 

H. Ap he pas diyd-saldj hai} Main churut sulgdnd 
chdhtd huh. 

Vt. Aptidr kdchhe desdldj dchhe ? Ami churuttd dhardh2i, 

22. (a) It is doubtful whether he will come or not. 

( /j ) He has doubtless done this. 

H. (a) Us ke dne na dne men shakk hai. (b) Be-shakk 
vih usi kd kdm hai, 

B. (a) Se dsbe ki nd idr thik ne,i. (b) E nischay tdr-i kdj. 

23. They spend their time in singing and dancing. f He 

shirks work. 

H. Wuh apnd ivaqt ndchne gdne men kdtte (or basar karte) 
haih. Wuh kdm se jl churdtd hai(\\\., steals his mind). 

H. Tdrd neche geyeJ sdimay kdfdy [h, tdhrd...kdfdn'\. Se 
kd'e phdhki dey. 

24. It is said that some animals can digest iron. J 

H. Kahte haih ki ba'z jdmvar lohd hazm kar-sakte [ Hin. 
pachd sakte^\ haih. 

V>. Sond ]dy konz. kotidi Jd^ntu (or Jdnoydr) 7id ki lohd 
( kheye ) haJ2^m k^Crte pdre. 

* C. S., svapan or svapna. 
t Indians generally say 'dancing and singing'. 

X Wrought iron=H. pi^a hu,a loha ; B. pe-a loha. Cast iron= 
H. dhala hu,a loha ; B. dhala loha. 


25. I'm npw out of employment. Can you lend me about 

Rs. 50 ? 

H. AJ kal main hekar ( haithd ) hUh, Ap mnjh ko koj 
( or andazan ) pachas riipai qarz de sakte haih } 

B. Amar ^kJiTin (or dj kdl) kon2L kdj kamt?i2i* tie, i {or 
Ami Qkhzn bekdr bdJse dchhi). Amdke gotd pafichas 
' fdkd dhdr dite pdfen ? 


1. This note wants vour endorsement. 

H. Is "nof par dp ke dast-khatt^ hi zururat hai. 
B. E hundite dpndr s2L.i cM,i ( or darkdr ). 

2. He has experience in business. 
H. Us ko kdr-o-bdr kd tajriba hai. 
B. Se kdr kdrbdr bes jane sone, 

3. Tell me the exact sum I owe you. 

H. Batd^iye main dp kd thlk kitnd dhdttd huh or Thik 
batdAye mere zimme dp kd kitnd qarz (or bdqi) hai. 

B. Thik kaidi fdkd dpndr dhdri b2Llun. 

4. I have some business there this afternoon. 

H. Aj iisre pahar ko hameh ivahdh kuchh kdm hai. 

B. Aj bikele (or bikelbtld) sekhdfte dvidr ektu bat at 
(or kdj) dchhe. 

* r/ 

Vide note on page 15. 


5. He has a large family. He's a Brahmin by caste. 

H. L^» kd bard kumba hai. Wuh zat he Barahman haih. 

B. Tdhr masi^. (or b2ihu) pz.ribdr. Tint jdte brdhm2Ji (or 

• - 

6. Next Monday there will be a feast at my house. 

H. Ayanda pir [ Hin. somwdr^ ko mere yahdh ziydfat 
{hone-ivdli) hai [Hin. khdnd (hone-wdld) hai\ 

B. Asche sotnbdr dmdder bdriie khd,oydn dd,oydn dchhe. 

7. (d:) He is a foreigner.* \^b) He's gone to a foreign 


H. (a) Wuh pardesl hai, (b) Wuh pardes gayd hai. 
B. (a) Se ^kjz.n bidesl lok. (b) Se bides g^chhe. 

8. I warn you this time ; take care, don't do so in future. 

H. Math is daf^a tumheh taniblh kar-detd [ Hin. child.e 
deid'\ huh, dyanda {ox phir)yih kdm na karnd, 

B. Ebdr tomdy sdbdhdn (or sat2^rki) k2ire dilum, dekh^ 
bhdibisyate dr ]en2L em2in kdj nd hay, 

9. I'm very much fatigued with swimming. 

H. Math iairte iairie ihak-gayd, 

B. Sdhtdr kete dmi bar^L kldnt^. h'^'yechi or Sdhtdr diye ami 
badd2L hdhpiye gechhi (or pzrichi), 

10. You go now% I'll follow. 

H. Turn dge jd,Oj main ptchhe se did hUh, 
B. Tumi Qkh2in ']d,o, dmi pare )dchchi. 


A stranger=H. ajnabl (or ghair or upri) adnii ; B. apairichitu 
(or achena or ajana) lok. 


11. Is this cup made of gold, silver, brass, copper, lead or 

zinc ? 

H. Yih piydla sone kd hai, yd chdhdi kd, yd plfal hd.jd 
tdhbe kd, yd sise kd,j'd \aste kd ? 

15. E bdtitd sondr, rupor, peMer^ tdhhdr^ siser, nd dasidr ? 

12. Who is the guardian of this child ? 
H. Is Idrke kd murahhl kaun hat} 

B. £ chheletir ^bhibhdbdik ke ? 

13. (jrind this wheat* in the mill. 
H. Chakki men yih gehuh piso. 

B. E gam gulo \dhtdy p€S2i, 

14. 1 caught a fish with a rod.f 

H. Main ne ek machhli chhlp se pakrt. 

B. Ami chhipe kdJre Gktd mdchh dh^^rechhilum, 

15. I'll come to you after an hour or so. 

H . Ek ddh ghante ke b'ad main iumhdre pas d,uhgd, 

B. Ghantdkhdnek (or ghantatdk) paj-e (or bdde) tomdr kdchhe 

16. To err is human. 

H. Admi se bhul chiik ho hi jdti hai or Insdn ghalati se 
bach nahih saktd. 

B. Afdnus mdirer-i bhul hay (or ^a j'^ ihdke). 

17. His wound has now almost healed up. 
H. Us kd zakhm (or ghd.d) ab bhar dyd hai, 

B. Tar ghd ^kh^^n prdy sere (or pure or bhdlTi h^ye) eyeche. 

• Barley=H. jau ; B. ]ab. 

t Hook=H. kail* a or bans'i ; B. bdiiirit. 


1 8. The washerman * is drying the clothes in the sun 
H. Dhobi kapre dhap men siilihd (or sukhld) rahd hat. 
B. Dhopd (or dhohd) kdp^r chopzr rode sukuie diyeche. 

19. Last Friday he was hanged for murdering two men. 

H. Guzashta jum'a [ Hin. shuknvCir'^^ ko use do ddmiyrh ke 
khun karne ke jurm par phdhsl hfij, 

H. Duj?in lokke khun kardr d'Mun ^<,^e a sukkurhdr tar 
phdmt h^ye gQche, 

20. Have you seen the accounts of imports and exports ? 
H. Turn ne dmadani aw raft a til kd hisdh dekhd ? 

B. Amddni raptdnir hiseb ki tumi dekhech^i ? 

21. How long have you been in India? Xot long I 

suppose ? 

H. Turn kitne dinoh se Hin tustdn men ho ? Bahut dinoh 
se to nah'th ? or Shlvad bahut din nahih hii.e hohcre ? 


B. Tumi Bhdr2itbarse katz. din dchhdi ? Best (or dher) din 
nay bodh hay ? 

22. For several davs we have had incessant rain. 


H. Aa,/ din se lagd-tdr pant bar as rahd hai, 

B. Kadin dhz!re an2ibar2it2i bristi h^^chche or Kadin dh^'re 

• • • • 

bristi leged dchhe. 

2X. Is what I sav correct or incorrect.'* 

H. Jo kuchh main kahtd huh sahth hai yd ghalat^ ? 

B. Ami ]d b^lchi td thik nd bhut ? or Amdr kathd thik 
ki nd} 

• Washer\\'oman=H. dhobi n ; B. dhopanl. 


24. My watch is true to the gun. 
H. Merl ghari top se milt hu,i hai. 

B. Amar gh^rl toper sange thik dchhe (or \achche). 

25. 2\ Rs. will not be sufficient, you must give me at 

least 3iRs. 

H. Paune tin rupai se kdm nahlh chalegd, turn ko ham se 
kam sdrhe tin rupai dene parehge. 

B. Paune tin tdkav kul^be nd (or tdkdy dkuldn habe)^ 
ant3j2uk {or niden) sdre tin tdkd dite hale (or idkd 
de.oyd chd^i). 


1 . {a) Shall I introduce you to him ? {b) He is very 

kind to me. 

H. (a) Kyd ham ttimheh ( or tutn ko) un se ? 
(b) Wuh ham par bahut mihrbdn hath. 

B. (a) Tdhr sange ki tomdr dldp (or p2irichay) kdcriye 
dobz. ? (b) Tint dmdr op2,r khub saday or Amdr pr2iti 
tdhr khub dinugr2ihdi (or dayd). 

2. (a) His joy knew no bounds, {b) She was out of her 

senses with joy. 

H. (a) Us ki kkushi ki ko,i hadd na thi. (b) Wuh khtishl 
he mare ape se hahar ho-ga^i. 

B. (a) Tar alldder * (or dnander) dr simd rzitz, nd. 
(b) Se dlldde * dr chokhe kdne dekhte pele nd. 

C. S., ahlad—joy 


3. Who has put out the lamp ? Light it again. 

H. Kis ne raushni bujhd (or gul kar) di? or Kis ne 
chiragh bujhd diyd ? Phir jald-^o, 

B. Ke alo{ td) nihtile (or nihiye diyeche) ? Pherjele * dd^o^ 

4. This writing is not legible. I can't guess the 


H. Vih likhdj f P^^t^i nahihjdii. Ham is ke kuchh m<r?n 
samajh nahth sakte: 

1^, E lekhd para (or p^Jrie pdrd^ \dy nd. Ami er mane 
thdyoraie (or hujhe uthte) pdchcki ni. 

5. (a) Is this package heavy or light } (3) Fill up the 

holes in the wall. 

H. (a) Yih hojh hhdri ( or ivazni ) hai yd halkd ? 


(b) Di7var ke siirdkhoh ko bhar do, 

B. (a) E bojhd (or motytd bhdri nd hdlkd (or hdlki) ? 
(b) D^ler chhthdd (or gartiz. ; phokd^f) gulo bujiye da,o. 

6. ia) Is this pistol % loaded ? {b) Sita Ram rose from a 

sepoy to a subedar. 

H. (a) Yih pisiaul bhardhai^. (bj Slid Ram sipdhl se 
subaddr ho-gayd, 

H. (a) E pistaltdiki) guli bhard^. (^bj Slid Rdm (sdmdfiyTi) 
sepd^i theke siibdddr (p2Lriy2in/2i) hdiyechhilen. 

* C. S.,jve/e. 

f Likha,t also means 'money paid for writing'. 

X Gun, H. banduq \ B. battduk. Cannon, H. top \ B. top or kanmn. 
Gun-powder, H. barud or harut \ B. barud. Gunner, H. topchi \ 
B. goldindaj. I^arrel, H. mdl ; B. «a/t or chungi. Shot, H. cMiarra ; 
B. chha^ra or ckhi-e giili. Gun-stock, H. banduq ka kunda ; B. baiiduker 
kuiido. Cock, H. banduq ka ghor a \ B. bixnduker ghora. Cartridge, H. 
kartUs or font a : B. tofa. 


7. .1 have a bad memory. I * forget everything. 

H. Meri ydd hahut kharah hat. Main har ek hat hhul 
jdtd * huh, 

B. Amdr sar2.ns2ikH f barz, kam. Ami sab kathd bhule 
\d^i or Amdr konz. kathd m2Lne thdke nd, 

8. Are you fond of music } This tune is very sweet. 

H. Tum ko rdg hdjd sunne kd shauq hat} Vih rag hahut 
achchhd hai, 

B. Tumi (kt) gdn bdjnd bhdtz. bdsz. ? or Tomar ki gdti 
bdjndr sakh dchhe ? E stir khdni (or //, not td J) 
harSL misti. 

■9, He is a native of Bengal. § Bengal is her native 

land. He is a native hater. Urdu is my mother 

H. Wuh Bangdle kd rahne-wdld hai. Bangdla us kd wot tin 
[Wm. janam-bhumi ; des 1 hai. Wuh Hindustdniyoh 
(or deslyon) se nafrat karte haih. Urdu meri mddarl 
zabdn hai. 

B. Se Bdngld deser lok, Bdngld tar janm2,-sthdn (or 
des). Tini disl lokke ghennd (prop, ghrina) karen. 
Urddu dmdr mdtribhcisd. 


If the speaker be of the feminine sex, y5^i should be used. But 
Ham har ek bat hhul j ate hain will do for either sex. In Bengali there is 
no such distinction. 

t C. S., smaransakti. 

X When an object is to be expressed with pity, affection or approba- 
tion, the enclitic particle tl is generally affixed to its name, and when with 
indifference or disregard, ta is affixed. Occasionally the use of fa implies 
the idea of greatness, admiration, and even of pity. 

§ An 'East Bengal man' is called in H. purbi Bangali', in B. baii,£^al\ 
a 'villager' in H. dihatl, in B. paragehye lok. 


10. Don't talk nonsense. That's all nonsense. 

H. Fuziil (less polite, 7vahiydl) mat hako; Bilkul wahiyat 

B. Baje (or \a to) />a7'a na. O sab bdje kathd or ^S"^ k ^;/a 
kdjer kathd nay. 

11. Oranges now sell at i6 a rupee. What fruits are 

in season now ? 

H. Ndrangivdh ah rupiya ki solah * milti hath. Katin 
kaiin mewe dj kal milte haih ? 

B. Kamld nebu (or lebu) dj kdl tdkdy sol'^td (^a'/'^ hikk in 
hdichche). Aj kdl ki ki phal pd,oyd jdy ? 

12. (a) Are these planks for sale ? (b) This is the season- 

for sowing seed. 

H. (a) Kydyih takhte bikrl ke haih ? (b) Vih blj bone ka 
mausirn hai. 

B. (a) E taktd gtmo (ki) bikkiri ? (b) Esi bij honbdr ssimay^ 


13. What will be the postage } Is there any letter for 

me .'^ 

H. Is kd kyd mahsul hogd} Mere ndm kd ko,i khatt^ dyd hai?- 
or Merd koJ khatt hai ? 

B. {Ddk) mdsul kat^. p2i.rbe (or Idgbe) ? Amdr {ndme) kon?^ 
chiti dchhe ? 

• Solah tho is not correct. The particle tho, however, is incorrectly 
used in Bengal only ; as, ek tho, do tho, etc. In Bengali we say e/fe/5,. 
dufo, ttnfe, chart e, panchfa, chhata, etc. 


34. (a) Let me feel your pulse, {d) Do you keep late 

hours at night ? 

H. (a) Afam iumhari nabz dekhuh or Apni nabz dikhld.o^ 
(b) Kya turn rat ko der kar-ke sote ho ? 

B. (a) Tomar hat (or fiarV) dekhi or Tomar hattt dtkha^o 
/a. (b) Tumi ki rat jdgz.} or Tuvii ki rdttir k^'re so,o ? 

.15. {a) This coin does not pass in Assam, {b) Such 

an ornament is out of date now. 

H. (a) Vih sikka Asdni men nahih chaltd, (b) Is qism ke 
zewar kd ah riwdj nahth, 

B. (a) E mudrd (i.e., tdkd, paysd^ etc.) Asdme chale nd or 
Asdme e mudrdr chal2in (or chz,lit) nej. (b) E rak2im 
gayndr ekhsin re^qydj (or chal2in) ne,t, 

3^6. The price of raisins* has risen and that of gfapes fallen. 

H. Kishmish kd ddm charh-gayd hat, aur angilr kd utar- 

B. Kismiser dar (or ddm^ chdiveche, dr dngurer dar 
k2i,meche (or nebeche). 

\L"j. The monthly rent of this garden f is Rs. 70. 

H. Is baghiche kd mdhwdri kirdya sat tar rupat hat. 
B. E bdgdner bhdrd mdse S2^tt^r tdkd. 

1 8. He is accustomed to ride without a saddle. 

H. Un ko baghair zln ke sawdr hone ki ^ddat hat. 
B. Jin nd diye ghordy chard tdhr Sibbes J (dchhe). 

* Big and black raisin =H. munaqqa\ B. manekka., 

t Gardener =H. mdli, fern, malin ; 6, mali, fem. tttaiinl, 

X C. S., abhyas. 


19. He poisoned himself. He committed suicide. 

H. Wuk zahr kha-ke mar-gaya (or Us ne zahr kha-kar jan 
dt). Us ne khud-kushi ki (or kar-li), 

B. Se bis kheye m2ireche. Se dti2ihh2iti€ * kzreche. 

20. Any paper will do — rough, smooth, glazed, thick or thin. 

H. Ko,l hhl kdghaz ho, kdm chal-jd^egd — khurdurd (or 
khur-khurd), chiknd, muhra kiyd huA. mold, yd pat Id. 

B. J5 h^Jk kdgy h^Jle^i habe — khaskhdise, ield (or pel en),. 
chakch2ike, motet {or puru), ktmbd pat Id {ox mihi). 

21. You sneeze because you have taken cold. 
H. Turn ko sardi ho-ga^i hai, is liye chhihkte ho. 
B. S2irddt h'd.\\eche h2ile (or tdS) iumi hdhchchh^. 

22. To what uses is this kind of wood put } 
H. Yih lakrl kis kis kdm men dti hat'} 

B. E kdth ki ki kdje Idge (or dse) ? 

23. Can you teach me Persian ? 

H. Ap mujhe Fdrsi parhd sakte ha in } 

B. Apni dmdke Phdrsi pardte (or sekhdte) par en ? 

24. He is a treacherous man. She is a dangerous woman. 

H. Wuh da^habdzhai. Wuh khau/ndk [Hin. bhaydnakj 
"auraf hai. 

B. Se bissdsghd/zk f lok. Se bhaydn2ik (or sabbz,nese) % 
mere mdnus. 

* C. S., afmahatyq. 

f C. S., biavasghatak -. vide last note on page 66. 

X C. S., sarwaneke. 


His temper is very violent (sharp). She is now out 
of temper. 

H. Un kd mizdj bard kard (or fez) hai. Abht un kd fntsdj 
bigrd hu,d hai or Abhi wuh ghusse men haih. 

B. Tini bhdri bad mejdjer lok. Uni Qkh2^n rege dchhen. 


1. {a) He has had a narrow escape from death, (b) The 

ant is sure to die. 

H. (a) Wuh mark marte bachd ^ (or bach-gayd *), 
(b) Vih chiuhti zarur rnaregi. 

B. (a) Se ntdirte m^'rte behcheche for behche gec/ie). 
(b) Pihpre-td im.rbeS md^rbe. 

2. The patient is at the point of death. 

* H. Marlz marne par hai or Blmdr viar-chald. 

B. Rugl mar2i maiz. or Rugl dr t^hke nd or Rugl ^kh2in 
takh2i.n {h2Cyeche). 

3. Almost all the beams f and rafters are eaten by white 

ants. X 

H. Tamdm shahilroh aur bargoh ko dimak khd-ga,i. 

B. Prdy sab kd^ri bard^gd gwio ruiye (or uiye) khd^oyd (or 

* Bachi, bach-ga^i, if the subject be feminine. 

t Venetian, H. jhilmili ; B. kharkharl. Glass door, H. shishe ki 
kiivar ; B. sarsl. 

X Attacked by insects, H, 7neh ghun lag-gaya ; B. ghun dhara. 


4. (//) What is the width of this cloth ? (d) How broad 

is the Hugly river near Calcutta ? 

H. (a) Js kapre kd 'arz (or kapre ki c/taurdj) kyd hai ? 
(b) Kalkatte ke pas Hugli daryd kd pdt kiind hai ? 

B. (a) E kdp2j; khdndr hah2,r (or osdr) katz. ? (b) K2^lketdr 
kdchhe Gangd kaidi, cha,ord (or ch^tdlz,) ? 

5. {a) Why are you scolding her for nothing ? {b) I give 

this pair of stockings for nothing. 

H. (a) Be-kdr us ko kjiih ddhUe ho ? Hamyih mozemuft 
dete hath. 

B. (a) Oke michhimichhi (or akdrdJt ; khdm2ikd ; sudhu 
sudhu) dhamkdchch^i (or b2ikch2i ; karkdchchdi ; niukh 
kdichch^i) ktndi} (b) E mojd jord{id) tom&y z.mni dichcht, 

6. Translate the following into Bengali. 
H. Is kd Bangle men tar jama karo, 

B. E,i gull Bdngldy z.nuhdd (or tar jama) kar^. 


7. He has been transported for life. 

H. Wuh kale pant ^umr hhar le wdstj bhej diyd-gayd, 
Bi Tar \dbajjlban (or janmer msilain) dipdntar * hHyecht, 

8. [ii) Wash your hands, face and feet, (b) Send it to the 


J-I. (a) Apne hath muhh aur pd^oh dho-ddlo. (b) Jse 
dhone ko de-do, 

E. (a) Mukh hat pa dho.o. (b) Etd kdchte (or dhold;i kdJrte;^ 
dhopdr bdrt) dd,o. 

♦ C. S., dv'ipantar. 


9. Some of our sepoys were wounded. 

H. Hamate ha^z sipahl zakhml hu,e^ 
B. Amdder katz.k sepa^i jakhz.m (or ghal) h2iyechhU2^, 

10. 1 have no appetite. Til take only barley water. * 

H. Mujhe bhuk nahlh hai. Main sir/ bar li khd,uhgd. 

' B. Amdr khide f (or khete ichchhe) nej. Ami khdli jal 
hdrli khdhz.. 

11. (a) He has never seen a horse shod, {h) Tell the 

driver to take me to the station. 

H. (a) Us ne kabhi kisi ghore ko naH bandhte nahlh dekhd, 
(b) Kochbdn ko kaho ki ham ko Hsteshan le-jd^e, 

B. (a) ^S*^ kakh2in2i,o ghordr ndl bdhdhd dtkhe ni. 
(b) KochuMnke dmdy 'istisdne^ niye ]ete ba/s,. ^ 

12. Give me one rupee's worth of plantain, i seer of 

potato and ilb of cheese. 

H. £k rupiya ke kele do, ek pd,o dlu, aur ek paund panir. 
B. E^ tdkdr kald, ek po(yd') dlu, dr tk pdiU pSLnir dd^o. 

.1 3. (a) Great God ! is that much curds worth four pice ! 

ib) Dear me ! you're here again ! 

H. (a) Alldhu Akbarl (or Khudd kl pandh \ ) Yih chdr 
paise kd dahi hai ! (b) Tauba \ phir turn d-kar maujud 

B. (a) Hd bhag2Lbdn ! e^ chdr paysdr d3.'i? (b) Bhd/3. 
jdld % (or dp2kd) ! tumi dbdr hethd (eyechi) \ 

* Bengalis always say 'water barley' and Hindustanis simply 'barley'. 

t Prop., ksudha. 

i C. S.,yv5/3 a- botheration. 


14. Who's knocking at the door ? It is I, Sarat. 

H. Kaun darwaza thohk (or khat khata) rahd hail Main 
hidh, Sarat. 

B. Ke he duyare (or dore) gha (or dhdkka) mare ? or Ke 

he dor thele (or khat khat kare ; thak thak kare) ? 

Ami, S^arz.t* 


15. He too dittoed this. 

H. Usne bht is par sddkiyd or Us ne hhi hah men hah mild J. 
B. Se^o ete sd^' dile (or diyechhilz) or Se^o gore gor dile. 

16. I think you will have to see f your friend again. 

H. Mere khaydl meh phir dp ko apne dost se milnd f (or 
muldqdt karnd) paregd. 

B. Tomdy hujhi (or dekhchi) dbdr tomdr }f2^ndhuttr (or 
mite-fir^ sange hd dekhd k^irte hay. 

17. (a) What was the matter with you ? (h) What about 

that matter ? (r) What does that matter ? (d) Is that 
a fact ? 

H. (a) Tum ko kyd hu^d thd ? (b) Us bare meh kyd huM ? 

(c) Is se kyd haraj hai ? or Is se kyd hft.d ? (d) Kyd 
yih sach hai ? 

B. (a) Tomdr ki h2^yechhil'A. ? (b) Se kathdr (or b/sayer) 
ki hdi'h} (c) Tate ki ds2 \dy} or Tdte ki {h^'yecheM 

(d) Otd ki s2ityi (or thik) ? 

* If asked by a respectable person, the answer should be Aggeh ami, 

f Milna is used in the sense of interview, and dekhna in the sense of 
seeing one who is ill. 


18. (a) I'm taller than she. (<5) He's a short man. 

H. (a) Main us se himbd kuii. (b) Wuh ndtd ddmi hai 
(fern, ndti "aurat). 

B. (a) Ami tar cheye dh^ngd (or lambd). (b) Lokid behte 

19. He lives from hand to mouth. He earns only six 

annas a day. 

H. Wuh bard tang-dast hai. Wuh rozdnd chha dne kamdtci 

B. Se din dne din khdy or Tdr \atra ay tatra b^y.* Se din 
mote (or kulle) chha and (or gandd paysd) rojkdr kare. 

20. This key does not fit the lock. Bring my bunch of keys. 

H. Yih kunjl \l^\n. chdbi\ idle men nahlh lagti. Merl 
chdhiyon kd guchchhd (or lachchhd) le-d,o. 

B. E chdbt{td) tdldy {ox kulupe) thik Idgche nd. A mar 
chdbir tholotd niye es?i. 

21. Don't expose yourself to the sun (sunshine). 
H. Dhup men mat jd,o (ox phird). 

B. Rod Idgi.o nd or Roddure beri.o nd. 

22.' I could make neither head nor tail of it. 

H. Main us kd sar pd.oh kuchh na samjhd. 

B. Ami er mdihd mundu f kichhuj bujhte (or thik k^'rte) 
pdrlum nd. 

* C. S., vyay. ^ 

t Appositive ; cf. taka paysa^ paysa karly kaj karmniA, luk yaw, ba.ndhH 
handhdib (friends and acquaintances), man sambhram (respect and rever- 
ence), dkan sampRtti (wealth and property), dekhd saksat (seeing and 
meeting), etc. Similarly in Hindustani, kapra latta (clothes), ghar bar 
(house), bal bachcha (children), etc. 


23. . (<i) Is your watch going right ? (d) What's the time 

by the church clock ? {c) To-morrow is the last 
Saturday of the month. Our office will remain 
closed, (d) To-day is a Hindu festival, (e) Is 
there any holiday this week ? (/") Your application 
for leave has not been granted. 

H. (a) Tumhari ghari thik chain hai} (b) Girje ki ghari 
men kyd waqt hai ? (c) UTal mahtne ka akjur 
Sanichar hai. Ham logon ka da/tar band rahega, 
(d) Aj Hindu^oh ka iewhdr hai, (e) Is hafie men 
ko,l ta^tjl hai ? ( f ) Tiimhdri rukhsat ki darkhwdst 
fnan^ur nahlh hu,i. 

B. (a) Tomdr gh^jrl ki thik \dchche ? or Tomdr ghzrl thik 
dchhe Is. ? (b) Girjer ghd^rile kaiz. (or ka'td) 
bejechhe ? (c) Kdl mdser ses S^z,nibdr. Amdder 
apis bandh2i thdkbe. (d) AJ Hihiuder parzb, (e) E 
haptdy kon^L chhuti dchhe ki } ( f ) Tomdr chhutir 
darkhdstz. m2Jijur hay ni. 

24. The boil is coming to a head ; it is to be lanced. 

H. Phord bhard d-rahd hai ; is ko nash/ar kiyd jdyegd. 

B. Phord'tdr mukh ha, ye dsche (or Phord-td peke uthche) ; 
eid kdtdte habe. 


25. Of what consequence it is whether you live or die ?* 

H. Apple rahe to kyd, aur mar-ga,e to kyd ? 

B. Apni msileji bd ki, dr bdnchle,i bd ki ? or Apndr mar3.n 
bdhch2ine ki dse ]dy ? 

* Note the order here. Bengalis generally say 'die or live'. 



I. (a) Good morning ! f how do you do ? (d) I ho])e 

your family are all well. 

H. (a) Saldm 1 ap kd inizdj kaisd hat or Mizdj sharif} 
(b) Ap ke bdl hachche sab achchht t fir ah to ham ? 

B. (a) N2im2iskdr ! kem^Cn dchhen ? (b) Apndr bdrtr sab 
kus3.l /a ? or Apndr chhele pile sab bhdl^ dchhe /a ? 

t When approaching, or departing from, a person of whatever rank, 
age, or relationship, Muslims generally say among themselves salam 
'alaikum (peace be upon you) and the answer to this is invariably 
'alaikumU'S salam (on you be peace). But in India the general 
word for saluting each other without reference to any nationality is 
salam (peace). Even a Hindu chaprasi when saluting his saheb 
says salam huziir. While greeting a superior or equal in rank or age, 
educated Muslims generally say adab *ars hat ( I beg to offer my 
respects) and in return to children only Jlte raho (may you live long) or 
khush rako (may you live in happiness) is used. Illiterate Muslims 
generally use the word bandagt (I'm your slave)* 

To greet a superior in caste, rank (not official), or age, Hindi 
speaking people say payoii lagi or gor lagl (I fall at your feet) and the 
answer to this \s jay ho (may you flourish), or kalyan ho (may all bli s 
come to you), or chiranjlb raho (may you live long) : Bengalis say 
pranam (I bow down), the answer to which isjayha^k or (in Sanskrit) 
jayostu (may you flourish), or kdJ.yan ka^k, or sukhe thaka. (may you 
live in happiness), or benche thaka (may you live long). 

For greeting a person (taken as an equal, irrespective of rank and 
age), namaskar (I bow down) is the term used by both the Hindi speaking 
people and Bengalis amongst those of the same caste. The uneducated 
class of the former generally say ram ram. Both these terms (^namaskar 
and ram ram) are also used in returning the salutation. 


2. Thank you, I'm well. And are you quite well ? 

H. Shukr hai *, achchha huh. Ap to f achchhe haih ? 

B. H^h bhd,i [h. Aggeh /;e«], ami hhah dchhi, Apni 
bhalz. dchhen (/a f) ? 

3. What name have you given to the child ? 

H. Turn ne backche kd kvd nam rakkhd hai ? 

B. Chhehtlr (fern, meyeilr) ki nam rekhech^ (or rdkhd 
k^yeche) ? 

4. We then fell to talking about various matters, 

H. Us ke ba'd ham idhar udhar ki bdteh karne lage, 

B. Tar par dmrd e ta (or dmrd eta seta) pdhch rak^m 
galp2L k^'rte Idglinn. 

5. (a) That's right. {I)) You're right. {c) Have you 

any right in this ? 

H. (a) Yih thik hai\ (b) Apthik kahte haih: (c) Is meii 
tumhdrd ko^l haqq hai ? 

B. (a) {E,i)thik h'^'yeche. (;b) {Apni) thik bz.lchen (or h2<le- 
chen), (c) Eie ki dpndr kon2L zdhikdr (or sattdi %) dchhe ? 

6. ' (a) He's not a man of his word, {b) He's true to 

his word. 

H. (a) Wuh zabdn kd pakkd nahlh hai or Wuh wa^de kd 
sachchd nahlh hai, (b) Wuh qaul kd sachchd hai, 

B. (a) Tar kathdr thik nej. (b) Tdr kathdr kheldp hay 
nd or Tdr \d kathd se^i kdj. 


Lit.f 'Thanks be to God/ 

t Often used as a particle of emphasis ; there is no exact equivalent 
in English. The use of this very idiomatic enclitic particle should be 
learnt from the examples. 

X C. S., satva. 


7. He is not punctual in making payments. 

H. Wuh waql par rUpiya nahlh deta or Rupiya dene men 
wuh hahut tdl matol karid ham, 


B. Tint szmaye tdkd d^n nd or Tdkd dite iini bhdri deri 
karen or fdkd diie tint badd^ hhogdn, 

8. I've no authority in this matter. I can do nothing. 

H. Is amr men merd kuchh ikhiiydr nahlh. Mujh se kuchh 
nahth ho-saktd, 

B. Eie dmdr kom, hat nej. Amdr ddrd * (or hzte) 
kichhu habe tabe f nd. 

9. His teeth have all fallen out one by one. 
H. Us ke sab ddh! ek ek kar-ke gir-ga^e. 

B. E^ ekfi ksi're idr dihl giiU sab p^re gtche, 

JO. He picks holes in everybody's coat. 

H. Wuh har shakh% kd Uiib tiikdUd hai. 
. B. ^S"^ sakz.1 loker chhuio (or khuhl) dhare (or dh^i're h^rdv). 

^ I. A famine will visit the country this year. 

H. Is sal mulk vieh kdl paregd. 

B. E lacii2ir dese diirbhikkh^i % (or tnTLunent^t' \ or Cikah 

* C. S., dvara. 

t This is an example of meaningless appositive. Cf. ram tain (Ram 
and the others), hhat-'at (rice, Gtc),jal-'al (water and other refreshments), 
6a'/-/a'i (book, etc.), kichhu dekhte tekhfe pele'i (have you found 
anything r), etc. 

\ C. S., durbhikaa. 

§ C. S., vianvantar. 

q6 a manual of colloquial 

12. Are you listening to me or not? Whats this buttoiv 

made of ? ^ 

, H. Sunte hoy a nahih ? Yih hutdm kdhe ka (hana) hai ? 
B. A mar kathd sunch2L nd nd ? E hotdmti kiser (tairi) ? 

13. How is your book selling ? 
H. Ap ki kitdh kaisl hiktt hai} 

H. Apndr bsii khdni k^m?^n kdtche (or bikkiri h?Lchche) ? 

14. (a) Mustard oil is now in great demand. (/>) Taste 

and see if there is salt in the soup. 

H. (a) Sarsoh ke tel ki is waqt hart mdhg hai. (b) Chakh- 
ke dekho to * shirwe (or shorbe) men namak hai yd 

B. (a) Aj kdl s2Lrsef teler khub kdtji. (b) Jhol-td cheke 
d^khz. /a * nun (or lun) hdJyeche ki nd. 

15. All the ripe mangoes have been sold. This pine- 

apple is unripe. It has no taste. f 

H. Sab (or kul) pakke dm hik ga,e. Yih anannds kachchd 
hai. Is men kuchh maza nahih. 

B. Sab pdkd dm (or dhb^ gulo uthe (or bikkiri heLye) 
g^che. E dndraS'id kdhchd (or ddhtd). Er kichchh u 
sad X ne,i. 

• Vide note on page 94. 

t Tasteful=^H. inazedar \ B. susvad. Tasteless=H. bad-mazn or 
ph'ika ; B. bisvad. 

X C. S., S7fad. 


1 6. The market for piece goods is very dull now. There 

is no prospect of improvement in near future. 

H. Kapre ka bazar aj kal bahut manda hat. There dinoh 
tak to * is ke tez hone ki ko,t umid nahlh. 

B. Aj kal Biliti kdp2irer bajdr bar2L m^indd. S^iggir uthbe 
bz!le /a* mzne hay nd or Stggir othbdr m2it2Ln dekhchi m\ 

17. The kerosine oil market is in full swing now. 
H. Aj kal kirdsan tel ki bikri bahut hat, 

B. Aj kal kerosin )eler hdjdr bes ch2dche. 

1 8. You had better store a large quantity on this occasion. 
' You are sure to make good profit thereby* 

H. Is mauqa' par turn ko mdl bahut rakhnd chdhiye, 
Zarur tum^ ko is se bahut naja^ f hogd. 

B. E,i btld (or szmay) tumi best k&'re mdl J2Lmiye /^e/a. 
TdhzHe tomdr nischay-i khub Idbh (or mun2Lphd) habe. 

19. ^. The market for teak wood is steady. It may fall or 

rise after a month. 

H. Sdgwdn ki lakri kd bdzdr ek halat par ihahrd hu^d hai. 
Ek mahine ba^dyd to is kd bhd,o utregdyd charhjd,egd, 

B. Segun kdther bdjdr tkh'^n thatnth2Lme. E^ mas pare 
ndbte^o pare ufhte,o pdre. 

20. Many men, many minds, 

H. Hazdr muith, hazdr bdteh or Jitne muhh, utni bdteh, 

B. Ndnd munir ndnd mat (lit. different sages have differ- 
ent opinions). 

• Vide note 2 on page 94. 
t C, S., naf. 


21. .On entering the room he took off his hat. Then he 

sat down on a chair and began to talk with him. 
H. Kamre mehjdte waqt us ne topi utar It (or top utdr liya). 

Phir ek kurst par haith kar un se hdieh karne laga, 
B. Ghare dhokhdr sd.maj' ttni tupi khullen. Tar par e>fe- 

khand 'cheydre bzse idhr sahge kathd hdttrd * k^'ite 

Idglen (or dr2^mhh2, kzrlen). 

22. {a) Have you had any refreshments ? {b) Make your- 

self comfortable. 
H. (a) Turn ne kuchh ndshitd Hyd ? (b) Aram se bait ho 

[h. baiikiye]. 
B. (a) Tomdr kichhu jal tal \ khd^oyd kaJyeche^ (b) Bkdl2L 
Ji2i!ye b2iS2L [ h. 3aj?/// J or Aram k2!re bdisun, 

23. It rained very heavily last night. The sky is clear 

to-day. The sun is not yet up. 
H. Rat bahut zor se pdnl barsd. Aj dsmdn sdfipv khul 

gaya)hai. A/tab [ Hin. suraj^ ab tak nahih nikld hai^ 
B. Kdl rdttire khub (or bes) ek pasld bisti //aj'^ geche. Aj 

dkas p2iriskdr h2i!yecheox Aj dkds chhere gtche^ ^^ti]V 

Qkh2in'0 othe ni. 

24. (a) The sky is getting rather cloudy, {h) It is rain- 

ing cats and dogs, {c) It is drizzling. (</) It is 
likely to rain now. 

•H. (a) As man par kuchh kuchh abr (or bddal) chhd-rahd 

hai, (b) Mehh muslddhCxr baras rahd hai. (c) Phuhdr 

par rahi hai, (d) Pdni kd sdmdn nazar dtd hai. 

B. (a) Akds{td) megh megh kdichche, (b) Musz.ldhdre (or hur 

hur ksi're) bisti p^irche (or h2ichche\ (c) Tip tip k?Cre 

bisti p2Lrche. (d) Ekh2,ni bisti ha,oyd sambhz.b or Bisti 

habdr gd^tik dekhchi or Bisti habdr jogdr hz,yeche. 

• Prop., bartta. See note on page 91. f Vide note 2 on page 95. 


^5. Don't be in a hurry. Please see me on ^Monday week. 

By that time 1 shall be able to do something for you. 

H. yaidi na kljiye. Agle Somivdr ko mujh se milyegd. 
Us waqt tak main dp ke liye kuchh kar sakuhgd, 

B. Tdrdtdri kdifben nd, Ar Sombdr dmdr sange d^khd 
kdirben. Taddine dpndr j^nye ami kichhu k^Crte pdrh2L. 


1. Welcome, my good friend, I am delighted to see you 

after a tong time. Sit down, why are you standing ? 

H. A,i)'e, bhd.t, djye^ itne din ha'd dp se mil kar mujhe 
bahnt khushi hii^i. Baithiye nd* khare kyuh haih ? 

B. Aja t, bhd^i^ es2i. anek diner par iomdy dekhe barz. 
dn2inddi ^aVa. Bz,s?i nd J, ddhriye (rsil/e) kendi ? 

2. His eldest brother is doing pretty well. You need 

not be anxious about him. 

H. C/s kd bard bhd.i khdsi tar ah hai. Us ke live Jikr kar tie 
ki kuchh zuruiat nahih. 


B. Tdr bar § ddds^ ek rakzm bhdlz. (or bes) dchhen. Tdhr 
J2inye bhdb'bdr (or chintd karbdr or udbigm. habdr) 
darkdr nej. 


Note the spelling. The tia is not negative here. 

t To receive a respectable person Bengalis say, ' Astaggeh hay (prop. 
asite ajna hay), asufi' or 'Asuttf ma.8ai, asun !' 

i The tM has no negative force here. 

i C. S., bara. Here the final vowel a is not sounded as is frequently 
the case. 


3. Can't you manage without going there ? You may go 

some other time. 

H. IVaMn be-ga.e iumhara kdm nakth chaUsaktd ? Aur 
km waqt chalejand, 

B. Tomdr sekh&ne nd gele chale (or hay) nd ki} A«>a (or 
ap^r or dr) ek S9,may ]e,o ekhd.n * (or ^akhzn *\ 

4. I feel unwell. I'll take light food. He is now con-^ 


H. Jlferi tabVat achchhi nahth. Main halki ghiza karuhgd 
[ Hin. main kuchh ihori si halki chiz khd,uhgd\. Us 
ko abhi ifdqa hai or Us kdjtpahle se achchhd hai. 

B. Amdr S2irir{td) bhdl^. ne,i. Ami alp2i salp2i f hdlkd 
rakditner kichhu khdb?i. Se €,i bare sere uthche. 

5. I shall go by the ten o'clock J train. Til go direct to 

Allahabad. Tell me the shortest and cheapest route. 

H. Main das baje ki gdri par (or vieh^ not se) jdfihgd. 
Main sidhd Ildhdbdd jdjihgd. Aisd rasia batd^iye jis 
men waqt bhi kam lage aur rupiya bhl kam kharch 



B. Ami dastdr gdrile \db2i. Ami bardbz.r Eldhdbdd ja^a. 
Kon rdstd diye gele sab cheye kam s2Lmaye alp2i (or 
kam) bhdrdy (or kharzche) habe ? 


Mere expletive, 
t C. S., svalpa. Appositive, vide note on page 91. 
X At 10 A.M., H. das baje din *o ; B. beta daitSy (or daitar samay). 
At 10 P.M., H. das baje rat ko ; B. rat (or ratri) doit ay (or daitar 


o. Debit it to my account and credit it to her. Why do 

you press so much for payment ? 

H. Afere hisab se nikal-kar ise un ke hisdb men likh {oxjama^ 
karydo. Rupai ke liye turn Una taqdzd kyiih karte ho ? 

B. Amdr name khardich likhe ohr name jama karz, (or ^aV^ 
dd^o), Tomdr tdkdr tts. tdgddd kcna. dal2i /a ? 

7. He will be 6 or 7 days in coming. The zoo is quite 

close to here— a minute's walk. 

H. U^s ke dne men chha sdt din lagehge. Chirvd-khdna 
pas hi hai — ek minit kd rasta hogd. 

B. Tdr dste chha sdt din Idgbe (or habe). Chiriyd-khdhd 
ekhdn theke khub kdche — ^k miniter path (habe). 

5. (a) Open at the 5th page, ifi) It occurs on p. 15, 

(r) Turn the page over. 

H. (a) Pdhchivdh safha kholo. (b) Pandrahweh safhe 
men hai, (c) Safha ulatye. 

B. (a) Pdhcher pdtd khoh. (b) P%nz,rd^r patay dchhe. 
(c) Pdtdtd oltd.o. 

<), He is as simple as simple could be, 

H. Wuh bahut hi sldhd sdda ddml hai (fem. sidhl sddi 
'an rat hai). 

B. Tini khub sddd side lok, 

10. We don't care a fig for our teacher. 

H. Ham apne ustdd kl zarra bhar parwd nahth karte. 

B. Amrd "79idstdrke grdjjhz, * (or bhurukkhep f ) Xar/ nd. 

• C. S., grahya. 
t C. S., bhruksepa. 


11. He is making a mountain of a molehill. 

H. Wu/i rd,i kd parbat band-rahd hat. 

B. Se chhtihchor gu * parbz.t f k^^chche or Se Hike tdt 
k2ichche {lit. making a palmyra fruit out of a seed 
of sesamum). 

12. The provisions ran short and consequently they died 

of starvation. 
H. Rasad khutm ho-gaj aur dkhir wnh log bhukoh (or 

fdqoh se) mare. 
B. Ras2id {or khdbdr jinis pati2ir) phuriye gechhl^,, kdjej 
(or sut^irdng) tdrd nd khete peye ?nz:re geh. 

13. The water is knee-deep J here. We can easily go to 

the other side of the tank. 
H. Vahdh ghutnoh pant hai. Tdldb {tald.o) ke dusre (or 

parle) kindre ctsdnl se jd-sakte haih. 
B. Ekhdne (or hethd) ek hdhtti jal. Amid sahy'e,i 

puktirer opdre \ete pdri, 

14. It seems I met you before. Turn your face this way. 

Turn round. 
H. Aisd maf'lum hold hat ki main turn se pahle miUchiikd 

huh, Istaraf mtihh karo {ox phero). Ghumjd,o. 
B. Kothdy je«a tomdy dekhichi dekhichi \ bodh h2Jchche. 

Ed ike pherz. Ghure ddhrd,o. 

* Ordure, H. guh {gen. of men, animals, birds): B. gu or biatha. 
Dung (of cattle), H. gobar ; B. gobar : — (of horse or elephant), H. lid ; 
B. nod : — (of goat and sheep), H. ntengnl ; B. nadi. Dung cake, H. upla ;. 
B. ghunfe. 

t C. S., parbbata. 

X Waist-deep, H. kqmar tak (or bhar) ; B. e^ komar or komar bhar^ 
Breast-high, H. chhatl (or stna) bhar ; B. e/i buk. 

4 Here repetition signifies doubt. 


15. -By the way, don't forget to bring that to-morrow. By 

no means. 
\i. Hah, kal wuh zarilr ld,iv€gd, bhulivegd mat. Hargiz 

B. Bhdh hatha (pi^^ne p2ireche), dekhun kal seta ante je«a 
hhulhen nd. Nischay-i nd. 

16. Fm very sleepy. I've slept well. He is drowsy. I 

had not a wink of sleep all night. I kept up all 
night. Put the baby to sleep. Lull the baby to sleep. 

H. Mujhe hahut nlhd dtt hat. Main khuh soyd. Wuh 
nihddsd hat or Wuh uhghtd hat. Rat hhar men 
dhkh zard nahih j ha pkt. Maih ne rdt dhkhoh men 
kdtl. Bachche ko stild.o. Bachche ko lori deke suld.o. 

• ' 

B. Amdr bhdri (or haddi) ghum dsche (or pdchche). Ami 
khuh (or hes ek ghtdm) ghumiyechi. Se dhulche (or 
jhimuchche*). Ami sdrd rdt chok buj2i,i ni (or sdrd 
rdt Qk bdr-o chokhe pdtdy k2J'i ni). Ami sdrd rdt jege 
kdtiyechi. Khokdke ( fem. khukike ) ghtim pdrd.o. 
Khokdke gdn geye ghu?n pdrd^o. 

17. He is a good man, after all. May he live long ! 

H. Jo kiuhh ho, wuh ddml achchhd hai. Khudd [ Hin. 
Bhagwdh ] us kl ^umr dardz kare^ 

B: Ja,/ bal2i, tini lok bhdlz., Issar f k2^run tini dirghzjibi 

1 8. {a) I could not help laughing, (b) I can't help it. 

H. (a) Maih hahsi ko rok na sakd. (b) Maih kyd karith ? 

B. (a) Ami nd heme thdkte pdllum nd. (b) Ki ^a'r^a, 
updy ne,i. 

• When under some intoxicating drug, 
t C. S., tivara. 


19. I say upon my honour. I didn't enter the shop,* 

H. Main qasam khd-kar kahtd huh. Main dukdn ke andar 
nahih gayd, 

B. Ami dhamm2Lt2^ t h^lchi (or Tomdr dibyi). Ami dokdne 
dhuki m\ 


20. Write to me by return of post^ 

H. Wdpasi ddk par (not se) mujhe jawdb likho. 

• ■ 

B. Patrz, path jabdb (or utiur) di,o (ii/., reply as soon as 
you finish reading the letter). 

21. The grocer is dull, hard or slow, of hearing. 
H. Jlfodi kdn se Uhchd suntd hai. 

B. Mudl-td kdne khdt2i (or kam sone). 

22. He is quite deaf. Speak out, my good fellow, no- 

body can hear you. 

H. With bilkul [Hm. nipat] bah rd hai, Zor se bolo, ji, 
tuifihdrl bdt to sunne men nahih dti. 

B. Se baddh2i kdld. Jore (or ior Xa'/v) bah, he, bdpu, 
ke,u sunie^i pdchche nd ]e. 

23. Might is right. 

H. yis ki lathi us ki bhaih^ {lit. whoever has the staff 
owns the buffalo). 

B. yor ]dr mulluk tdr {lit. he who is strong rules the 


Shop-keeper, H. dukan-dar ; B. dokandar or dokani. 
t C. S., dharmmatah. 

X Postman, W. dakya or dak-piyada (in Behar) or chitihi-rasan C\x\ 
P unjab) or i appal (in Bcmbay); B. dak-ola or harkara (in villages). 


-24. (a) I was quite taken aback* (b) This is mere hearsay. 

H. (a) Mujhe achamhha sa ho-.gayd, (b) Yih sir/ sunl- 
sundji bat hat. 

B. (a) Ami tkebdre haMhambd hsJye gelum or Ami 
that'^mat2i kheye gelum, (b) E sand kathd bdi,i /a 

-25. He has been ?i warded 45 days' imprisonment for 

stealing a pair of boots from another sepoy, 

H. Us ne ek dusre sipdhl kd ek jcrd jfltd churd liyd thd : 
is wdste us ko paihtdlts roz ki qaid ki sazd milt, 

B. Ar ekJ2in sepdyer tk jord but juto churi k^'re tar 
pahvtdllis d!n mydd (or kdrddattdz. or J/V/ ) ksJyeche. 


I . (a) Cards have no attraction for me. {b) Shuffle the 

pack once more, (c) What stupid you are ! 

H. (a) Tdsh ke khel men ?nerd dil nahih lagtd, (b) Tdsh ek 
daf'a aur phehto, (c) Kyd ahmaq ho ! 

B. (a) Amdr ids kh^ldr sakh (or jhohk) ne,i, (b) Tds 
jordtd dr Qkbdr tdsd.o (or tdsiye nd.o). (c) Tumi /a 
dchchhd bokd or Ki dhdmm2ik tumi ! 

-2. Let bygones be bygones. Take a carriage and start 

at once. Don't hesitate. 

H. yo ho'gayd so ho-goyd. Kisl gdri par charhke jhai pat 
jdyO. Pas-o-pesh nn karo, 

B. ]dhabdrtd h2i\ye g^che, Ekh2kni ^k khdnd gdrl Jiive 
beriye lor ra^ond hz!ye) parz.. It^isfaizh ^a';a nd. 


3. Can none of you work out this simple sum ? 

H. Aisd sidha-sa hisah hhi turn men se kisi se nahth hota ? 
B. EJ sojd ankii-td tomrd keji ki kz'ste pdtdi nd ? 

4. I'll let you go by no means, on no account. 

H. Main turn ko kisi t^arahjdne na duhgd (fem. duhgi). 
B. Ami fomdv kona. mate.i ]eie dol)2i nd. 

5. Keep a civil tongue in your head. Don't be desperate. 
H. Zabdn (or muhk) samhhdUkar boh, Nd-umid na ho. 
B. Mukh sdmle kathd k^'o. Afa.nyd h^'o nd. 

6. How far is Patna from here ^ Can 1 reach there 

to-day ? What time does the train go ? 

H. Vahdh se Patna kitni dilr hai } Ham dj ivahdn 
pa hunch sakte haih } Gdrl kis ivaqt chhutil hai} 

B. Ekhdn theke Pdtnd kai2L dilr ? Aj ki sethd paunch hute 
pdrh^L } Gdrl katdy chhdre ? 

7. How much did you buy this for ? C an you get more 

like it in the bazar ? Is it German manufacture ? 

H. Kitne men kharidd ? Aisd hdzdr men aur hhi fniltd 
hai}Kydyih Jarmani kd band hu,d hai} 

B. Kat2i dive kinechhile ? Bdjdre dr e rak2im pd,o\d ]dv 
ki ? E ki Jdrm^nir tain } 

8. I am told good servants are hard to get in Persia. 

H, Sunne men dyd hai ki Irdn men achchhd naukar milud 
mushkil hai. 

B. ^unichi nd ki* Pdrsiydte bhdl^. chdk2^r pd.oyd (or meld) 
hhdr (or k2Ahin). 

* Na ki has an indefinite sense. 


9. They have stolen my ox. I want you to send some- 

body after the thieves. Perhaps they have not gone far. 

H. Unhon ne mera bail churd-liya. Main chdhtd huh 
ki dp kisi ko choroh ki talcish men hhejeh. Wuh dur 
nahth ga.e hohge, 

B. Tar a dinar sdhr-tl churi k'sJreche. Chorder dharbdr 
J2^nye kd,uke pdthdn. Hay /a tdrd best dilr \dy ni. 

10. (a) Shake the bottle (small) before use. {b) Don't let 

him take acid, {c) His hand shakes to write. 

H. (a) Isti^vidl karne se pahle shlshl ko hild^lo. (b) Us ko 
khattd khdne na do. (c) lAkhne ke waqt us kd hath 
kdhptd hai. 

B. (a) Byab2ihdrer dge sisitd ncre neben. (b) Tdke tak 
(or amh2il) khete di,o nd. (c) Likhte gele tar hat 

11. Bad digestion is the cause of all diseases.* 
H. Bad-haztni iamdm bimdriyoh kljar hai, 

B. AjlrnaJsak^lrogermUl (ox gord or kdrzn). 

12. Under whose treatment are you .? Let me examine 

your chest. Your urine should be examined. 

H. Kis ke 'ildj men ho ? Ham tumhdri chhdtl dekheh. 
Tumhdrd qdrurd Hkzdmin' karnd chdhiye. 

B. Kdr chikitsdy dchh2i ? or Kake d^khdchch^^ ? Dekhi 
tomdr buk-td ^ckjdmin' k2Lre. Tomdr pechchhdb-td 
^ekjdmin k2Jrte habe. 

• Contagious disease, H. chhiii ki btmart ; B. chhoiiyache rog. Infec- 
tious disease, H. waha^i btmart ; B. sankramak rog. 


13. The old man is down with rheumatism. Nurse * him 


H. Wuk bUrha ad mi gathye mm para hu,d hat\ Us ki 
achchhi tflrah khidmat karo, 

B. Euro lokil hate hhugche, Bhalz kz.'re tar sebd susrusa f 

14. He is suffering from dysentry and so he's so weak. 

I'm suffering from asthma. 

H. Us ko peckish ho-ga.l hai, isi sabab se wuh Una kam-zor 
hai, Mujh ko dame ki bimdri hai. 

B. Se rakhi dmdsaye bhugche, td,i se e/a kdhil (or durbbal). 
Ami hdhpdnite bhugchi, 

1 5. (<?) He has lung disease. His spleen and liver are 

also out of order, {b) He has sprained his right 
ankle, (c) He is foaming at the mouth. 

H. (a) Us ko phephre ki bimdri hai. Us ki tilli aur jigar 
bhi durust nahih hai, (b) Us ke ddhne takhne men 
moch d'ga,i hai, (c) Us ke muhh se jhdg nikdlti 

B. (a) Tar phusphuUr bemo X dchhe. Tar pile libdrer-o dos 
hs^yeche. (b) 2ar dan pay'er gdht m2Lchke geche, 
(c) Tar mukh diye phend berttchche (or uthche) or Tar 
mukh diye gthjld bhdngche. 

• Nurse, «., also midwife, H. da,l ; B. da^i. 
t Appositive, vide note on page 91. 
+ Vide note on page 52. 


i6. (a) As the road was very muddy, he slipped and cut 

his knees, (d) My feet are sinking * in the mud. 

H. (a) Chfihki sarak par kichar {ox gadld) bahut thl (or 
tkoi), wuh phisal kar gir-pard aiir us ke ghutne 
zakhmt ho'ga.e. (b) Mere pd.oh kichar men dhase 
jdte hath. 

B. (a) Rdstdy hhdrl kddd chHil^. b^He pa pichhle pzre giye 
tar hdhtu kete g^che. (b) Amdr pd kdddv b2ise \dchche. 

17. rn not sell this shirt under Rs. 8-4. 

H. Sawd dih rupai se kam men ham yih qamis nahth 

B. Sa\oyd (or sa) at tdkdr kame e kamij-td bechbdi nd. 

18. He is over head and ears in debtf. P'latterers never 

tell the truth by accident. 

H. Wuh qarz men dubd hil^d hai. Khushd?nadi kabhl 
bhul'kar bhi sach nahih bolte. 

B. Se dendy dube dchhe. Khosdmuderd kakh2in2i bhule^o 
safyi kathd bale (or kay ) 7id. 

19. What will you take for these 20 lemons ? 

H. In bis laimunoh {ox nibu,oh) kd kyd loge (fem. logi) ? 
B. E kuri-td nebu ki nebe ? or Lebu ktirltd ki nebe ? 

20. It took me 3 months to make this bed-stead. 
H. Is pa fang ke bandne men tin mahlne lage, 

B. E,i khdt khdni tairl kzrrte dmdr tin mas legechhil^. 

♦ Sink (in water), H. dubna ; B. doba or dube ]a,oya. 

t Debtor, H. qarz-dar or den-dar ; B. den-dar, dhero, rint or khatdik. 

Creditor, H. qarq-hhwah or len-dar -, B. maJiajaLn or pa, ond-dar. 


21. We have separate rates for wholesale and retail 

dealers. We generally sell our goods by bulk. 
H. Paikarl hechne kd bhd^o judd (or 'aldhida) hai aur 
khurda ( or phutkal ) hhd.o judd. Ham aksar thok 
kd thok mdl hechd karte haih. 
B. Amdder pd.iken kh^uddert bhinn2i hhinn^ dar dchhe, 
Amrd sachzrdch^Lr thd^uko jinis hechi. 

22. It takes two to make a bargain (lit. one can't clap 

with a single hand). 
H. Ek hdth se tall nahth hajtl or Tdli donoh hdthoh se 

hajtl hai, 
B. E^ hate tdli hdje nd. 

23. id) Whose portrait is this } (h) Whom does this 

picture belong to 1 (r) Where does she belong to ? 
H. (a) Vih his kl taswlr hail (b) Is tasivir kd mdlik 

kaun hai or Yih taswlr kis kl hai ? (c) Wuh kahdh 

kl rahne-wdll hai t 
B. (a) Ekhdni kar chehdrd ? (b) E chh2J)i khdni kar ? 

(c) Strllokti kothdkdr (or kon deser) ? 

24. (a) In any case, (b) In any way. (t) Apart from this. 
H. (a) Har hai men. (b) Kisi tarah. (cj Is ke 'aldwa 

or Is ko chhor kar. 
B. (a) Ja,/ halz. nd ken2L. (b) ]e kom. rak^me (or g2Jike) 
hdik or Kon2i nd kona. rak2^me. (c) E chhdrd or 

25. (a) He is an amusing fellow, {/i) She lives in a rented 

house. She has taken i year's lease. 
H. (a) Wuh maze kd ddmt hai. (b) Wuh kird.t ke inakdn 

men rahti haih. Unhoh ne ek baras kd ijdra liyd hat, 
B. (a) .SV bes r2isik (or r2igure) lok. (b) Tint bhdrdte bdrife 

thdken. Tini Qk barhzrer ijerd (or 7w') niyechen. 



1. Sister, how is the baby to-day ? He's well enough 

now, but the fever comes on alternate days. 

H. Bahan,(Xj bachcha kaisd hat} Ahhi 1o achchhd hat, 
lekin bukhar bdrl se [lit. in turn) dfa hat (or bukhar 
ek din chhor-kar did hit). 

B. Aj khokd (fern, khukl) ktimn dchhe, didi* ? Y,kkdin /a 
dchhe bhdl2L^ kintu eX* din chhdrd (or had or aw/ar ) 
jar t dsche. 

2. It is about 3 o'clock. It is almost 5 o'clock. It is 

about 5 miles from here. 

H. Tin bajd chdhte haih. Pdiich hajne kd ^amal hai. 
Yahdh se ko,i pdhch mil hai. 

B. Prdy (or dnddj) tinte {habe). Pdhchtd bdje b2ile. 
Ekhdn theke pdhchek habe. 

3. Have you lost your eyes ? 
H. Kyd tujhe sUjhtd nahih ? 

B. 2 or ki chokh ne,i} or /«,/ ki chokher mdthd kheyechhis ? 

4. I am off now. 1 shall see you again to-morrow. 

H. Ab ham rukhsat hote haih or Ab ham chale. Kal, {in 
shd,Alldh {), phir dp se mtildqdt karehge. 

B. Ami ekha.n chdillum (or dsi). Abdr kdl d^khd k2t,rba.. 

• The younger sister or brother addresses the elder sister as didi and 
the elder brother as dada. The elder sister may affectionately address 
her younger sister and brother as didi and dada respectively. 

t Vide note on page 32. 

X Lit., 'If God pleases'. 


5/ He lives by honest toil. He is an old fashioned man. 

H. Wuh haqq hal&l kf kdma,i khdia hat, Wuh purant 
waza' * (or ch&l ) kd Udmi hai. 

B. Se gat2ir f khatiye khav,\ Se se keie iok.f 

6. Could we poor people afford to live in Calcutta ? 

H . HafN jaise gharib ddmiyoh kd Kalkatte men guzdra ho 
saktd hai ? 

B. Amdder m2,t^n g2irih (or din duhkhi }) loker ki K^ilkdtdy ^ 
thdkd posdy ? or K2ilkdtdv has kard amdder m2,t2in 
g2irih loker karmm2i nay,\ 

7. Do it at once, or I'll beat you. 

H. Kama hai to abht karo, nahih to turn hamdre hath se 
mar khd.oge (or, idiom., ham ttimhdri khahar lehgr), 

B. K2Lrbe t2L ekhsini kar^,, naile dmdr kachhe mar khdhe. 

8. D— m voii ! 

H. Kam-hakht kahih kd ! 

B. Dur tor hat^bhdgd kothdkdr or A mzl^L ]d ! 

9. 1 don't want to hear anything. Show me your ticket. 

I'll realise the excess fare from you. 

H. I/am kiichh sunnd nahih chdhte. Apnd tikat dikhld.o^ 
Ham tum se hdrhti (ox /dzil) kirajd lehge, 

B. Ami kofJB. kathd sunte chd.i nd. Tomdr tikit dtkhd.o, 
Avii tomdr thehge (or kdch theke) besi bhdfd dddy k2LZe 

• C. S., TOfl^*, 

t Vide last note on page 99. 

X Appositive. See note 2 on page 91. 

§ Note that the negative here corresponds to the interrogative in 


10. The freight of the goods must be paid here and the 

Railway Company will not be responsible for any 
damage or loss in transit. 

H. Mdl ka mahsul yahlh adi karna hoga, aur agar yih mdl 
gum ho-jdyCyd is ko kuchh nuqsdn pahuhshe to ^Relwe 
Kampani ' is kl zimma-wdr (or jawab-dih) nahih. 

B. Maler mdsul e^i kh^ne^i dite habe^ dr pat he mdl t^chhrup 
h^He bd khqyd gele ^Rel KompdnV tar ddyi habe n&, 


1 1 . You've come so far without a ticket.* You'll have to 

pay the doubte t fare. If information is sent to the 
Police, you'll be kept in the hajat. 

H. Turn I'tni dUr bighair iikat he chale d^e. Turn ko * dabal 
(or dugnd or dUnd f) bhdrd dend hogd. Agar Pulis ko 
khabar (or ittjild^) di jd^e to wuh turn ko hdjat mth 

B. E/a dUr ttktt nd niye (or E/a dUr bind tikite ) eyechz,. 
Tomdke^ 'dabzl' (or dunof) bhdrd dite habe. Pulise 
khab2ir dile tomdke hdjzte rekhe debe. 

12. If you don't make arrangements for taking delivery of 

the goods when they arrive their destination, you'll 
have to pay demurrage. 

H. yab mdl apne thikdne par pahuhchegd aur us ko chhofd 
le-jdne kd sdmdn nahlh kijiyegd to dp ko * dimdrij ' 
(or harjdnd) dend hogd, 

B. Mdl thikdndy pauhchh^ule khdldser bandobast2i ]ai.di nd 
thdke, td'h^Jle khesdr^t dite habe. 

• Booking office, H. tika]'ghar ; B. tikii ghar. 

t Three times, H. ti-guna or se-guna; B. tin gur^] four times, 
H. ckau-gunZ ; B. char gut} ; etc. 



13. You'll have to change train at Ambala. The Bombay 

Mail goes via Gaya. I'll get down at Benares. I 
may break my journey on the way for a day or two."* 

H. Turn ko Amhale men gdrl hadalni hogi, Bamba^i kl 
Dak Gayd ho-kar jdtl hai\ Alain Bandras men 
utruhgd. Shdvad raste men do ek din ke live kahlh 
utarnd pare, 

B. Tomdke Amhdldy gdrl bad late (or bads^l kz.rte) hahe, 
Bombd^i 'meV Gayd h2iye ]a\\ Ami Bendrase ndb'b2i, 
Rdstdy du tk diner j^jiye kothdyO ndble,o ndbte pdri. 

14. The jute mills are now working well. How many 

gunny f bags will your boat % hold .? 
H. Pdt ki kaleh in dinoh achchhi chalti haih. Tumhdrl 

kishti men kitne bore d (or lade jay sakte haih} 
B. Pdter kal guli djkdl bes ch2ilihe. Totmr naukoy (prop. 

naukdy) kat2i th2ile dh2irl>e (or dh^te pare) ? 

1 5. Our manager is a nice man. You can ask him about 

this. He may give you some samples gratis, 
H. Ham logon ke 'rnanejar Sahib achchhe ddmi haih §. Is 

bdre men dp un se puchh-sakte haih. Kuchh namiina 

dp ko wuh muft desakte haih. 
B. Amdder ^menejdr' Sdheb bars, bhdld, lok, Apni tdhke 1| 

e bisaye (or sambandhe) Jigges ksirle pdren ^. Tini 

dpandke kichhu n2imund 2imni (or muphtz or dam nd 

niye) dile,o dite pdren. 


Note the order in which *a day or two' is expressed in H. and B. 
t Gunny-cloth=H. tat\ B. chat. 

X Row-boat (open), H. deiig'i ; B. diTlgi : ditto (covered), H. panso,i ; 
B. panst. 

$ Plural for respect. 

II The nasal n inserted in pronouns is a sign of respect. 

5r The final n indicates respect. 


3 6» The trade * in timber is not very paying. Do you 

understand the coal business ? He has travelled 
through Ceylon. 

H. Lakrl kl tij,qj'at men kuchh aisa na/a^ nahlh hai\ 
Ko^ele ka kdm dp Jdnte hathl Sildn (or Lanka or 
Sangaldip) kl sair us ne kl hai, 

B. Kdter kdrhdre /emdiu paysd ne^i, Apni ki kayldr 
kdj hojhen ? Tini Lankdy beriye (or qhiire) ey$chen. 

17. They have extensive machinery workshops. 
H. Un ke kal ke bare bare f kdr-khdne ha in, 

B. Tdhder mast2i mast2i f kaler kdrkhdnd dchhe, 

18. You must deposit some portion of the price in 

advance before taking delivery. 

H, Qabl is ke ki dp mdl le-jd^eh, qlviat kd kuchh rupiya dp 
ko. amdnat rakhnd (or dp ko peshgl jama* kar dend) 

B. (Mdl) ^dilibhdrl' nobdr dge dgdm kichhu tdkdjamd dite 
(or rdkhte) habe {01 jamd de.oyd chdj), 

19. We allow a large commission on purchases over 

Rs. 100. He acted contrary to my orders. 

H Sau rUpiya se ziydda kl khariddrl ( or saudd ) ho to ham 
log bahut ^kamlshan' dete haih. Us ne mere hukm kt 
khildf kdm kiyd, 

B. E^ ia tdkdr bell jinis nile (or kifile) dmrd moid ^kz.niisdn 
di (or diye thdki). Amdr hukumer thik hipzrlt {ot 
ulto) k2Jre b2Lsl?i, 

* Tradesman, H. kar-o-barl ; B. byabasadar or byapari. 
t Here the repetition implies plurality. 


ao. (a) This honey is the best honey available in the 

market. You had better try it. (6) This tries the 
eyes, (c) He'll come no more. 

H. (a) Fth shahd bdzdr bhar men sab se bihtar hat, Ap 
zard is ko le-jd-kar dekhiye to sahl, (b) Is se dhkhoh 
par bahut zor porta hat. (c) Wuh ab habht na d,egd 
or Wuh ab d chukd (ironical). 

B. (a) E,i m2Ldhu (or mau) bdjdrer sera, Apni barzng 
par^ikh k^Jre dekhte pdren, (b) Ete chokher bar2i 
kash. hay, (c) Se dr dsbe (or dsche) nd or (ironical) 
Se ebi dr ki ? or Se dr eyeche. 

21. Our main firm is on the Strand Road, just facing the 


H. Ham logon ki sadar kothl Estarand Rod par, Ganga 
ke rukh par hat. 

B. Amdder bar2L aphis Strand roder opidjr (or dhdre)^ 
Gangdr thik sdmne (or sdmnd sdmni), 

22. Have your terms settled first, then you. may take any 

quantity you like. 

H. Pahle ddm chukd (or tai kar) lijiye, phir jitnd mdl 

chdhiye le-jd^iye. 
B. dar-td thik k2irun (or nin), tdr par ja/a 

ichchhe neben or Age ddm-td chukti kdJre nin, tdr 

par jtf/a nite hay neben. 

23. How do you sell the Elephant brand oil % nowadays ? 
H. Aj kal hdthi mdrk tel dp kis bha.o bechte haih ? 

B. Aj kdl hdti mdrkd tel ki dare bechchen ? 

* Oilman, H. tell ; B. k^klu. Oil-cake, H. kh^lli, B. khol. 


24, You had better go now. You may come to me some 

other day. Fll now go for a drive. 

H. Is waqtdpjd.iye, Aur km roz d,iyega, Ab ham gdfi 
men hawd khdne jd,ehge, 

B. AJ dpni yin, Ar ek din Uikhdt.n * dsben. Ami e^i bUf 
gdri k2i 're borate ber^iba., 

25. Good bye, see me again in a day or two. I'll give 

you a good up-to-date lantern. 

H. Saldm (or ^kudd hxfi^ f), do ek roz ba^d phir milyegd. 
Main dp ko ek achehhi nae ^fishin ' ki Idltain dUngd. 

B. NiniBskdr, du ek diner bhe/^r dbdr dekhd kd^rben, 
Apandke djkaler ^phtsdner* ekii khdsd Idnthdn dobz» 


{a) Stretch out your hand, (b) Take out the clothes 
and sun them, {c) Don't tell any body. (</) They 
think too highly of themselves. 

H. (a) JId/h phaild^o, (b) Kapre nikdUkar dhup ?neh 
ddlo (or rakkho) or Kaproh ko nikdl-kat dhUp do 
(or dikhd,o or khild,o). (c) Kisl se (not ko) na kahnd. 
[d) Wuh apne ko bard khaydl karte haih or Wuh 
apne ko bahut kuchh samajhte haih, 

B. (a) Hdt bdfd.o. (b) Kdp^^f chopdif % gulo bar k2i're rode 
(or roddure) dd,o, (c) Kd,uke b2i'l3L nd, (d) Tdnder 
m2Lne mdine barsLjahk or Tdhrd bhdrl hdmbard lok. 

♦ Expletive, vide first note on page 100. 

t This phrase is used only at the time of departure. 

X Meaningless appositive. 


2. (a) The news spread throughout the country, (b) You 

are too talkative, (c) Don't touch me. (d) I saw 
a corpse floating on the river. 

H. (a) Mulk hharfnehyih kJuxhar mashhftr (or mushtahar) 
ho'ga a^r... khabar phail ga^l. (b) Tt4m bare bakwasl 
(or hakku, bakki, bakbakyd) ho. (c) Ham ko na 
chha.o. (d) Main ne darrci men ek lash bahil huj 

B. (a) Khabdit'ti (or sangbad-il ) s2imAs/?L dese rdsfr2i ksij'e 
p2irl2L. (b) Tumi bar2i bachal (or best hatha ka,o) or 
Tumi ^^^fi ^^Jf bak2L, (c) Amdke chhuho na.. 

(d) N^idtte ekfd mard ( or mudd2j- ; Ids ) bhdschr 
dekhlum ox.,, mard bhese idrhchhilz. dekhichhilum* 

3. (a) Go with him with your rifle. {U) WTiy do you- 

speak without knowing.? (r) Hindus worship many^ 
gods. (</) I don't deserve so much kindness. 
( ^ ) He visits Bombay every year. 

H. (a) Apnt raifal le-kar us ke sdth jd.o. (b) Jab ma'liivi 
hi nahih to bolte kvuh ho ? (c) Hindu bahutert 
deotd.oh ko pujte ha in. (d) Itni mihrbdni kd math 
mustahiqq nahih or Itni mihrbdni ke tdjg main nahin 
hah. (e ) Wuh sal kd sal (or Wuh sal men ek martaba 
(or dafa) ) Bamba.t jdtd hai. 

B. (a) Tomdr b^nduk niye tar saage \d^o. (b) Xd jene 
kathd ka.o ken2L ? or ^<J/ia nd /a balte ]d,o ^e»a ?■ 
(c) Hihduvd anek debid (or thdkur) pnjo (prop. 
pujd) kare. (d) Ami et2L (or rz/a) daydr pdtra. nzH,. 

(e) Przti batszr tini tk bar k?ire Bombdye ydn (or 
Bombd,i h2.[ye dsen). 


4. (a) How else can it be ? (d) At that very moment 

I beat him severely, (c) Comb your hair with this 
ivory comb, (d) Wet the cloth and it will shrink. 

(e) Cut it in two parts. (/*) Cut it into pieces. 

H. (a) Is ke stwdy aur kaun si surat hat. (b) Usi waqt 
main ne use khuh dande laga.c. (c) Is hathi dant ki 
kahght se apne hdl jhdro. (d) Is kapre ho turn 
hhigd^o to wuh sukregd. (e) Is ke do tukre kar ddlo. 

(f ) Is ko tukre tukre * kar ddlo, 

6. (a) E chhdrd dr ki rakd^m h^He pdre ? (b) Se^i S2^maye^i 
(or ?nuhurtfe,i) take dchchhd k2^re thehgiye (or pr^ihdr) 
diyechhilum. (c) Ed hdtir ddhter chuutfi diye (or 
A'aV^ or niye^ tomdr chut dhchfd,o. (d) ITdpzrtd 
bhij2ile,i gutiye ]d'be, (e) Etdke du tukro karz, 
(or ka're phe/a). (f ) Etdke tukro tukro * karB,. 

5. (a) He has no courage f. (b) Pronounce this word 

properly, (c) Can you spell h? (d) Dip your 
thumb in iced water, (e) I'm quite disgusted with 

H. (a) L^s ko kuchh himmat nahlh hai. (b) Is laf^ ko 
thlk kar-ke bolo (^or talaffuz, karo). (c) Is ki hijje 
kar sakte ho ? (d) Baf^ ke pdni men apnd ahguthd 
ddlo (or duhd,o), (e) Ham to us se hilkull ^djiz ho 
ga,e ox. ..hilkull tang a ga.e. 

fi. (a) Tar kkhchhu sahsis ?ie,i or Se bara, bhitu (lit., 
timid), (b) Kathdtd thik (or suddhu) kdJre uchchdran 
ka. a. (c) Etd ki idnan t^orie para ? (d) Baraph 
ide.oya) jole fomdr buro dftgultd duba^o. (e) Tar 
opa.r ami titibirakta. ha!yechi. 

* Note the repetition. 

t Coward, H. dar-pok or na-7fjard ; B. kapurus. 


6. (a) China is East of Burma, (b) In India Muslims 

face the West when praying, {c) To the South of 
the forest there is a temple of Siva, (t/) Go direct 
to the North, (e) Is the number of the house odd 
or even ? (/) Muslims fast for a month every 
year, (g) He has been fasting 3 days, (h) Wash 
the wound with tepid water. ( 1 ) Love one another. 
( / ) Strain through a fine cloth. 

H. (a) C/iin Barmd ke purab men hai, (b) Hindustan 
men Musalmdn namaz farhte waqt pachchham ki 
taraf muhh for rukH) karfe haih, (c) Jangal (or ban) 
ke dakkhan Shiv kd ek mandar (or shiw&la) hai, 

(d) Sidhe uifar ja^o, (e) Makdn kd nambar tjdq (or 
phut)haiydju/t(oTJora)} (f) Musalmdn har sal 
ek mahind roza rakhte hath, (g) Wuh tin din se/dqa^ 
[ Hin. upds ] hai. (h) Susum (or shir-garm ; nim- 
garni) pant se zakhm dho,o. (i) A pas men mahabbat 
rakkho. (j) Mahln kapre men chhdno, 

B. (a) Chin des Barmdr * purbe f. (b) Bhdrditbarse 
MusTilmdnerd nemdj parbdr S2imqy pdJchim dike 
mukh kare. (c) Bdiner d^ikkhine } ekfi sibdlay (or siber 
msindir) dchhe. (d) Bardlz,/' (or sidhe) i///ar dike ]d,o, 

(e) Bdrir namb2i,rtdjor nd bijor ?§ (f) Mus2Llmdnerd 
pr2ili bats^r ek mas ( ksi're ) rojd rdkhe, (g) Se 
tin din {dhzie) upzs kdJre dchhe. (h) ^//a alp^ 
gar2im jal diye ghd-td dhtiye phtl^ (fut. phelo). 

(f) Pai2ispar bhdldibeso, (j) 'Ekkhdnd pdtld (or mihi) 
ntkrd diye (or X'aVtf) chhdhksL (fut. chhehkd). 

* C. S., barmmSra. t C. S., purwe. It also means 'before'. 

X C. S., dakqine. 

^ Note that the Bengalis generally say 'even or odd.' 


7. (a) The table is covered with dust. Dust it well 

with a duster f. (^) Polish my shoes with this 
blacking, {c) The month is over. I want to clear 
the account every month. 

H. (a) Mez gard (or d/iUl) se hhar-ga^l hai (full of). 
Jhdran se achi h ' i tdiah se jhdro (brush), (b) Is siyaJii 
se merajiiid * burush ' karo or Vih siydhl mere jute par 
lagd.o (or charhd^o). (c) Mahlnd khatm ho gayd. 
Ham mah'me mahlne * hisdb chukd dend chdhtt haih. 


B. (a) Tebiltd dhuhy dhu!o f,2Jyeche or Tebiltd dhuloy 
bh2!re y^,\yeche (or g^che), Jhdr2,n diye bhdh. (or be's) 
k2ire jhdr2L (or pohch^.). (b) Amdr jutotd e^i kali 
diye ' bur us ' kar2L, (c) Mas kdbdr (or ses) h^^yeche 
(or h2^ye g^che), Mdse mdse* (or Phi mase) ami hiseb 
mittye (or chukiye or nikes koire) phelfe chd,t\ 

S. Do you know Mr. Parker ? Whom did you say ? 

...Mr. Parker .? No, I don't know him ...yet, stay I 
yes, I think I've seen him... somewhere, — in Paris, 

H. Ap Pdrkar ^dhib ko jdnie ham ? Kis ke bare men dp tie 
kahdh,.Pdrkar Sahib ? Nahih, main to un ko nahih 
jdntd...zard thahariye^ hahj ydd -partd hai, ki main 
ne un ko,..kahih,.,dekhd hai, — shdyad Paris men. 

B. Apni ki Pdrkdr Sdhebke chenen^ Kdke bz.llen}... 
Pdrkdr Sdhebke} K2i,i nd, dmi /a tdhke chini ni... 
dchchhd ddhrdn, hydh, tdhke \tti^,.,kothdy,,,dekhichi 
dekhii'hi m2ine hdJchche, Perise^i habe {OT,..sambh2L- 
batdJk P^rise). 

♦ Note the repetition. 

t Broom, H. j'haru ; B.Jhahia or khtngr a. Table cloth, \:i, men 
ki chadar ; B. tebiler chadar. 


9. (a) After a little while he moved towards her a ste]> 

or two *. {6) He was fanning her slowly with a 

fan of peacock's plumbs, (c) I felt in my pocket 
. for the purse but couldn't find it. 

H. (a) 77iorl der ke ba' d ivuh do ek* qadam us kt taraf 

harhci. (b) Wuh un ko mor ke par kd pankha 

lihista ah is fa f jhal rahd thd, (c) Main ne jeb men 

hatuA tatnld, lekin mild nahth, 
• • • 

B. (a) Ektu (or Kichhukkh^kti) part se tdr dike du ^k*^ 

pd egire ge/s,. (b) MsLyGr puchchher (or pdhker\ 

pdkhd diye (or k^^re) se tdhkt dste dsfef hd^oyd (or hdtds) 

k?Lrchhil^. (c) Paket hd/riye tdkdr *beg' pelum nd, 

le. {a) He sneers at everything. (/>) He'll be here by 

quarter to 11. {c) It's past 10. (d) Wherever I 
am, I always keep my ears well open, (e^ What 
ails you ? {f) You're a strange fellow. 

H. (a) Wuh har chlz par ndk bhauh % charhdtd hai., 

(b) Paune gvdrah baje tak wuh yahdh d-jd.egd^ 

(c) Das baj ga,e. (d) Ham jahdh kahlh bhl hoh^ 
apne kdn hamesha khare \ rakhte haih, (e) Kis bdt 
ki takllf hat ? (f ) 7 urn to Uijab tamdshe ke ddmt 

B. (a) Se sak2il kafhdy-i ndk senfkdy. (b) Paune 
egdr2ifdr hhei2^r (or m^dhye) se htihd dshe. (c) Dasta 
heje gerhe. (d) Ami ykhdneJ ihdki nd kcn2i. dmdr 
kdn thik khdrd \ thdke. (e) Tomdr ki kasf?^ hz-'chche ? 
(y) 7)fmi ek adbhut (or kimbhut kimdkdr) lok. 

♦ Indians say * two or one '. 

t Note the repetition. 

X Lit.f eyebrow, B., bhuru (prop. bkru). 

\ Lit., erect. 


11. (a) IVe a letter to write home, (b) The heat is 

rather trying, (c) It's growing late, (d) The late 
Babu Durga Nath. (e) The late secretary of this 

H. (a) Mujhe ghar khaij, likhnd hai. (b) {Aj) hart sakht 
(or kardke kt) garnii hai. (c) Der ho rahl hat. 

(d) Bdhu Durgd Ndth viutawaffd *. (e) Is anjuman 
ke sabiq sikartar (or sikaitar ; st'kartarf). 

B. (a) Bdrite (or ghare) ek khdnd chiti likhte habe. 
(b) ( Aj ) bhaydn2ik gd^rmi {or gumot), (c) Deri h2Clz, 
(or h2ive \dchche). (d) -Sar^/ya f Durgd Ndth Bdbn. 

(e) ^ sabhdr sdbek (or dgekdr) sekretdri, 

12. Have you worked in any other mill before this .^ 

How long did you work there } You'll have to 
work here for 3 hours more than the usual time. 
You'll get 12 annas for each working day. 

H. Aur ktst kal-ghar men is ke pahle turn ne kdm kiyd hai} 
Kitne din wahdh kdm kiyd ? Ma^mfili waqt se turn 
koyahdh tin ghante ziydda kdm karnd hogd. (c) Jis 
roz kdm hogd us roz ke bdrah dne milehge. 

B. Ar kona kale ki er dge (or par be J ) kdj kdirech^L ? 
Sethd kaddin (prop. kat^L din) kdj k^'rechhile^ 
Nirddist^L S2imayer cheye lomdke ekhdne tin ghantd best 
khdtte ha be, ]abe ]abe kdj habe (or idiom., Chhuti 
chhdtd r2ib'bdr bdde) tumi bdr^ dnd kz're roj pdbe. 

• Muslims use mutawaffa (fem. tnutawaff^ya) or anjahan'i for any 
deceased non-Muslim, and marhum (fem. markuma) for a deceased 
Muslim. Some Muslims, however, use marhum for Jews and Christians 
also, but not for Hindus. 

t C. S., svarglya, from svarga=HeSiyen ; H. bihisht. Hell, 
H. Jahannam\ B. narak. 

X Vide note on page 1 20. 

, ^ 


13. (a). The wheels are not properly cleansed. Rub them 

well with sand paper *. (d) The machine rdom is 
locked from inside. Ask the Jemader to open it. 
(V) He ought to have been here by this time. 
i^d) He is always talking scandal. 

H. (a) Pahye (or chakke) ashchhi tarah se sdf nahih kiyt 
ga,e hath. . Reti kd^haz se khub sdf karo. (b; Kal 
ke kamre men andar se idld band hai. Jama^^ddr ko 
kholne kaho, (c) Us ko to ah tak yahdh pahuhch 
jdnd {chdhiye) thd, (d) Wuh hamesha dusroh ki 
burd,i baydn kartd hai. 

B. (a) Chdkd gulo bhdlz. sdph (or psiriskdr) hay ni. Siris 
kdgy diye ogulo bes kz're ghasz, (or ragf%o). (b) Kal 
ghar bhetdif dik Iheke bandhz. (or de,oyd) dchhe. 
Jamdddrke khule dite bah. (c) Y.hkkhd^ne tar ekhdne 
dsd uchit chhiU. (d) Se rdt din (or 1.SV din rdttir) 
parer ninde (or kuchchh2i) k2ire berdy. 

14. [a) Don't you know what happened on Monday last ? 

(b) 29 bags of rice were missing at Jetty No. 3. 

(c) Keep the boat passes with you for the present. 

(d) Don't rouse me too far. 

H. (a) Kuchh khabar hai pichhle somwdr ko kyd hu,d} 

(b) ' Jati ' nambar tin se chdival ke untls bore gha.- 
ib ho-ga.e the. (c) ' Bot ' ke ' pds' is waqt apne pas 
rakh'ihhoro. (d) Ham ko ziydda f chhero mat. 

B. (a) Ge/a sombdr ki hdJyechhih jdnz nd? (b) 7V// 
namb2ir ' jeti ' theke tint r is bastd chdl gum h^yechhih. 

(c) Naukor ' pds' gulo dpdtat^Ji \p\ ^khznkdr,n) tomdr kdchhe.i rdkh2i (or thdk or thakuk). 

(d) Amdke best ghdhti.o nd (b^lchi). 

* Glue, H. saresh ; B. sirU. f Lit., more. Jasti is vulgar. 



15. {a) Weigh * all the bales of jute lying there and tell 

me the total weight, {b) How many bags of flourf 
are there in the corner ? (c) Who is the consignee 
of these goods ? Who is the broker ? {d) Can you 
tell me where furniture can be had on hire ? 

H. (a) Pat ke gdhfh jo wak&h pare haih un sahhoh ko 
tolo (or wazn kar ddlo), aur hameh baid,o ki sab 
mila-kar wazn men kiine hu,e, (b) Us kone men 
kitne haste ate ke haih ? or Us kone (or goshe) men 
kitni tanglyah ate ki haih ? (c) In mdloh kd hhejne 
(or chdldn dene) wdid kaun hat'} Dalldl Maun hat} 
(d) Batd sakte ho ki kirdye kd asbdb kahdh milegd ? 

B. (a) Okhdne \e pater gdht gulo p2Jre dchhe oja.n kar2Ly 
dr mot oJ2Ln katsi hay dmay ^a/a. (b) Kone ka hasid 
dtd r2t.yeche (or dchhe)} (c) E mat gulo kdr ndme 
d^khz. /a ? or ^ mat gulo ke pathiyeche ? Ddldl ke ? 
(d) Asbdb patlz.r kothdy bhdrd pd^oyd ]dy bdJlte pdr^ ? 

16. Keep a close watch upon these newcomers. They 

are not to be trusted. Tell the outsiders to leave 
this place. What's this row for ? 

H. In na^e dne wiloh ki nigah-bdni (or khaharddri) [Hin. 
dekh hhdr\ karte raho, Un par hharosd nahih karnd 
chdhiye. Bdhar ke logon ko kaho ki yahdh se chale, Vih shor-o-ghul (or ghul ghapdrd) kyUh hai ? 

B. E,i nditun lok gulor op2ir khuh najzr rekho, Oder 
bissds kard jete pare nd, Bd'irer (or utkz) lokder 
het'theke (prop, hethd theke) {chdJle) \ete balB.. 
Kiser golmil ? or GolmdHd kiser ? 

• Weigh anchor, H. langar uhana ; B. naJlgdr tola, 
t Flour of finer quality -^^H. maida \ B. may da. Bran, H. bhusl ■ 
B. bhu^i. 


17. See whether the tins are empty or full. Did you 

count the bags when they were carted ? The work 
is slack * now. 

H. Dekho to tin sab khali haih ya hhare} Turn ne 
iangiyoh ko gin iiyd thd^ jab wuh gdri par rakkhl ga,i 
thin ? Aj kal kam kam f (or stisi, lit., slow; or ^hild) 

B. Dtkhz. tdi. tin (or k^nestdrd) gulo khali nd {ox ki) 

bhard ( or bhz.tti ). (b) Gdrit: bojhd.i habdr ssimay 
thdile gulo ki gunechhile ? El'^a;; kdj kamm% % bhdri 
dhile (or im.ndd \dchche). 

18. (a) We drove round the town after lunch in a carriage 

drawn by 2 horses, {b) The flies and mosquitoes 
here are exceedingly troublesome, {c) The main 
thoroughfares were under water, to say nothing of 
the lanes and bye-lanes. 

H. (a) Tisre pahar ko ndshU {or ' ti/an' ) ke ba''d ham 
logon ne jori par sawdr ho-kar shahr ki chdroh tflraf 
sair ki. (b) Yahdh makkhiyoh aur machchharoh se 
ndk men dam hai. (c) Gali ktichoh kd to kyd puchhnd 
hat, bari barl \ sarkoh par pdni lagd hu,d thd (or 
sarkeh sai'ldb ho-ga^i thin ). 

B. Balkdle {ox bikel b^la ) jal tal kheye (or khdbdr par) 

Juri gdri kdJre (or thdL^re ) dmrd sah2Lrtd ghurichhilum 

(or ghure elutn ). (b) Ekhdne mdchhi tnosdr jdldy\\ 

lok asthir hay. (c) G^li ghuhjir /a kathdA nej^ 

barz. bar2L \ rdstdgulo^o jale dube gechhldi. 

* Heavy, H. bahut ; B. jor. f Lit., little. Kafnti is vulgajr. 

% Vide last note on page 91. \ Note the repetition. 

C. S., jvalaya. 


19. (a) Your account* is wrong, (b) I saw you running 

after a pickpocket, (c) I have bought 2 almarahs 
for you and 3 for my own use. (</) The cornice f is 
beyond my reach. 

H. (a) Tumhdra hisdb- ^alal ^^^- (t>) Ham ne turn ko 
ek jeh'katre ke plchhe danrie dekhd. (c) Ham ne do 
almdriyah dp ke liye aur tin apne liye khartdi hath, 
(d) Vih kdrnis men pahuhch se bdhar hat. 

B. (a) Tomdr hiseb bhtil hz!yeche. (b). Tomdke ek gdht- 
kdtdr pechhdine pechh2Lne daurz.te dekhichhilum, 
(c) A?jii tomdr J2inye du'to dr dftidr nijer (or dpndr) 
byabdihdrtr jznye tinte dlmdri kinichi, (d) Kdrnis-td 
ami n^gdl (or hat) pd,i nd. 

20. Do you know this for certain .? What has happened to 

you } Are you speaking seriously ? Where did you 
alight } Where were you this morning ? For whom 
are you looking } 

H. Kyd tutu ko thik (or yaqinl taur par) ma'lum hait 
Tumhdre sdth kyd wdqi^a hu,d hat? Haqiqat men (or 
Thik thik) ka 'ite ho ? Ttim kahdh utre ? Aj subh 
kahdh the ? Kis ko iaidsh karte ho ? or Ilis ki taldsh 
men ho ? 

B. Thik jdnd. (t2.) ? Tomdr ki hz'yeche} J athdrthz. bzHchz.} 
Tumi kothdy (or kon khdhe) nehechhik ? Aj sakdle 
kothdy chhtle ? Kake khuhjchz, ?. 

♦ Cash account, H. rokar-f^isab ; B. rokar-kiseb. Cash-book, H. 
rokar-baht : B. rokar-kkata. 

t Foundation, H. bunyad ; B. banned or patta.n or bhit. Stair, H. elna 
or sirhi (also ladder) ; B. sihri or dhap. Gate, H. phaiak ; B. pkatak. 
Parapet, H. sina-panah ; B. chhader alse. Drain, H. mori ; B. naddama 
or muhurl. Enclosure-wall, H. char-diwari ; B. paiichil. Stable, 
H. astabal ; B. a-'sfabal. Kitchen, H. bawarcki-khana ; B. ranna-ghar 
rzsUfi-ghar or hehkel ghat. 


21. (a) Why are you in a hurry ? I've a long way to go^ 

(d) I'll do my utmost to have it ready by 
to-morrow, (c) When shall we have the pleasure 
of seeing you again? (d) Is there any one here 
who knows Sanskrit? (e) He was very nearly 
drowned. (/) Is there any engraver here ? I want 
to have i seal and 4 badges engraved. ( ^ ) It is 5 
by my watch. (A) He begs from door to door. 

H. (a) Turn jaldi men kyuh ho ? Mujh ko bahui dur 
jdna hai. (b^ Ham se jahdh tak ho sakegd kal is ko 
tayydr kar ddlne kl koshish kareh^^e. (c) Ap se phir 
muldqdi kd mauqa^ kah milegd} (d) Ko,t aisd ddmi 
yahdh hai* jo Sanskrit jdntd ho* } (e) Wuh dnhte 
dUhte^ bach gayd. (f) Yahdh ko,i muhr-kan hai ?^ 
Main eh muhr aur chdr chdprds khoddnd chdhtd 
huh. (g) Merl ghari men pdhch baje haih, (h) Wuh 
dar-hadar bhlkh mdngtd phirtd hai, 

B, (a) Tomdr e/a tdrdtdri kiser} Amdke anek dur ]eie 
habe. (b) Kdlker mdidhye eta tairi (or thik^ kz're 
rdkhte prdnpane (or sddhy2imz.f2C) chestd ksLrb^.. 

(c) Pher kabe dschen (or dekhd pd^oyd ]dbe) b2^lun. 

(d) Ekhdne ki ke,u sangskrit^ jdnd lok dchhen ? 

(e) Se dubte dubte f behche g^che or Ar ektu hzHe^i 


se dubechhilz, or Se dubechhil2i dr ki. (f) Hethd ke^u 
khodd^i-kar dchhe ? Ami Qktd sil moh^r dr chart e 
chdprds khodd,i kardte chdyi. (g) Amdr gk^rlie 
pdhchtd bejeche. (h) Se dore dore bhikke k2L*re 
(or mege) berdy. 

* ICo,l always requires singular verb unless such a word as ' fo^ib ' or 
' BabU \ etc., is used after it. * 

t Here the repetition implies the idea of *' almost ". 


22. (a) We seldom see him nowadays, (d) Last Thurs- 

day I came to see you but I found you gone out. 

H. (a) C/n se to ah mul&qdt hi nahih hotl or, idiom., Aj 
kal wuk to ^anqa * stfat (or wuh to ^Id kd chand f or 
wtih to gular kd phUlX) ho ga,e haih [//V.=he has 
become like the 'anqd (or the new moon of the 'Id or 
the flower of the fig) ]. (b) Ham pichhle juma'rdt dp 
se milne d^e the, magar dp hdhar chale ga,e the, 

B. fa) Tdhke dj kdl kakhtim, sakhiinz § dekhte pd.oyd \dy or 
Aj kdl tdhr d^khd sondr ndm^i ne,i or Tini dj kdl 
dumur phul % hdijechen. (b) Gatdi. (or gth) brthdi- 
sp2itibdr apndr kdchhe esichhilum, kintu dpni takh?i?t 
heriye gechhlen (or dpni takhditi bdrl chhilen nd). 

23. {a) I've no knowledge of it whatever, {b) She has 


a good knowledge of Punjabi, (r) I'm invited 

H. (a) Hameh is ki kuchh bhi khabar nahih, (b) Wuh 
pdnjdbi achchhi tarah jdnti haih or Un ko pdnjdbl 
men achchhi liydqat hai, (c) Merl da'wdt dilsri jagah 

B. (a) Ami er (bindu bisargz) kichhu,i jdni ni, (b) Tini 
pdnjdbi bes jdnen or Tdhr pdnjdblte bes dakhdil \\ dchhe, 
(c) Amdr ^ny^ijdygdy nem2Lnt2inndL ^ dchhe. . 

• Mn^5, a fabulous bird. 

t On the eve of the 'Ti, Muslims break their annual fast of 30 days on 
9l0eiAg the new moon appearing on the western horizon. The expression 
*ld ka ckAnd signifies the earnestness with which the moon of the ^Id is 

looked for by millions. 

X Indian fig trees are supposed to bear no blossom. 

S Meaningless apposiliVe. 

II "Lit, ' command, proticffency '. Also means ' posses»ton '. 

iT Colloquial for niihU¥itf'a%M^ Here the final a is not written nor 
pronounced ; it is inherent in ^,« 



24. That wall will fall down. It is not strong enough. 

Prop it up with beams on both sides. The beams 
should be 9 inches square. 

H. Wuh diwdr gir ja,egi. Wuh ka/t (or ziydda or khub) 
mazhui^ nahih. Is ko donoh tarafse karyoh se thunl 
do (or . . . kar von se sahhhdlo or sahdrd do) or Is ke 
donoh jdnib bargoh ki thunl lagd,o. Karyoh ko nau 
murabba^ inch hand chdhiye or Har ek karl nau 
murabba' inch honl chdhiye. 

B. O d^ltd p2Cre ]dbe. Ota tatsi my but niy, Otdke du 
dhdr (or dik) theke korir chdrd dd^o (or diye rdkhdC), 
Kzrlgulo je//a nay nay kdther hay, 

25. (a) Look for a dry place. ()) Here there is not the 

least dampness, (c) Level the ground properly. 
{d) Nobody keeps well here, {e) I've seen it with 
my eyes, {f) I've come to school without taking 
my breakfast. 

H. (a) Ko^t khushk [ Hin. sukhi'\ jagah taldsh karo, 

(b) Vahdh zard bhi naml [Hin. «/] nahih. 

(c) Zamin ko khub chauras (or hamwdf) karo, 

(d) Ko^i dJml yahdh tandurust or achchha) nahih 
• rahtd. (e) Main ne us ko apnl dhkhoh se dekhd hai. 

(f) Ham khdnd (or hdziri) khd^t-bighatr iskul d,e baih. 

, B. (a) Y.ktd sukno * jdygd khohJ2i, (b) Ekhdne dd^Lpe 
sQhfsthtdni ne^i. (c) y^Lmitd bes ksi^re chaur2^ ka^Si. 
(d) Ekhdne ke,u (or kon2i lok) bhdh thdke nd or 
Ekhdne sakdil loker-i asukh kare (or hay), (e) Ami 
sachdikkhe f dekhichi^ (f) Ami nd kheye iskule eyichi. 

. ; ; ; 1 

* Colloquial for '^Mf^a'. 
t C. S., svachai§e. 


• - « ... , ^ i_ 


1. (a) My riding horse has got very thin. You must 

feed him more. This is not the same kind of grain 
you formerly gave him. (d) The mule has a sore 
back. Don't work it. Fatten it up. 

H. (a) iJferi rdn-saivdn kd ghord hahut dub Id ho-gayd hai\ 
Tumheh chdhiye ki us ko ziydda ddna diyd karo or 
Tumheh us ki khordk barhd denl chdhiye. Yih to 
wuht (or us qism kd) ghalla (or andj or ddna) nahih 
jo turn us ko pahle diyd (or khildya) karte the, 
(b) Khachchar kl pith lag ga,i hai (or pith men 
zakhni hai). h se kdm mat lo. Is ko khild khild * 
ke motd (or tdza) karo. 

B. (a) Amdr charhdr ghordtd bkdri rogd h'^ye geche. 
Tomdke er dand bdriye dite habe or Er khordk tomdr 
bdriye de,oyd chad. Age ]d dite e se rak^m ddnd nay, 

(b) {Khachch2ir) ghordtdr pit he ghd -hz.yeche. Otdke 
khdti^o nd. .Otdke khd^ye khd^ye * moid kara,, 

2. (a) This harness does not fit. {b) Her horse jibbed 

at the ditch, (c) The Mem Saheb's horse in turning 
fell and hurt its leg. . 

H. (a) Fih sdz us par thik tiahih dtd. (b) Un kd ghord 
khd.i par ar-gayd. (c) Mem Sahib kd ghord murte 
^Waqt gird aur us ke ek pd,oh men chot lagi. 

B. (a) E sdj or thik (or map ?n2ita.\ hay ni. (b) Khdndr 
--- -- .-kdchJu.-^ idhr^ ghordtd bthke -(or phire) ddhrdh... 

(c) Mem sdheber ghordti mor phirte giye p2Jre g^che 
; \ or pdyechot {pv.ghd) kheyeche. 

* Note the repetition. 


3. (a) We have got sufficient stock at our disposal ancf 

every week we get a fresh supply from our mine. 
(b) One night my pony shied * at the Esplanade 
Junction, (c) Your mare jumps f well. 

H. (a) Ham logon ke pas mdl hahut maujud hai aur har 
hafte tdza mdl kdn men se dyd kartd hai. (b) Ek 
rdt Dharamtale ke mot par merd tattu bharak (or 
btdak) gayd. (c) Tumhdri ghorl khQb kuddj karti hai, 

B. (a) Amdder dher (or \athesh^ mdl myud dchhe, dr 
phi haptdy dmdder khzni theke mdl dse (or dmddnJ 
hay), (b) E^ din rdttir btld Dharmmd^taldr more 
dmdr tattu ghordtd bh^rke geihhl2i. (c) Tomdr (mddi) 
ghordtl bel Idphdy. 

4. Our terms are always strictly cash. We do not sell 

on credit. 

H. Ham hamesha naqd bechd karte haih. Udhdr kabhi 
nahih dete, 

B. Amdder keb2Ll nag^d bikkiri, Amrd dhdre bechi nd or 
Amdder dhdre bikkirt ne,i. 

5. How long will it take to reach there } I believe it is 

not very far off from Kalighat. 
H. Wahdh kitnl der men pahuhchehge ? or Wahd^ 

pahuhchne men kitnl der lagegi ? Merd khaydl hai ki 

wuh jagah Kdlighdt se kuchh bahut dUr na hogu 
B. Sekhdne pauhchh^te kat2ikkhzn J Idgbe ? Amdr bodh 

hay Kdlighdt theke bell dUr nay (or habe nd). 

* Shy (person), H. sharmila ; B. Idj'uk, 

t Jump 6ver, H hud j ana or phandna ; B. laphiye (or di%giye) j5, oya 
^ (or p^T ka,oyd). Jump down, tt. kUd parnd ; B. Idph (or jhaiip) de^ oya 
"VSr la^htye para. 

X C. S., katakqana. 


<6. The monsoon has pretty well set in. But the days 

' Are still very hot. Small-pox and cholera are 

raging everywhere in the city. There is no sign of 

rain in the near future. Food grain is selling at a 

very high price. 

H. Khdsi bar sat shuru' ho-ga^l. Magar din ke waqt ah iak 
bahut gar mi hoti hat. Chechak (or sltla) aur haiza 
shahr men har jagah phaila hii^d hai, Jald pant 
barasne kd ko,i sdmdn nahth, Andj bahut mahhgd 
ho'gayd or Ohalle kd ddm bahut charh gay a hai, 

B. Barsd tk rakT^m dr^mbh^^ (or surti) h^'yeche or Barsd 
nebeche bz.lle^o hay. Kintu dinerh^ld ^kh%n-o bhdrl 
(or bes) gar^.ni. Bas2int2L dr kalerd (of old,uthe) 
sah2irer chdrdike,i khub h2ichche, S^iggir * bistt 
habdr konz. l^ikkhzn f ne4 (or dtkhd ]dy nd), Chdl 
ddl khub mdggi (or dkrd) hz!y€che, 

7. Saying is one thing, doing another. 

H. Kahnd aur b&t hai\ karnd aur (or Kahne aur karne 
men bard farq hai=^lit, there is great difference 
between saying and doing). 

B. Mukhe bald ^k dr kdje kard dr or Mukher kathd dr 
kdje dher taphdt. 

8. I tried heart and soul but unfortunately % I could not 


H. Main ne apnl jdn lard-di lekin a/sos ! kdmydb na hu^d» 

B. Ami prdnpzne chestd k'^rechhilum kintu dmdr dur- 
bhdgyz.bas2it2ih (or bardter dose) td saphz.1 AaVa nd, 

• Colloquial for slghra. f C. S., lak^ana, 

X Fortunately, H. hhush-qismatt se \ ^. saubhagydikraine. Fortune- 
teller, H. nujUmi ; B.ganak or ganatkdr. 


9.* He'll come to-night. Will he? By what' time ?. I 
must go to receive him at the ^^<?/ *. .' 

H. Wuh dj rat ko avenge. Hah\} kis ivaqt} Ham ko 
unheh lane (or Ham ko un ka istiqhal harne) ke liye 
ghat par jdnd chdhiye. 

B. Tini dj rdttire ashen. Sdityi f (also bate or hah) ? 
Katdr s2Lmay ? Tdhke dnte dmdy ghdie ]ete habe. 

lo.- Enough, my friend, put that idea out of your head. 

Everyone knows what is best for himself. Besides, I 
don't want to be dragged into an endless discussion. 

H. Bas^ bhd^i, bas, yih khaydl apne dil se dur karo. Har 
shakhs apnd bhald burd pahchdntd hai. Is ke ^aldwa,. 
main aisl tul-tawll bahs men pdrnd nahth chdhtd. 

^..Dher h2iyeche^ hhd^i (or bhdyd), mathb (or dhdr2^na) 
chhdr2i (or chhere dd,o). Nijer bhdh sabd,i bojhe. Td 
chhdrd. dmi at niye ana,bar2if2i Jarks, btfarka. k2Jrte 
chd,i nd. 

II. Have you a witness.^ Can you prove what you are 

saying ? Explain the case fully to me. 

H. Kyd tumhdrd ko^l gawdh (or shdhid) hat} Kyd 
tum apne hay an ko sdbit kar sakte ho ? (or yo kuchh 
tum fie baydn kiyd hat us ka subut de sakte ho}) Is 
muqaddame ko mujhe achchhi tar ah samjhd do (or Is 
muqaddame kd zard zard hdl mujh se baydn karo). 

B. Tomdr ki ke,u sdkkhl % dchhe ? Tumi ]d bdilch^. 
pr^mdn k^!rte pdrz. ? Bepdrtd § sab dmdy hujhiye 
dd,o or B^pdrkhdnd dmdy khule halz.. 


A landing place. It also means a bathing place, a ferry, a wharf, 
t i.e., 'indeed !' % C. S., sakai. 

§ C. S., vyapara. 


12. (a) 17, 22 and 26 make 65. (3) Deduct Rs. 3-4 from 

Rs. 5-8, and the remainder will be Rs. 2-4. (c) 3 
times 9 is 27 *. (d) 36 divided by 9 is 4. 

H. (a) Sa/rahy bd,ts aur chhahhls mild-kar paihsAth hote 
ham. (b) Pdhch rupiya dth dne men se tin rupiya 
chdr ana nikdlo to do rupiya char ana hdql hachegd. 
(c) Nau tiyd hold hai. (d) Chhattts ko nau 
par hdhtne (or taqslm karne) se chdr hotd hai or 
Chhattts bate nau chdr. 

B. (a) ^S'a/ara dr bd,ise un2ichdiUis, dr chhdhbise p2inys2itti. 
(b) Sdre pdhch fdkd theke sa,oyd tin tdkd gele (or bdd 
dile) na' sike (bdki) thdkbe. (c) Tin ndm (or Idni) 
sdtds. (d) Chhditriske nay diye bhdg dile chdr hay. 

13. I hear a dacoity was committed somewhere near 

Balligunge in broad daylight. They have not yet 
found any trace of the robbers. They are searching 
for them. 

H. Main ne sund hai ki Bdliganj ke nazdik f kahih din ko 
dakaiti hu^i thl (or Sunne men dyd hai ki Bdliganj 
ke nazdik kahih din ko ddkd fard thd). Choroh kd 
ab tak paid nahlh lagd hai (or Ddku^oh kd ab tak 
patd nahlh). Un kl taldsh ho rahl hai (or Pulls un 
kl taldsh meh hai). 

B. Sunchi ndX ki Bdliganjer kdchhdkdchhi (or kdchh 
bardb2ir) din dupure kothdy ddkdti h2!ye g^che, 
Ddkdtder Qkhdin-o kon2i sandhdn-i (or tallds-i) pd.oyd 
]dy ni. Tdder sand'ndne lok phirche or Tdder khohj 
kard h2,chche. 

♦ Product, H. haail-i zarb ; B. gun-phal. Sum, mizan \ B. ]og-phaL 
t Nagiz and nagich are vulgar. 
t Note the use of na here. 


1 4. (a) Get the trap ready, (b) Is dinner ready ? (() I'm 

ready * to go. (d) Keep the wound open for the 
present but do not let any dirt get into it. 

B. (a) Tamtam tayydr karo. (b) Khana tayydr hat ? 
(c) Main jane ko musta^id huh. (d) Abhi us zakhm 
ko khula rakkho magar is kd khaydl rahe ki wu h 
maild hone na pd^e. 

B. (a) Gdri tairt kar2L, (b) Khdnd tairt h^yeche ? (c) Ami 
]efe (or ]dddr J2inye) pzs/u/. (d) l^khdiukdr m^itdL 
ghdid khule rekhe dd,o kintu dekko je«a mayld (or 
dhiilo tulo t) nd Idge (or pare), 

15. You used often to be sentry over the General's house. t 

Were you not proud of that ? Did you not consider 
it an honour § ? Did it not show that the sarkar 
trusted you ? 
H. Turn to Jarnail Sdhib ke makdn kd aksar pahrd diyd 
karte the (or . . . Sdhib ki kotht par aksar santart kd kdm 
kivd karte the). Kyd turn ko is bat kdfakhr na thd ? 
Kyd turn is ko Hzzat ki bdt nahih samajhte the ? Kyd 
is se yth ^dhir na hotd thd ki sarkdr ko tum par 
i^tibdr hai (or Kyd is se yth bdt na nikalti thl ki 
sarkdr tum par iUibdr karti hai) ? 
B. Tumi /a prdy-i J^ndrel sdheber bdrir sdntrir kdj kd^tte 
{pi...sdheber bdri pdhdrd dite). Setd ki tumi gaurab kditte nd ? Tumi ki etd ektd mdny?^ (or mdner 
kdj) bdile nmne kd^tfe nd ? Ete ki tomdr opd^r Gabhdr- 
menter bissdser p2^richay pd,oyd ]dy ni ? 

* Ready wit^ H. hdzir-jawabi ; B. upasthtt buddhi. 
t Meaningless appositive. 

X House of ill fame, H. randi {or kasbi) ka ghar \ B. beiyalay or 
ranrer (or khanki) bari. Wine merchant, H. skairdb-wala ; B. iunri. 
^ Honourable H. mu'ajszaz ; B. mananiya. 


a 6. Please give him my salams, when writing. Tell 

him I am always pleased to see him or hear • of his 

H. (a) Jab dp unheh khatt^ likheh to mihrhdnl karke 
hamdra saldtn likh den. Un se kahiye kt un se 
ntuldqdt karke (or karne se) yd un kt khairiyat dar- 
ydfi karke (or karne se) hamch hamesha khushl hotl 
hai (or Un ko likho ki un se nul-kar yd un kt 
khairiyat via'lum karke ham hamesha khush hoit ham), 

B. ;(a) Ja^^a« Mti likhhe [h. Hkhben'] tdhke dmdr 
n2in2iskdr jdni^o [h. ]dndben^. B2ilo \^h. bdilben^ 
tdhke dekhle kimbd tdhr bhalz. khab2^r sunle dmdr 
bar2i. dnz.nd2>. hay, 

17. {a) Go ahead and make arrangements for the camp 

to-night. I propose to surround that quarter and 
capture every man in it. But you must lay a trap 
for them, [b) This road is very sloping. 

H. ''a) Ap age * jd.iye aur dj rat ke pard,o kd band-o- 
bast kljiye. Meri ray yih hai ki is mahalla ko gher 
kar us ke har ek ddml ko giriftdr kar leh. Lekin dp 
ko un ke sdth ek chdl chalni chdhiye (or dp ko unheh 
dhokd dend chdhiye). (b) Yih vast a bahut dhdlu (or 
dhdlwdh) hai. 

B. (a) Ap?ii dgtye ]dn, dr dj'ke idttire,i tdhbu ph^lbdr 
(or gdrbdr) \ogdr giye. Ami ai pdrdtd (or 
anchalld) gh^rd^o kdJre sakk2,lke dh2irbz. (or pdkrd.o 
kdirbdi) m2ine ksichchi. Kinlu dpni tdder dharbdr 
^ktd phdoidi ehte (or k'd!re)rdkhben. (b) Rdstdtd baddz. 
dhdlu (or gardne). 

* Lit., before. Agarl for age is vulgar. 


1 8. (a) Read the poem* from beginning to end and tell its 

purport, (b) But I won't let you run away. 
(c) Although he is such a rich man, he shows no- 
pride, (d) Employ another 6 workmen, (e) He 
is dressed like a gentleman. (/*) He slapped 
me on the face. I slapped him on the 
head, {g) Pull him by the ear. I'll twist your ear. 

H. (a) Shurfi' se akhir takyih nazm parh-jd,o^ aur us ka 
matlah hay an karo. (b) Lekin ham turn ko bhdgne 
nahih dehge. (c) Ihtd bard ddmi ho-kar wuh ^urur 
[Hin. ghamahd] nahih kartd. (d) Chha kdrigar 
aur ba-hdl (or muqarar) karo. (e) Us kd kaprd (or 
Ubds) sharlfoh (or bhale mdnusoh) kd sd hai. (i^ Us 
ne mujhe (or mere muhh par) thappar (or tamdhcha) 
mdrd. Math ne us ko tart (or chapai) lagd.l, (g) Us 
kd kdn pakarke khlhcho. Main tumhdrd kdn 
amethuhgd (or aihthuhgd or mal-duhgd). 

B. (a) F2idy2i (or kdibiid)-tl dgd-gord f />^/'a, p^!re bhabtd 
(or m2iddd'khdnd) ki bah. (b) Tomdy vi^^ddd pdldte 
dichchi ni. (c) E/a barsi lok t2J)u tdhr demdk (or 
gumor ; g^dd ; ahdiUkdr) ned or E/a tdkdr mdnus 
h'd!ye,o tdhr gumor g^dd nej. (d) Ar-o chha J2,n 
kdrigar Idgd.o. (e) Tdr posdk (or kdp2ir chop2,r ; 
sdj goj ; he's bhusa) bhadd2ir [ prop, hhadra ] loker 
m2it2in, {{) Se dmdr gdle {lit. cheek) eX' char 
bdistye dile. Ami tdr mdthdy ek thdppd^r or chdhtt) 
kdisiye dilum (or...e^ thdbrd mdllu??i). (g) Tdr kdntd 
dh2i're tdn^, (or tetie dd,o\ Ami tomdr kdn m2ile dobz. 

* Poet, H. shaHr (fern, sha'ira) \ B. kabi. Prose, H.nasr- B. 

t Note that the Bengali idiom is " from end to beginning ". 


rg." (^) I saw a beggar lying under a tree as I came along. 
He seemed to be dead. You should have warned 
' him of the danger of going there. I did. He 

didn't mind what I said, (b) Plague is still very 
prevalent in the Pan jab. The Government have 
been trying to stamp it out for years, {c) Blow the 
fire. From words they came to blows. Don't blow 
your nose here. 

H. (a) yab main d-rahd thd^ main ne ek bhikdrl {ox faqif) 
ko darakht ke niche para {ox letd hu,a) dekhd. Wuh 
murda (or mard hu,d) maHUm hu,d. Wahdh jdne 
men jo khatra (or dar^ thd, wuh tumheh us ko hatdnd 
chdhiye thd. Ham ne to hatdyd. Us ?ie kuchh k'haydl 
na kiyd (ox Us ne kuchh parwd na ki). (b) Panjdb 
men td'un abhi tak zoroh par hai {ox...zor shor se 
phaild hu,d hai). Sarkdr barsoh se us ko ukhdr 
•■ phehkne ki koshish kar rahi hai {ox... us ko da/a^ 
karne ki fikr men hai). (c) Ag phuhko. Wuh tie til 
main main karte karte hdthd pd^i karne lage or ( Un 
men) bdtoh se ghuhsoh ki naubat pahuhchi. Yahdh. 
ndk na chhinko (or sdf karo). 

B. (a) Asie dste dekhlum Qktd bhikiri gdchh taldy pdJre 
r^yeche. Tdke mard b2Jle bodh hsi'ia.. Okhdne gele 
\e ki bip2ide p2t.rte habe setd dge tomdr tdke bald (or 
sdbdhdn kdire de^oyd) uchit chhilz.. Ami t2, tdke 
bdilichhilum (or satzrkz kdi're diyechhi/um). Se dmdr 
kathd sunle nd, (b) Pahjdbe ^kh^Ln-o bhaydn2,k 
^ peleg ' hdichche. Sarkdr Bdhddur anek din dh^^re e 
rogtdke nirmul karbdr chesjd kz.chchen. (c) Agune 
phuh dd,o {or pdri). Mukhomukhi theke {ox chhere) 
krame (or sese) ghusoghusi (or hdtdhdti) h2Lh. Hethdy 
ndk jhero nd. 


^o. (a) Hand me over the newspaper, please, (b) Why 

has the bath room not been swept ? (r) This 
mutton is not fresh It is rotten, (d) Stale bread is 
best for toast, (e) Post this letter at once. (/) Ask 
the tailor to darn the pantaloon, (g) Pat the horse. 
The saddle is not well set. . Make the girth tight, so 
that the saddle may not slide down. Lower the 
stirrup, (h) Can you draw maps ? No, I can't. 

H. (a) Akhbdr meri taraf barkd-dijiye. (b) Ghusl-khdne 
men jhdru kyuh n :hih di ga,i} (c) Bher kd goshi 
tdza nahth hai, Yih khardb hai or Vih bigrd (also 
sard) hu^d hai. (d) Bdsl rotl kd tos bahut achchhd 
hotd hai, (e) Ddk-khdne * men abhtyih chtithl ddl 
do, ( f ) Darzi se kaho ki patliin men rafu kar de, 
(g) Ghore ko thapki do. Ztn achchhl tarah se nahih 
baithd hai. Tang ko kas do, id-ki ztn phisal kar 
niche na d-rahe. Rikdb ko aur nlcha karo, fti) Kyd 
turn naqsha band (or khlnch) sakte ho ? Main nahth 
band saktd. 

B. (a) Khab2,rer kdgykhdnd hdt bdriye din /a (or no), 
(b) Nd^ibdr (or chdn karbdr) ghartd jhdnr de^oyd hay 
ni ken2i ? (or ,, .ghartdy jhdnr pare ni kem, ? ) (c) -£* 
bhQrdr mdngsztd tdtkd nay, Etd pachd. (d) Bdst 
rutir 'tosf sab cheye bhdh. hay, (e) Chitikhdnd 
ekhz.n-i {dak ghare * ) phele diye es2L. ( f ) Zh.rjike 
pentuluntd ripu kz.tte bah, (g) Ghordtdke chdprd^o. 
Jin bhdh. base ni, Peti kdJse (or tene) bdndhdi, je«a 
jin sdite (or pichhle) nd pare. Rekdb dr-o ndbd^o, 
(h) Tumi ki ' mydp ' dhkte pdrz. ? Nd, dmi pdri nd, 

• Post office. 


21. (a) This is important, (b) There's no harm in doing 

so. (r) The landlord can do me little harm* 
(d) He is sure to give you the slip, (e) It's 5 
minutes to 6. It's 6 minutes past 5. (/) The bell 
rings. The train will start just now. (g) The 
train is just due. (k) The poor fellow has been run 
over by a motor car and has become senseless. 
Is there no hospital in this quarter ? 

H. (a) Fih zururi hai, (b) Aisa karn^ mm kuchh haraj 
nahm. [c) Makdn-ivdla (or Zamin-d&r) merd kuchh 
{nuqsdn) nahih kar-saktd, (d) Wuh turn ko zarur 
dhokd degd. (e) Chha bajne men (or ko) pdhch 
minat bdqi hath. Pdhch baj-kar chha fninai hu^e, 
( f ) Ghanfd* bajtd hai. Rel abhi chhutti hai. (g) Rel 
ab dnewdli hai or Rel ab d hi pahuhchi. (h) Bechdre 
gfurib parse hawdgdn chaUga^l hai^ aur wuh be-hosh 
ho'gayd hai. Is mahalle meh koj haspatdl (or 
shi/d-khdna) nahih hai} 

B. (a) Etd darkdri. (b) E rakdim kardy kona. dos (or 
kh2L/if) ne,t. (c) Bdriold (or jz.middr) dmdr 
kichhu^i {znist2i or ap2ikdr) k^tte pdrbe nd [or, 
vulgarly, dmdr kald (or k^^chu or ghehchu) ka.rbe]. 
(d) Se tomdke thik phdhki debe (or, vulgarly, thik 
kald dtkhdbe). (e) Chhatd bdjte pdhch minit {dchhe). 
Pdhchtd beje chha minit (h^Jyeche). (f) Ghantd 
bdjche. Gdri ekhuni chhdrbe, (g) Gdri ^/a (or ese 
p3Lrl^) b^'le or Gdri dsbdr S2imay h2i!ye ^/a. (h) Bechdrd 
* motdr ' gdri chdpd pdJri aggydn % (or behuhs) h^^ye 
gQche. E talldfe ki kon^ hampdtdl ne,i ? 

* Ghanit, a small bell. f C. S., keatt. 

X C. S., ajnana. 


22. (a) Why are you bare-footed? Why are you 

bare-headed ? (d) He's a lucky man. I'll try 
my luck (c) At last I could hold out no longer. 
I insulted him before his pleader. He too insulted 
me. {d) This is a matter* of daily occurrence. 
(e) The duftry is as bad as the far rash. The son f 
is as learned as the father. J 

H. (a) Turn nahge pair kyuh ho ? Turn nan org sir (or 
Ttim sir khule ) kyilh ho ? {h) Wuh nasib-war 
ddml hai. Main apnl taqdtr dznidShgd, (c) Akhir 
kdr mujh se barddshi na ho-sakd. Main ne us 
ke ivakil ke sdmne us ko ruswd kiyd [ or, idiom., 
us ko laiherd (or are hdthoh liyd)\ Us ne bhi meri 
hatak kl. (d) Vih bdt roz (or d,e din) hu^d kartl hai. 
fe) Jaisd daftari waisd farrdsh (or, \d\oxti.^ Da/tart 
aur farrdsh donoh ek lathi ke hdhke haih=2i.xQ driven 
by one stick), Jaisd bdp qdbit [or ^dltm^ Hin. 
pandit\ waisd beta. 

B, (a) {Tomdr) sudhu pd ken^i.? (Tumi) khdli vidthdy 
kern. ? (b) Se khub bhdgyim2i.nt2L or Tar jor kapdL 
Kapdl thuke d^khd \ak or Dekhi bardie (or bhdgye) ki 
hay: (c) S'ese dmi dr thdkte (or rdkhte) pdlJum na. 
Tar ukiler sdmne.i take ap^mdn kd^llum. Se^o dmdy 
ap2^mdn k2Lrechhilz.. (d) E rakzm ghatz.nd roj-i h^iye 
{or gh2ite) thdke: (e) J^mi.n dz.pturi tepini pharos. 
BdP'O ]em2in pzndit (or bidddn) chhele.o temni. 

•".Accident, H. hadina ; B. durgha'ana. Accidentally, H. itiifaqan or 
ittifaq se'^ 3. gkatanakrame or hatat or daibqt.. 

t^Also, H.. farzand {^oYxte)., ^ahib-aada (more ^oVit^) \ banda-zada 
(polite for one's own son) ; B. de/5, puttra^ po, or put. 

X Also, H. walid (polite) ; baba or abba (in address); babajan (dear 
father or son) ; 'A. baba, pitSf or janak. ,. . 


^.3.' . "^ (rt) The electric lamps are out of order. Set thein 
right, {b) Has the gun tired? It has just fired. 

.. - {c) Put down the bed curtain *. Switch on the fan. 

(d) The ink f of this ink-pot is very thick. It 

does not run. (e) This lady plays the piano well. 

Her husband is a first class singer. I wish to invite 

' him to dinner to-morrow. 

H. (a) Bijli ke 'lamp' bigar-ga^e hath. Un ko thtk karo 
or Un kl maramm.U karo. (b) Kyd top chhuti (or 
dd^)} Abhl chhuti, (c) Mt^ahrl kd parda latkd 
(or gird) do. Pankhd khol (or chald) do, (d) Is 
dawdt kl siydhi (or raushnda) bahut gdrhl hai. 
Yih to chaltl hi nahih. (e) lih sharlf-zddl piyano 
bahut achchhd bajdtl hai. Us ' kd shauhar (or 
khdwind) % a' I d larje kd gawayya hai. Kal main un 
kl da'wdt karnd [Hin. un kd ne,otd, dend~\ chdhtd huh. 

B. (a) ' Ilektik ' dlo gulo khdrdp hdi'ye geche. Ogulo thik 
k2Lre dd^o. (b) Top p2irsche ki} E^i {mdttzr) ^ar/a, 
(c) Msisdrl phele dd^o. Pdkhdtd khule (or chdliye) 
dd^o. (d ) E doydter (or do!er) kdlitd baddz. ghan2i, (or 
gdrh2i). Ete kal^m sare {ox s2L'che) nd. (e) Striloktl 
bes (or cham2itkdr ; khdsd) piydno bdjdy. Ehr sdml § 
e^yaw uhchudarer gd.iye. Kdl tdhke nem2^ntz.nn2L kd^rbdi 
m2Lne kdichchi. 

* Pillow, H. takya] B. balis. Pillow-case, H.takye ka ghilaf\ 

B. baliser oyar (or or). Quilt, H. lihaf\ B. lep or nep. Mattress, 
H. toshak ', B.toaaik. Cushion, H. gaddi ; B. gaidi. 

t Note paper, H. khatj^ ka kaghaz ; B. chiHr kagaj. ExKV^lope, 
H. lifafa ; B. Wiam. Slip, H. purza ; B. chirkuj. , , 

... i Vulgar, khaaam or adtni. 

i: .: i, C 3.,. svami, aXsopditi ; vulgar, bhdtar. Husband and wife=«5^ 


24. (a) The Sub Inspector was not in the Police Statioa 

when I called, (d) Both the parties agreed to a. 
compromise. (c) You can catch the four-forty 
train if you take a taxi, (d) What are you thinking; 
of ? Give me a definite answer. 

H. (a) Main Jab thane men gay a to daroghi sah'b loahah- 
na the, (b) Fariqain (or Donoh /arijoh) men sulk. 
[ Hin. met] ho-ga.i, (c) Agar hawa gari men haith 
kar ja.iye to char hajke chdlis mtnat wall gari mil- 
jd.egi. (d) Kyd soch rahe ho ? or Kis soch men ho ?• 
Thik jawdb do, 

B. (a) Ami ]akh2in gechhlum darogd /wafay iakhzn thandy 
(hhilen na. (b) Du^i p^kkhe * mi(mdf hz'yeche or 
Tdrd (i e , bddi prsitidddi) dpose mdimit k^Jre niyeche., 
(c) Hd.oydgdri k^Jre gele (Or \dn /a) chdrte ch2illiser 
gdrl dh2J'te par ben. (d) L5a//, bhdbchz, kt? Amdke 

25. (a) He's born blind. He's born scoundrel, {b) It is 

nothing but a rumour. 

H. (a) Wuh mddarzdd (or mdh pet kd ox janam kd) andha 
hai. Us kl ghuttiX men bad-ma' dshi pari hat, 
(b) Yih to kuchh bht nahih, sir/ bad hawdji (or sir/ 
urti\ khabar hai, 

B. (a) Se janmdndhdk, 0(td) garbhz.-hdrdmjddd or St 
hdr pdji {or badmds). (h) £td gujsib b2i,i dr kichhu,i 
nay or Eta khdli (or keb^il) bdje gujz.b, 

* C. S., pak§e. 

t Note the use of nS here. 

t Ghuitl, a powder of several purgative ingredieufts mix^ with 
ntother's milk, given to an infant jtist after birth. Lit, the sentence means- 
' His scoundrelism is a component part of h\s ghujii. 


LESSON xxvm. 

J . (a) My stomach * is out of order. Let no one come 

to me. (d) Will you not eat anything ? (c) Tell 
the cook to make me some soup only, (d) Does he 
know English cooking ? 

H. (a) Merd pet bigrd hufi hai or Merd hdzima Myxrdh 
ho^gayd hai. Mere pas kisi ko ane na do, (b) Kyd 
ap kuchh na khdytyegd ? (c) Bdwarchl ko kaho kt 
mere liye sirf thord sd shorbd iayydr kare, (d) Kyd 
us ko ahgrezi khdnd pakand did hat ? 

B. (a) Amdr pet khdrdp h^^yeche or Amdr peter ektu 
golmdl hdJyeche. Amdr kdchhe kduke (or kd'ke-o) ds'te 
dio nd or Amdr kdchhe je«a keu nd dse, (b) 2.pni ki 
kichhu'i khdhen (or dhdr kzxben) nd ? (c)^Rdhdh^.nl 
' bdmunke dmar J2inye ektu sudhu jhol kz!rte hal^, 
(d) ^S"^ ki sdhibi khdnd rdhdhte jdne ? or Sdhibi 
khdnd rdnnd ki tar dse ? 

2. (a) Hold the horse that I may dismount, {b) The 

horses will be suffocated in this heat. 

H. (a) Ghore ko pakro td-ki main utar-jdfih, (b) Is 
gar ml men ghoroh kd dam_ ghutegd, 

B. (a) Ghordtdke dhar2L, dmi nab'b^k, (b) E gamme 
ghordgulo hdhpiye (or dam dtkiye) mzr'be, 

* Arm-pit, H. haghal\ B. hagdl. Belly, H. & " Cheek, H. &, Elbow, H. kuhnl ; B. k^.nui. Eye-lid, H. pcUak \ B. chokher 
pata. Hip, H. kula; B. dabna. Lap, H.^orf; B. kol. Lip, H. A(??»/A ; 
B. ihohf. Navel, H. naf or nabhl ; B. nabhi or nai-kunda.. Neck (also 
throat), H. & B. gala. Rib, H. pasli ; B. panjra. Shoulder, H. kandha ; 
B. kSndh. Spine, H. rirh; B. itrdanra. Thigh, H. jaiigh or ran; 
B. urut. Thumb, H. ailguthd ; B. buro aflgul. Waist (also the loins)» 
H. kamar ; B. komair or kaAkal, Wrist, H. kala^t ; B. hater kabji, 



3. {a) Take the big trunk * off the cameL (Jb) Take the 

slippers and the spectacles out of the bag. (c) This 
pondf has water in it in autumn and dries up at the 
end of 'spring, (d) He was ta come yesterday. 
{e) The horse will throw you. 

H. (a) Barl pett ko iiht par se utdro, (b) ^Beg' mehse 
^silipar' aur chashma (or *ainak) mkalo, (c) Is 
tdlah (or icil&,o) men barsdt ke zanidne men panl 
r.ahtd hat, aur bahdr ke khaim hone par sukh jdtd hat, 
(d) Wuh kal dne-iudld (or dne ko) fhd, (e) Ghord 
turn ko gird (or pafak) degd, 

B. (a) Uter op^r theke dara, penfrdfd (or torongotd) 
ndhiye ndo, (b) B^ger bhetz.r theke ch2itl jutotd 
*dr chasmd khdnd bdr kz!re ndo, (c) E pukure 
sarzJkdle (or bhdddBr dssin mdse) jal ihdke, dr 
bas2,nt^kdler sese (ox..,dr chot bosek % mdse) sukiye 
']dy, (d) Kdl tdhr ds'bdr kathd chhil2L, (e) Ghordtd 
tomdy phele debe. 

* Trunk (of tree), H. tana] B. guiirJ, Trunk (of elephant), 
H. sulidh ; B. kuiir, 

t Well, H. *«,5 ; B. patko or kuyo. 

X Names of the 12 Bengali months: — Boiek [p. baiiak/i (April — 
May) ] ; Jo^ji [ p. j'yaiqtha (May— June) ] ; A§ar (June — ^July) ; S^raban 
(July — August) ; Bhaddor [ p. Bhadra (August — September) ] ; Assin [ p. 
Aivin (September — October) ] ; K&ttik [ p. Kdrttik (October — Novem- 
ber) ] J Agghan [ p. Agrahdyan (November — December) ] ; Po^ [ p. Pam 
(December — ^January) ] ; Magh (January — February) ; Phdgun [ p. Phdlgun 
(February — March)] ; and Chot [p. Chaitra (March — April)]. 

Names oi the 6 Bengali seasons : — Grlsso-kal [ p. Grt^makal {Bokek J 
and Jo^ii) ] ; Barsd-kdl {A^dr and S^rdban) ; S^arait-kdl {Bhaddor and J 
Assin) ; Hem2Mt^-kdl (Kdttik and Agghdn) ; .$ tt-kdl {Poq and Mdgh) ; 
and Basainta-kdl (Phdgun and Chot). 


4/ • {a) Have you a furnished room to let on the ground 
floor * ? {b) I want an open and airy two-storied 
house, {c) Can you recommend f me a good 
H. (a) Kirayt he Uye ko,i sajd sajayd kamrd sab se nichle 
labq( men dp ke yahdh kjiali haii (b) Ham ek do^ 
manzila khula tiur hawd-dar makdn chdhte haih, 
(c) Ek achchhd naukar dp ham ko de sakte haih } 

B. (a) Apndr bdrlte ^kh^ldy kon^, sdjdn2i gochdm, ghar (or 
kuihrt) bhard dobar dchhe kt ? ib)Afm ekkkand fhoHia 
or hes hmyd-old (or hdoyd kh^le emB.n) doi2Lld bd^l 
chdt. (c) A make ekj2Ln bes bhdh. chdkz.r dite par en ? 

5. (a) If any one asks for me, tell him that I am not at 

home. (3) Warm some water and bring it me in a 
bowl, {c) Has the water boiled ? Has the milk 
been boiled ? Has the water cooled .? 

H. (a) Agar mere bdre men ko^l puchhe to kah-do ki sdhib\ 
ghar men nahlh haih J. (b) Thord sd pdni garm 
karke ek piydle men le-d^o, (c) Pdni phut gayd ? or 
Pdni garm hU^d ? Dudh ubdld gayd ? Pdni thandd 
hu^d ? 

B. (a) Amdy ]3idi keu khohje /a ^a7a bdbu bdri{te) 
net J. (b) Khdniktd jal gar2^m (or tapt^) kz're 
ektd bdti k3.'re niye es2L, (c) Jaitd ki phuteche} 
Dudh jdl § deoyd hz,yeche ki? Jal juriyeche (or 
thandd h^yeche) ki} 

* First floor=H. diisrl maneil, B. dotala; second floor=H. tisrl 
nia-nMilf B. tetzla ; etc. 

-f lAt.y H. sifarisk kattia] B. suparis kara. 

f Note the direct narration which is always preferred in Indian 

^ C. S., jvala% The final a is not written nor pronounced. 


(a) What is there here that is worth seeing ? (b) Take 
me to the Museum, (r) I'm not on good terms 
with him. (d) He's a faithful servant of Government. 
(e) I found him lying on the ground. His rifle was 
leaning against the wall. He was asleep. I awoke 

. H. (a) Vahdh dekhne ke qahil kyd kyd * chizeh haih ? 
(b) Ham ko ^ajd^ib-kkane (or -ghaf) le-chalo. (c) Ham 
se un se an-ban (or khatkl huf) hai or Ham se un se 
mel t nahih hai, (d) Wuh sarkdr kd namak-haldl 
naukar hat, (e) Ham ne us ko zamin par pard 
(Jiu^d) pdyd. Us ki rafal (or bandUq) dtwdr se lagi 
rakhi ipx,,,se tekt hU,i) tht, Wuh soyd {ha,d) tha 
or Wuh so rahd thd. Ham ne us kojagdyd. 

B. (a^ Ekhdne ki ki* d^kh'bdr jinis dchhe ? (b) Amdke 
jddughare niye chah, (c) Tdhr sange dmar /em2LU 
bd^niband (or sadbhdb or mil:\) net, (d) Tini gabhar- 
menter ekj2Ln bissdsi karmmachdrt, (e) Se mdtir 
op^kV pdJre chhih dekhlum, Tdr rdiphal d^ler gdye 
thtsdndi chhil^. Se ghum2Lchchhih, Ami tdke deke 

• Repetition indicates plurality. 
t Lit,f combination, unity. 


7. (a) I shot 2 large deer* — one male and one female. 

[if) His second f son is of age. {c) Aim above ihe 
mark, (d) Will you go by land or by water ? 

H. (a) Do dare hiran main ne shik&r kiye^^ek nar aur 
dOsri mdda, (b) Un k& manjhla beta bdligh hat, 
(c) Chand se upar nishana karo, (d) Kya dp 
khushki sejd,ehge,ydtari se} 

B. (a) Ami mast^. mast^k duto h'^ring (prop* hz.rtn) Hkdr 
hirkhhilum {px,,,h2^n'n guli k^re merechhilunCy-^ 
ektd maddd (or nar) dr ekid mddi (or mddd). (b) Tdhr 
mej^i chhele sdbdlz.k % k^yeche, (c) Ddger (or chihner) 
opzr tdg (or l^kkh^L § ) kar?^, (d) Tumi sthalapathe 
\dhe fid jalapathe ? 

8. (a) They are against us. (J)) Don't lean against this 

newly painted railing, (c) I've a complaint against 
hjm. {d) He pushed me against her. 

H. (a) Wuh ham logon he khildf haih. (b) Is na^e range 
hu^e katahre se mat teko, (c) Jfam ko us se kuchh 
shikdyat hai, (d) Us ne ham ko us 'aural ki tjara/ 
dhakel diyd, 

B. (a) Tdrd dmdder bip^Jikhe (or biruddhe), (b) Ei 
n2ilun (or tdtkd) rang deoyd relinge Ihes diye ddhrio nd» 
(c) Tdr name dmdr tkld nalis dchlte, (d) »i^ amdy 
tdr gdye thele (or dhdkkd diye or Iheld mere) phele dile. 

• Bird, H. chirya ; B. pakki. Partridge, H. titar ; B. titir. Snipe, 
H. chaha ; B. kada-kkohcka pakki. Falcon, H. baz ; B. baj pakkht. 
Dove, H. qumrl or fakhta (wild) ; B. ghughu. Sparrow, H. chira 
(f. chiri) ov gaura (f. gauriya) ; B. char ai pakki. Lion, H. babr or babr- 
sher [ in Persia babr is a tiger] ; B. singgi [ p. singha ]. Bear, H. Mo/m 
or richh ; B. bhalluk. Wolf, H. bkerya ; B. M^*r^ iSg'A. Jackal, H.gtdar 
or siyar; B. «^j/5/ or «e/. Monkey, H. bandar ; B. bdndzr or haLnumSn 
(black-faced). Wild boar, H.j'anglt suwar ; B. i«»o 8or (or suyar). 

t 3rd son, H. sanjhla...; B. 5^ya... . 4th son, H. kanjkla... ; 

D, fUl.., . 

t Opposite of nabalak, minor. 
S C. S., lakqya. 


.9v W Keep the fowls and ducks apart, (b) I ran as fast 
as I could, (c) I did as I was directed, (d) Those 
pills * are astringent — good to check diarrhoea.! 
(e) The purgative had no actionr 

H. (a) Murgha murgM aur hatfih (or baUakhph) ko 
^al^hida (or alag alag) rakkho, (b) Ham se jahah 
tak ho sakd tez daure, (c) J is tarah ham ko kahd 
gayd iha waisd hi hamne kiyd, (d) Wuh goliydn 
qdhiz (or pet ko bdndhne-wdli) haih — dast meh/d.ida 
karii haih, (e) Julldb kd kuchh asar na hu^d or 
Julldb ne kuchh ^amal na kiyd. 

B. (a) Murgl o hdhs gulo dlddd dlddd rdkhz, (b) Amdr 
sddhyzmat2L (or ja/a dur sddhj/di,) dmi daurechhilum 
or Ami prdnpane daurulum, (c) Amdy je^a» 
b&lechhiia. (or bald h2i,yechhi!2^) temni k2,ricfii (or 
kd^rechhiluni), (d) E bz.ri gulo dhdr^Ji — ptUr asukher 
paikkhe bhdlz.. (e) Joldp khole ni or Joldpe kon2i kdj 
hay ni, 

^* " " " I ■■ i ■■-■■ - ■ ■■— I ■ I — - ■■ I I -I I ■ ■ M^ ■ .^1 M^ I — W I ■ ■ -■■ — » " ■■-■■■■ — ■ ■ * 

* Ointment, H. marham^ B. maldifn. Liniment, H. tila^ B. malii. 
Plaster, H. lep, B. pellep or pralep. 

t Measles, H. hhasra. B. ham. Worms, H. ^:r5, B. krimi. Bubo, 

ii,gtlii, B. bSgl. Gland, H. gilit, B. bicht. Syphilis, H. atishak, 

B. garml. Sun-stroke, H. lu lagna, B. sarddi gRrmi. Paralysis, H./alij\ 

B. pakkkaghat. Vomit, H. gay, B. bami. Nausea, H. matlif B. ga bami 

bami. Jaundice, H. yarqan, B. nyaba or kamla. Hiccup, H. hichki, 

B. hikka or henchki. Colic, H. qulinj\ B. sill-bedna. Piles, H. bawaslr, 

B. ar4a. Phthisis, H. sil, B. kkay-kai or ']akkha kai. Gonnorrhoea, 

H. siieak, B. nteha or dhater byamoh. Wart, H. masa, B. ahchil. 

Whitlow, H. angul-berha, B. aJlgul-hara. Mense, H. ayyam ot sir (or 

bal) mails, hona or kapre se hona, B. t^itu pr mata may la haoya. 

Dysmenorrhoea, H. badak, B. badhak. F regnant, H. hami la , or pef se. 

B. poyatl (also=mother of children) or garbhabatl. Abortion, H. pe^ 

girna, B. garbha-srab or pet khasa. 


io. ■ (rf) The average height tSF the people of this tribe is 

,\ . 6 feet. . (d) Are they two brothers.?* (c) The first 

one ts my cousin.f (</), Are they twins ? 

H. (a) Ts qaum ke logon kd ausaf qad chha /ut hold hat\ 
(b) Kyd donoh sage bhd,i haih.} (c) Pahld % shakhs 
merd bh^,i hotd hat, (d) Kyd wuh donoh jd^eh (or 

B. (a) E jdtir lokerd sachd^rachzr mdthdy chha phut thdke, (b) Tdrd duJ2Ji kt dpndr mar peter 
hhdi ? (c)' Pr^kth^nitl dmdr khurlutz. bhdi. (d) Tdrd 
du' kijamz.k or Era duil ki jam^^k ? 

• Step-brotheWH. 5flM/W5 M5,i, B. buimatreya bhai; step-mother= 
H. sauteli man, B. bimata pr ^a/mS ; step-son =H.. ^aw/^/a beta, B. 


s^fin-po] step-daughter=H. 5aw/^/i bett, B. saitin-jhi ; co-wife=H. saui 
or saukan or sautin, B. S3.iin. 

t Paternal \inc\eiSSor\=\\. chachera bha,t, B, kkurtuta. (or jaf tut a) 
bhai ; maternal uncle's son=H. niamera...] B. mamata.... ; father's sister's 
son=H. pkupher a..., B. pistuta.,.. ; mother's sister's son=H. khalera..., 
B. mastutdi.... . - 

i Pakla-wala is incorrect. The termination wala can be added to 
substantives but not to adjectives. Cf. roit-wala "baker", bail-wala 
"bullock-driver or a seller of bullocks", etc. Also karne-wala "a doer", 
likhne-wala "a writer", jane-wala "goer", etc. Never say achchha- 


11. (a) What are you going to do now ? (J) What wer# 

you doing sitting by the spring* ? Qe) The brick 
boats there seem to be overloaded, (d) Switch off 
the fan (i. e., stop the punkha). 

H. (z}Ad kya f karoge? (b) Chashme [Hin. jharne'] ke 
pQs haithe hu,e turn kya kar rahe the ? (c) Un tht 
ki kishtiyoh par ma'lum hotdi, kai ki hojh ziyada ladd 
gayd hai, ' (d) Pankha band karo. 

B. (a) 'Ekhzn ki kQ,rbe? (b) Jharndr dkdre bdJse kt 
k'&!rchhile ? (c) Okhdnkar iter nauko % gulor bojhdi 
best best thekche, (d) Pdkhdtd bandz. k2Lre ddo, 

12. {a) The Rangoon steamer is expected to-day. {b) Why 

didn't you come day before yesterday ? That 
won't do. You must be regular and punctual in 
attendance. Be more careful in future. 

H. (a) Gumdn hai ki dj Rangun kajahdz pahuhch'jd,egd, 
(b) Turn parson kyuh na d^e ? Is tjzrah se to kdm 
nahih chalegd. Turn ko rozdna waqt par hdzir hond 
chdhiye, Ayanda is kd bahut khaydl rakhnd.\ 

B. (a) Rengun jdhdj bodh hay dj dsbe or Renguner jdhdj 
dj dsbdr kathd dchhe, (b) P2,rsu dsa. ni kern, ? Afhdin 
kd^rle ch2ilbe nd, Roj thik sB.maye hdjir haoyd chdi, 
Ebdr iheke dr-o sdbdhdn (or huhsiydr) hdJo, 

* Fountain (artificial), }ii. fawwara, B. phoyara. 

t Note spelling and pronunciation oi.kya "what" and kiya "he, etc., 

X Colloquial for naukd. The Bengalis are fond of the o sound. 
Cf. pUja — pujo "worship", jutd — Jufo "shoes", bura — buro "an old man,** 
khurd — khuro "father's younger brother", kuyd — kuyo "well", etc. 

§ Infinitive for Future Imperative. 


J 5^ (a) Can you work engines? (3) This engine is. pet 

working well. Go and see what is wrong with it. 
(c) What will you charge for loading and unloading 
each cart ? 

H. (a) JS^ya turn injan chald sakte ho ? (b) Yih injan 
achchhl tar ah nahlh chaltd {or,,, tar ah kdm nahlh 
detd^. Jake dekho to kya kharabi hai, (c) Ek 
{ox fi ) gdrl se mdl utdrne aur mat charhdne kd kyd 
loge ? 

B. (a) Tumi ki ihjin chdldte jdn2, (or pdrz) ? (b) E 
injintd hhdh, chdilche nH. Giye d^kh^. tz. ki dos 
h^Jyeche, (c) Pr3.tyek (or phi) gdrl hojhdi dite dr 
khdlds kz!rte katz, nehe ? 

14. Ho there ! you ! boatman ! what do you want for 

putting me ashore ? Well, Fll give you Rs. 2, but 
mind you must take no other people but me in the 

H. Sunie ho, malldh (or nidhjhi) ! idhar dekho * ! turn 
ham ko kindre utdr-dene kd kyd loge ? Achchhd, ham 
do rupai turn ko dehge, magar is shart^ {lit., stipulation 
or condition) par ki turn kisi aurf ko kishti (or nd,o) 
men na bithd^o. 

B. Ore, O mdhjiXidike dy ! dmdke dtfigdy (or kindrdy) tule 
dite ki nidi dal? Achchhd, toke du tdkd-i dob^L, kintu 
naukoy (ami chhdra) dr kduke nite pdbi ni b^^llum. 

* Look this way. Idhar denotes 'direction*, whereas yakan 
denotes *place'=here. Similarly, udhar 'in that direction' and wahd'h *to 
that place'—there. 

t Kisi anr=3it\j other. Here aur is a pronoun, not a conjunclion. 


15. (a) I won't give a farthing if you don't take me alone. 

Take good care that nothing is broken. 

H. Agar ium ham ko tanha na le-jd,oge to ham phutt 
kauri * hhi na dehge. Is ka khqydl rakkho kt ko,t 
chiz tUte nahin, 

B. Amdke tkld {ox ^keld) na niye gele tk paysH-o {ox kan^ 
k^ri^o*) dob2L nd. Dekhis (or sdbdhdn or khahd^rddr) 
kichhu je«a hhdnge tdHge nd. 

16. {a) Please, sir, step into the boat, {b) Have you got 
. everything ready ? (r) I can't jump if the boat is 

so far off. Bring it nearer. 
H. (a) Jandb \ kishtt men d.iye (or, more polite, iashrtf 

Id.iye). (b) Sab sdmdn thtk hat ? (c) Agar kishii 

itni dUr rahegi to ham kud-kar m men pahuhch nahth 

sqkehge, Aur qartb ld,o (or le-d^o). 
B.. (a) Asun, msisdi) naukoy uthun (or ch^ktwi), (b) Sah 

jinis pattzr guchiye niyechis /a ? (c) Nauko <z/a 

dure thdkle Idphiye /a uthte pdrbz, nd ? Ar-o kdchhe 

niye dy or Ld dr-o bkiro, 

17. {a) Close your book, {b) Sort out these stamps. 

{c) Wrap it up with a piece of paper, {d) Some- 
thing must be done. 

H. (a) Apni kttdb band karo, (b) Har har qt'sm ke tikat 
'judd (or alag alag) karo (or rakkho). (c) Is ko 
kdghaz men (or se) lapeto. (d) Kuchh na kuchh karnd 
chdhiye, * 

B. (a) {Tomdr) b?itmor2L (or bandhd^ karn), (b) E tikitgulo 
bdchhdi (or dlddd dlddd) kar^i. (c) 0(d kdgy'diye- 
mora, (or bdhdha, or jardo), (d) ]d hdJk ekid kichhu 
kard chdt. 

• Lit.f broken shell. 


18^. : {a) If SQ, he is a bad * man indeed, (b) He is some- 
what rude, {c) Put the account books on that 
square f table. 

H. (a) Agar aisi bdt- hat to wuh he-shak kharah ddmi hai. 
(b) Wuh kisi fadar gusfdkh hat\ {c) Hisdb kl bahi 
us chaukond (or chau khuii) mez par rakh-do. 

B. (aj Ja<//* tcCi hay^ tabe (or idih^'le) bastzhik-i se bhdri 
bad (or m^indz. or kh&rap) lok, (b) Se ektu as2ibhj'2L 
rakz,mer or Loktd ektu rukkho: gochher. (c) At 
chauko tj^biler opzr hiseber khdid gulo rdkhz, (or rekhe 

19. (a) Send me one dozen coats on approval. I must 

try them before I take them» I'll give you a receipt 
for them, (b) Do you want some earnest money ? 

H. (a) I^k ^darjan kof mere pds pasand ko (or ke liye) bhejo. 
Kharldne ke pahle math un ko pahan-kar dekh luhgd. 
Main un ke liye iumheh ek rastd duhgd, (b) Turn 
kuchh bay^dna chdhte ho ? 

B. (a) E^ ^dajzn kof dmdy jdhkore pdthiye dio [h. deben.] 
Kenbdr (or nobdr) age Qkbdr ogulo gdye diye dekhl^. 
Ami segulir ektd rdisid tomdke dobz, (b) Tumi ki 
kichhu bdynd chdo [h. chdn\ ? 

* Bad appearance, H. bad-^uraf, B. biirt (or bad) chekSra. Good- 
looking, H. hhub-aurat, B. suirl or sundar. 

t Round, H. & B. gol. Straight, H. sidha, B. soja. Crooked, 
H. terha or bafikS, B. banka. 


20. (a) I pay Rs. 90 on account, (b) T\\ pay in 4 monthly 

instalments.* (c) It is too late to repent now. 

H. (a) 'Ah'l'hisdb main naivwe rUpai detd hQh, (b) Main 
chdr tn&hwdr qistfih men ada kariihga. (c) Ab 
pacht&mi (or hath malna) be-kdr f hai, 

B. (a) Hiseber opar mhb^^^i iaka dichchi, (b) Ami most 

• - 

^kbdir kz're char kistiie tdkd dob^k. (c) "Ekhsin znu/dp 
kard brithd f (or michhe) or YJih^n pastdle (or 
hdi kdmrdle or pond chdprdle) dr ki habe ? 

21. (fl) I barely missed the train, {b) The result of the 

examination is not yet out. {c) Who has invented 
this instrument % ? 

H. (a) Gdrl chhutte chhutte bachl, (b) Imlihin kd natlja 
ab tak nahih ntkld, (c) Yih auzdr kis kd Ijdd hail 

B. (a) Gdrt chhdre chhdre tmz.n szmqy ami paunchhzlum or 
Ar ektu h2Lle-i ami gdrl petum nd, (b) Pdser 
. Cor parikkhdr §) khab^r {pi phal) ekhsin^L-o bersi}' ni, 
{c) E ]an/r2Jl ke dbiskdr (or bar) hzrechhen ? 

• An agreement to pay by instalment, H. qist-handi^ B. ktstibandi. 

t Lit., uselAs. 

X Chisel, H. rukhanl or ckkenlt B. batali or chheni. Hammer, 
H. hathora or kathorl, B. hatur'i. Saw, H. ara, B. karat. Saw-dust, 
H. burada or kunnl, B. karater gunro. Hatchet, H. kulkari, B. kuruh 
Mallet, H. mtigrZ, B. mugur. Jack-plane, H. randa, B. renda. File, 
H. retl, B. uko. Tongs, H. chimta or dast-panah (col. daspana), 
B. chimie. 


§ C, S., parlk^ara. The final a is not written nor pronounced. 
It is inherent in r. 


22. (a) How can I face him (i.e., Fm ashamed)? {b) She 

was eagerly expecting him {i.e.. She was looking for 
his way . 

H. (a) Main kyd muhh leke un ke samne jdfih ? (b) Wuh 

un ki rah dekh-rahi thlh. 
B. (a) Ami kon mukh ntye tahr kdchhe (or sdnine) ]dbz. ? 

or Tdhke (or Tahr kdchhe) ki ksi're mukh dekhdd^i ? 

(b) Sirilokii tahr path pane cheye chhilen. 

23* (^) This is not fast colour.* It'll not lastf long. 

{b) The collar is neither well folded nor well ironed. 

{c) Sew on the missing buttons. 
H. (a) Yih rang pakkd nahih hat. Ztydda din nahih 

rahegd (or ihahrega). (b) ^Kdlar' ki na to tah thlk 

hai na istri, (c) Jahdhjahdh hutdm nahoh tdhk do, 
B. (a) E rangtd pdkd nay. Best din thdkhe (<yc fehkbe) 

nd. (b) ^Kaldrtd' hhdh. bhdhj-o hay ni, bhdh istirJ-o 

hay ni. (c) ]ekhdne ]ekhdne botdm nei b^Lsiye (or 

tehke or seldi kdJre) ddo. 
24. (a) I feel giddy, (b) My senses were all in a whirl. 

(c) My hairs are all falling out. (d) Give me a. 
glass of lemonade with ice.f 

H. (a) Merd sir ghumtd hai or Mere sir meh chakkar hai. 
(b) Mere hosh ur-ga^e {lit. flew away), (c) Mere 
bdl gire jd rahe haih. (d) Barf de-kar mujhe ek 
gilds' mithd pdnl do. • 

B. (a) Amdr mdthd ghurche (or ialmal kz.chche). 
(b) Amdr mdthd tkebdre ghure g^h. (c) Amdr 
chulgulo sab uthe ]dchche. (d) Bard^ph diye ek 
^gelds lemoned' dmdke ddo. 

• Coloured, H. raihgin, B. rdMgln. 

t Lasting, adj., H. pa,i-dar ; B, tenk-sa,i. 

X Snow, H. barf, B. tuaar. Dew, H. os or shabnam, B. aiiir or hint. 
Hailstorm, H. ola, B. iila-brisfi. Fog,*H. kohra -or kokclsa, B. kuyasS. 


25. {a) He's a little boy indeed, but he is very intelligent*. 

{h) His house adjoins mine. * {c) The two houses 
were quite close together. There was no way of 
getting in between. 
H. (a) Hat to chhotd s& lafk&^ magar bara Husky ctr hat, 

(b) Mere ghar kt ba^kal hi men us k'a ghdr hat, 

(c) Donoh ghar ek, dusre . se mile hii^e the, . Blch se 
jane kd koji rasta na thd, 

B. (a) Eituku (or l^k phohta or E^ i-ztti) chhele bate^ 
kintu se khub buddhimdn, (b) 7Sr b&ri dmar b&rir 
gdye-i (or thik l&goya), (c) Ban duto khub ghensd- 
ghensi chhilz., Mdjhkhdn diye \dbdr kondi path chhilz. 


1. (a) What is your grandfather f ? He's a big merchant 

6f Allahabad, (b) Leave a little space in the margin. 
(c) The crow flew away with the dead mouse. 
H. (a) Tumhdre dddd % kyd kdm karte hath ? Wuh 
Ildhdbdd men bare saudd-gar (or tdjir^ pi. tujjdr) 
hath, (b) Hdshiye par thorl jagah chhor-do, 
(c) Kawwd mare hU,e chuhe ko le-kar ur-gayd, 
B. (a) Tomdr thdkuddd ki kdj karen ? Tini Eldhdbdder 
tkjzn mastz. saoddgar, (b) Dhdre (or kindrdy) khdniktd 
(or ektukhdni) jdygd rdkh^, (or chhere dad), (c) Mara 
(nenglt) ihdUrtd kdke (or kdge) niye geh. 

• Cruel, H. sang-dil or be-raf^m or PMlim (tyrant), B. ni^'kur. 

t Father's father=H. dadS; B, fhSkurdada or pitamaha. Father's 
mother=H. dadi ; B. thakurma or thakuma or pitamaht. Mother's 
father=H. nana ; B. dada-maial or matamaha. Mother's mother=H. 
nanl ; B. didifna or matSmaht, 

't DSda, nana, etc., ^re generally not inflected. 


i. (a) Go to your seat. Sit upright, {b) He can't leave 

{i.e., get up from) his bed. [c) A pin has no eye. 
(d) Thread the needle. He can't pass the string 
through the eye of the needle. 

H. (a) Apni jagah par jd^o, Stdhe haitho, (b) Wuh 
hichhaune se uth nahth sakid, (c) Alptn men chhed 
(or surdkh) nahth hotd, (d) Su^l men sut piro do, 
Wuh su,i men tdgd nahth piro saktd, 

B. (a) Apndr (or nijer) jdygdy ]do, Sojd (or khard) 
h^ye b2iS2L, (b) Tini hichhdnd thelie uthte pdren nd 
(c) Alpiner chhthdd ihdke nd, (d) Chhuhchtdy 
sUio p2iriye (or diye) ddo, Se chhuhcher pohde* 
d2Lrt t dite (or p2,rdte) pdre nd. 

3. (a) I can't unlock the iron { safe. The key keeps on 

turning (in the lock) but I can't take it out. (b) Give 
me 10 seers more of this sugarcandy packed in 
two packets. 

H. (a) Lohe ke sandUq kd tdld mujh se nahm khultd. 
Kunjl [ Hin. chdhl ] ghum raht hat magar hdhar 
nahth ntkalth (b) Is misri men se aur das ser do 
thailtyoh meh do, 

B. (a) Lohdr (or nodr) sinduktd khulte pdrchi ni, Chdhltd 

ghurche kintu hdr k?LrU pdrchi m\ (b) Ei michhrl 
dr das ser duio mord kz!re ddo. 

— ■ ■ . .^ 

• Pond or poflga, lit., the posteriors. 

t Lit.f rope. Mark the idiom. 

t Steel, H, faulnd or ispat ', B. tspnt. _ 


4. (a) How malny inches are there in a foot ? (b) ¥fy 

your kite.* . (c) Give (me) a medium sized one. 
(d) Don't keep your mouth wide open, {e) ' France 
remained neutral. 

H. (a) ULai inch kd ek fut hotd hai ? (b) Apnt patang 
urd,o. (c) Mahjhold do, (d) Apnd munh ' khuld 
mat rakkho, (e) Fardns ne km kl jdnih-ddri nahth 

B. (a) Kata ifichite Qk phut hay ? or E/& phute ka' ttlchi? 
(b) Tomdr ghuri ur2iO. (c) Mdjhdrl 'sdif (or 
rak^mtd) ddo, (d) Han kdJre theko nd. (e) Phardsird 
konsL p2kkkhe-i thdke ni or Phar&sigan uddstn chhih, 

■ * 

5. (a) He has scratched my forehead with his nails f. 

(3) Don't scratch your body in that way^. (r), Scratch 
put the last letter of this word, (d) Who has 
marked { my book ? 

H. (a) Us ne ndkhun se men peshdnl par khardsh lagd 
diyd, (b) Apnd badan ts tarah na khujd,o, (c) Is 
lafi. ( pi. alfd:z, ) kd dk]Ur harf urd (or 
chhlT) do, (d) Men kitdb par kts ne nishdn de-diye 
haih ? • 

B. (a) Se n?ikh dtye dmdr kapdl dhchriye diyechhe, (b) O 
rakz.m k^Jre gd chulkio nd. (c) E kathdr ses 
2ikkh2Lrtd § chehche ph^h (or ^kkhd^rid kete ddo), 
(d) Amdr ba'ye ddg (or dnchzr) kdtje ke ? 

• Kite (bird)=rAI/ both in H. & B. 

t Nail (of iron), H. preg or kahtl ; B. perek. 

X Mark (in an exam.), H. 'nambar' ; B. 'nambar.* 

§ C. S., akqara. 


6. (a). This rose is the best of the three. Just smell it. 

(b) Pour some water from the tea-pot. 

H. (a) Vih gulab kd phul tlnoh men achchha hat, 
Zard sUhghiye to (or nc^. (b) Chdy-ddnt se ihord 
pdni gird (or dhalkd) do. 
B. (a) Ttnti goldp phultr nmdhye eitl-i sab chtyt bhal^. 
'Ekbdr sUhke dekhun nd. (b) Chd-ddni theke khdniktd 
jal phele ddo {or... jal dhele phel2i.) 

7. {a) As * he is out of practice, he can't type * fast. 

{b) A student of thie i st class was bitten by a 
poisonous snake. 

H. (a) Chuh'ki mashq kam ho ga,i hat is liye wuh tez ^(d,ip^ 
nahth kar saktd, (b) Awwal jamd'at ke ek tdlib-i 
Him ko ek zahrlle sdhp ne kdUliyd, 

B. (a) Tdhr anek din 2ibhyds (or raph.) nei bzHe (or kind tdi} 
. tdrdtdri chkdpte (or ^tdif kz! rte^ pdren nd. (b) Pr2Lihz.m 
sremr ekti chhdtrzJie bisdkiz, sdpe kdmriyechhth, 

8. {a) I bet 5 Rs. He'll surely win. {b) The load i» 

lop-sided, {c) I'm dissatisfied with you. {d) Fie, 
what's that ? {e) If you don't pity me, who will ? 
{/) It's a great pity that I could not save him. 

H. (a) Main ne pdhch rUpai lagd,e, Wuh zarur jitegd, 
{^) Bojh ek'tar/a ho-gayd, (c) Main turn se nd- 
khush (or nd-rdz) hiih. (d) Taubay yih kyd ? (e) 
Agar mujh par dp rahm na karehge to kaun karegd ? 
or Agar mujh par dp tar as na khd^ehge to kaun 
khd,egd ? (f) A/sos (hai ki) main us ko bachd na sakd. 

B. (a) Ami pdhch tdkd hdji rdkhchi. Se nischay-i jitbe, 
(b) Bojhdtd ^kpese ksJye g^chhe, (c) Tomdr op^r 
ami bir2i.kt?L (or asantustsi ; bejdr) hd.yechhi» (d) Chhi 
chhiy ki ? (e) Apni nd dayd kzrle dr ke kzrbe ? 
(f) Barz.'i dukkher f bisay \e take bdhchdte pdrlum nd, 

* Spin, H. isUi) kntnn ; B. (suto) klltni Weave {also knit), H. 
hunnU ; B. bonit. 

t C. S., duJ}kha^=sorroyf. Happiness=fM/(A. 



9. (a) I . congratulate you with all my heart, (d) This is 

beyond human comprehension, {c) 1 shalln't forget 
your kindness while I live. 

H. (a) Ham tah-i Ml se ap ko mubarak-had dete haih. 
(b) Yih insanl khaydl (or 'aql') se bdhar hat. (c) Main 
tamdm 'umr dp ki mihrbani nahth bhulQhgd. 

B. (a) Ami dpandr szhit dnfahrik dnand2L przkds k^ri. 
(b) Ihd mdnab'buddhtr agamya, (c) Jl jibane (or 
Jfl/a din bdnchbd) dpandr dayd (or znugi2ih2^) bhullf2i 

10. {a) I kept on calling but no one responded, {b) It is 

not yet time to go to school, {c) I'm quite at your 
service. (d?j That's what I want. 

H. (a) Ham chilldie rah-ga.e magar kisi ne sund nahih (or 
kisi ne jawdb nahih diyd), (b) Abhl to iskul^ jdne kd 
waqt nahih hu^d hai. (c) Ham dp ki khidmat ke 
liye iayydr (or hdzir) haih, (d) Yiht to ham chdhte 

B. (a) Ami ddkte Idglum kintu keu sdrd dile nd or 
Ami deke deke kd'r-o sdrd peldm nd, (b) Iskule f 
\dbdr ekh2LnQ,'0 sz-may hay ni, (c) Apni \d b^^lben 
ami td*i kdirte prd^stut. (d) Tdi /a ami chdi or Ami 
t2L ai chdi. 

* An English school ; in the Panjab sakul. Madrasa — a Muham- 
medan school. 

t An English school. PdthM^tS, an elementary school of the pre> 
mitive type under the teaching of a guru (Hindu teacher). University — 
"viiva-vidydlaya . 


11. (a) My master is very strict, (d) Misers * are never 

happy, (c) Give me a handful of chillies f. (d) Put 
a handle in that spade. 

H. (a) Mere dqd (or murahht) bare kare adml haih, 
(b) Bakhll (or kanjus) ko kiiushi kahdh % ? (c) Mujhe 
jnutthi'bhar Idl fuircheh do, (d) Kudali men bent 
(or das to) laga^o, 

B. (a) Amar m'^nib bhari kara, (b) Kripzn lok kakh2Ln2i-o 
sukhl hay nd, (c) Amdke ek muto laHkd ddo, 
(d) Koddl khdndy ektd bdht (or hdiol) par do 'ox 

12. (^) 1 know sculptor's § work, {b) How often shall I 

do so } (c) The more I pay him the less he works. 

H. (a) Mujhe sahg-tardshi all hai. (b) Kttni bar aisd 
karuh ? (c) Use jitnl ztydda mazduri detd huh utnd 
hi wuh kam kdm kartd hai, 

B. (a) Ami bhdskarer (or pdthdj- khoddyer) kdj jdni, 
(b) Kat2ibdr em2in k&rbsi ? (c) Ami tdke j j/a-i' tdkd 
di tat2L't se kdj kam kare, 

• Avaricious, H. lalchl or haria ; B. lobhl. Avarice, H. lalach or 
^tVf, B. lobh. Selfish, H. hhud-^araq or J^arai^l or hhud-matlab ; B. 

t Pepper, H. gol tnirch ; B. gol marich. Ginger, H. adrak ; B. TldH. 
Ginger (dried), H. sohih\ B. suht. Garlic, H. lahsan ; B. raisun. Onion, 
H. PyTlz ]B. pehj. Turmeric, H./jaWi ; B. haJud. Cinnamon, H. dSr- 
chlnl ; B. dUlckini, Camphor, H. kUfur \ B. khrput* Cardamoms, 
H. ittlychi ; B. elTlch. Clove, H. lawhg] B. labaMga, Spice, H. maaHlik 
or masdtH ; ^. maslH. 

J Vide note t on page 176. 

§ Blacksmith, H. lohar ; B. kamar. Goldsmith, H. sonar ; B. sekra. 


1 3- W The sooner the better, (b) So much the better^ 

we will fight in the shade, (c) Take as many as 
you like, {d) Bring as much as you can. (e) This 
is not to my liking. 

H. iz) Jakah tak.jald ho hihtar hai. (b) To phir kya 
bat haij ham chha^oh men larehge, (c) Jitne chdha 
le-lo, (d) yUnd ho sake le-d.o. (e) Yih mujh ko 
pasand nakih* 

B. (a) Ja/a sighr?^ hay iat^-i bh&h, (b) Bh&l^-t t^ (or 
hdyeche), dmard chhdydy {ddhriye) ]uddhz. >^ar3a. 
(c) Ja/a gulo (or guno) ichchhe ndo (or lao). (d) Ja/a. 
/5ra niye esz, (e) JF dPidr pachh^Ludz. sz'i nay, 

1 4, (a) Almost all these boots are made to order, {b) This 

pair hurts my toes, {c) It'll stretch in wearing. 
H. (a) Qarib qarlb sab 'buf /armd^tshi hain. (b) Fih 

jord panja dabdtd hat, (c) Pahinte pahinte dhllct 

ho jdjegd. 
B. (a) E ^buf juto gulo prdy sab-i pharmdsi. (b) E jordict 

dmdr dfigule Idge, (c) PdJrte pdJrte pdye bzse ]dbe. 

15. (a) My foot must be easy in them, (b) This is too- 

narrow at the heel, (c) My shoes must have a 

broad toe. I have corns. 
H. (a) yate men pd.on ka drdm milnd chdhiye, (b) Ytk 

eri se tang hat, (c) Mere juti^h kd panja chaurd 

hond chdhiye. Mere pair meh gnatte hain. 
B. (a) Juto pz!re pd bes drdme thdkd chdi, (b) Etdr 

gordll baddz. s2Lru (or chhuhch /5«a=like needle). 

(c) Amd,r jutor • mukh chaord (or chetdlz.) haqyd 

chdi, Amdr pdye hard dchhe, 

• Hat, hailh, etc., are generally omitted in negative present, but not 
in affirmative. 


16. (a) This watch stops from time to time, (fi) It 

dropped on the ground, (c) Fit a glass.* Also see 
what is needful to it and do it. {d) Sometimes it 
gains and sometimes loses. 

H, (a) Fih ghari chalte chalte hand ho-jdyd karti hat, 
(b) Fih {ghari) zamin par gxr-ga,i thi. (c) Is men 
shlsha laga dena. Aur jts jis chiz ki zurUrat ho 
lagd'dend. (d) Kahhl wuh tez chaltt hai aur kdbhl 

B. (a) E ii^hk) gh2iritd theke theke handh^, h^yt \dy. 
(b) Eta mdtiie pdJre gechhlz,. (c) "Ekkhdnd kdhch 
Idgiye (or bdiStye) dio. Ar ]d ]d darkdr s^m2iS/B. 
dekhe sune sere dio. (d i Gh2Lri(d kakhsLns, bd ^phdsf 
iqy kakhsLHdL bd ^slo' ]dy. 

17. {a) Give me some small change, {b) I'm dying of 

thirst, (c) 'Bring us 2 cups of coffee, {d) With or 
without sugar ? 

H. (a) Mujhe kuchh rezgi (or rezgdrt) do, (b) Maihpyds 
se martd hUh,, (c) Do piydli kdfl (or qahwa) idyO. 
(d) Chini (or shakar) de-kar^yd sddi (or soda if qahwa 
is used) } 

B. (a) Amdke kichhu rejkl ddo, (b) Testdy f (or ptpdsdy) 
ami m2dum or Pipdsdy dmdr prdn \dy or Testdy dmdr 
chhdtl phete gth (iit,= my chest is about to burst of 
thirst), (c) Amdder du peydld (or baii) kdphl ene ddo, 
(d) Chini deoyd (or diye), nd sudhu I 

* Mirror, H. Ufina ; B. Hyna or arBi, Mercury (metal),, H & B. para^ 
T^etal, H. dhat, B. dhatu. 
t Prop. tr,t»nay. 


18; (a) The water is too hot ; add cold to it. {b) Isly 

hair is hard. Wet it well. Use plenty of soap. 
{c) Trim my moustache, id) Your scFssors do not 

H. (a) Pdni hahut garni kai ; thord tha?idd pant mild- 

' do, (b) Alere hdl sakht (or hare) haih, Achchhl 

tflrah bhigd'lo. KhUb sdbun lagd.o, (c) Munchheh 

chhahto, (d) Tumhdrl qaihchi tez nahth hat or 

Tumhdri qaihchi nahth chalii. 

B. (a) Jaltd barz, gar^m (or tapt^ \ ektu thdndd jal mesdo^ 
(or mtsiye ndo). (b) Amdr chul hard, Bhdl2i 
k2Jre bhejdo (or bhijiye nd'o),- Best kdi're sdbdn ddo, 
(c) Gohptd chhehte ddo. (d) Tofndr kahrhite bhdl2L 
dhdr nei (///.= not sharp enough). 

19. {a) We are tired ; we'll now take a little rest.* (by 

Walk the horses up and down, so that they (sweat) 
may dry, and then water them. (c) You can't 
reach there by day-light. 

H. (a) Ham thak ga,e hath ; ab kuchh drdm karehge 

(or kuchh dam iehge=tQ.kQ breath). (b) Gheroh 

ko tahldyO, td'ki pasind sUkh jd,e^ us ke ba^d pdni 

• dikhldjO (or piidyO). (c) Din rahte' turn wahdh nahth 

pahuhch sakU, 

B. (a) Amrd kIdn/SL h2!ye p^ichi ; eibdr ektu jir2Lb2L (or 
bisrdm ksirbo, or hdhp chhdrbB.), (b) Ghofd-guloke 
ektu edik odik beriye ?iiye m, td'hdJle tdder ghdmtd 
m2Lre dsbe, takhzn jal khete dio, (c) Din (or btld) 
thdkte thdkte sethd pauhchhzte pdrbe nd or Dine 
dine sethd, ', ^ 

* Restless, H. he-chain ; B. chauchal or asthir. 


20. (a) Wind up this clock once a week.* (b) He has 

wound up the hide business, (c) The ham is over- 

H. (a) Hafte men ek bar is ghari ko kuko (or, Behar idiom, 
is ghari men kunjl do), (b) Us ne charse kd kdr-o- 
bar uthd-diyd. (c) Su^ar kd gosht ziydda (or bahut 
hi) gal gay a hat. 

B. (a) Hapfdy ekbdr k^'re gh2irltdy dam deben, (b) Ttni 
chdmrdr kdrbdr tule diyechhen, (c) Sudrer mdng- 
ssitd baddB, gdJle (or sedd2i hdJye) gtche. 

21. . (a) Never keep any food uncovered. (^) This jar/ J 

is of Dacca make, {c) Eat only, the inside (meat) 
of this fruit and throw away the seed and skin. 
{d) One side of these scales § is heavy. 

H. (a) Khdne ki chiz kabhi khuli na rakkho, (b) Vth 
sari JDhdke ki bani hu^i hat, (c) Is phal kd sir/ 
gudd khd.o aur guthli aur chhilkd phehk-do, (d) 
Tardzil kd ek palla bhdri hai. 

B.*(a) Kondi khdbdr jinis kakh^inSL-o ddhdkd (or ddur or 
dlgd) rekho nd. (b) Ekhdni Dhdkdi sdri. (c) E phaler 
khdfi sdhsid khdbe, dhti khosd phele debe, (d) E 
pdlldtdy pdsdn 1| dchhe. 

• Once upon a time, H. kisl zamane men ; B. ekada or kondi ek 

t Raw, H. kachchm ; B. kancha, 

i Cloth worn by married Indian women. Widow, H. bewa or rdfid ; 
B. bidhaba or rand, A married woman, H. suhagan ; B. sadhaba. Vn- 
married girl, H. *«?iw5rZ ; B. kumart, 

i Small scales, H. paryani ; B. nikti, 

li Also means 'stone'. Cf. Lok^a ki pa^an^ what a heartless man he is. 


23. (a) Without bargaining, the price of the whole piece 

of this broad-cloth is Rs. 13. (^) I'll give 8 annas 
profit on your cost price *. (c) No, sir, that will not 
pay me. 

H. (a) Moi Ul (or moid,i ) na kijtyi to is bdndt ke pure 
tukre ka ddm terah rupiya hai, (b) Math tumheh 
lagat par ath dne nafa' duhgd^ (c) Nahlh. jandb^ 
itnt se merd pet nahih bharegd {^Iti.y won't fill my 

B. (a> Dar dzstur chhere diye e handter puro thdntd t^r^ 
tdkd p2ifbe, (b) Tomdr kendr (or kend ddmer) op^r 
. at and Idhh dobz., (c) Nd, msisdi, ote dmdr posdbe nd^ 

23. {a) Don't praise me in my presence, {b) I'll tell you 

privately, {c) Roll up the carpet, (d) Make room 
for him to pass. 

H. (a) Mere muhh par met\ ta^rif na kijiye, (b) Main 
dp se poshida kahiihgd. (c) Dart (or shafranji f ) 
lapet'do. (d) Un ko jane kd rasta do or Un ke jdne 
kd rasta chhoro. 

B. (a) Amdr sdmne Cor mukher op^r ) dmdr sukkhei % 
(or przsdLfigsd) k^Lrben nd, (b) Ami dpandke gopOMe 
bo^lboi, (c> 'Kdrpef khdnd guiiye ( or guriye ) phtl^ 
(d) Ehke {]ete) path (or rdstd) ddo. 

* Capital, H. puiiji or mul or asl ; B. muldhan or punjt or 5sa/. 
Partner, H. sharik or (it^^a-dar ; B. dingiidar or bk&gidSr. Capital (town) 
H. dar-us-saltanat or dar-ul-hhilafat ; B. rajdhant, 

t From shatranj — chess ; B. daba. 

X Prop, sukkyati, opposite of akhyUti. 


24. (a) Don't trifle with me. Do you know who lam? 

Will you conform to the rules or not ? (b) This 
rule is not applicable in this case, (c) This would 
bring many to their senses. 

H. (a) Mujh se chaldki na karo, Tumheh ma^lum hat ki 

math kaun huh ? Turn qa^ide ki p&handi karoge yd 

nahth ? (b) Yahdh yih qd^ida''^ nahih chalegd, 

(c) Is se bahuloh ke hosh durust ho-jd^ehge, 

B. (a) Anidr sange chaldki nay (or Xa'ra nd). Ami ke 
idjdnz.} Tumi niyz-m mdnbe ki nd-?- {h^ JSk&Sne 
e niyz.m khate nd, (c) I^te aneker dkkel habe or E 
iheke aneke dkkel pdbe. 

25. {a) The minister's wife is older than I. (^) He is weak 

in conversation, (r) Who has sent this present } 

(d) The sweeper and the water-man both come 
from the same district. (^) This photograph has 
been nicely framed, {f) Make a list of all the 
books that are to be bound. 

H. (a) Wazlr sdhib ki bthl mujh :€ barl hath, (b) Bdt-chlt 
(or guft'O'gu or boUchdl) men wuh kham (or 
kam-zor) hai. (c) Yih nazr (gift to superiors) kis ne 
bheji hai or Fih tuhfa (gift to equals c^r inferiors) 
kis ne bhejd hai, (d) Mihiar t (or bhangt ; khdkrob ; 
haldl'khpr ; Idl-begl ; musalli) aur bhishli donoh ek hi 
zila* J se dye haih. (e) Is foto men chaukhid (or ^/rem*) 
bahut achchhd lagdyd gayd hai, (f) Un sab kitdboh 
ki ek fihrist tayydr karojin ki jild bandhwdni hai, 

B. (a) Mdintrir stri dmdr cheye barz, (b) Kathd 
bdrttdy tini kdhchd, (c) E upd^hdr (or saogdd ; 
naj2^r ; ddh) ke pdthiyeche ? (d) Jhdruddr (or 
fne/2Lr) dr bhisti duj^ne-i ek jeldr lok, (e) Phato- 
khdni bere (or sunddir) bdhihdns, hayeche, (f) J^ H 
b^iigulo bdhdhdte habe tar ektd phardz. kara., 

* Qawa'id, parade. f Lit, a chief. 

t C. S., qir ; pi. fff/5'. 



I. (a) Where does this road lead to ? (b) Are there any 

fords or ferries on this river ? (c) Who is in charge 
of this fort ? (d) Get me a guide *. {e) Who told 
you to do this ? (/) How many days' rations, 
have you got left ? (g) How many casualties have 
you had ? 

H. (a) yih rasta kis t<irafjdtd hai ? or Yih vast a kidhar 
ko gayd hen ? (b) Is darjd men ko^t pdydh yd 
guzdre kt sUrat hhl hai ? (c) QiVa-ddr kaun hai ? 
or Yih qil'a kis ke hath (or qabze\) men hai ? (d) 
Mere pas ek rahbar [ or rah dikhdne (or batdneywdla\ 
buld-ld^o, (e) Kis ne turn ko yih ham karne kahd ? 

(f) Kai din kl rasad tumhdre pas rah-ga^l hai ?• 

(g) Tumhdre kitne log mare ga^e {haih) ? 

B. (a) E rds'd koihdy gechhe or Eta kothdkdr rdstd ? 
(b) E nadir kothd-o ki hetUe pdr haoyd ]dy ba 
kheydr bandobast2L dchhe ? (c) E kelld ( or durga ; 
gar ) kdr tdhbe ? (d) Amdke Qkj2in dekhdbdr 
sondbdr lok din, (e) Tomdke ke e kgi'r/t b2ilechhil2L ? 

(f) Ar kadinkdr ras2Ld ( or khordk ) dchhe ? 

(g) Tomdder kafz. lok mdrd gtchhe ? 

. * Spy, H. jasus or go,inda ; B. guptdi char or sandhdni lok or 
goyenda. A. D. C, H. muqafiib {lit, a companion to a great person) ; 
B. musaheb. Army, H.fauJ or lashkar ; B.fauj or sen3. Commander-in- 
Chief, H. sipah-salar ; B. senapditi. Mutineer, H. baghi ; B. bidrokl^ 
Murderer, H. ^Ufii^ov qatil ; B. khunl or hatyakarl. . 
t Hinge, H. qabi^a ; B. kabja. 


2. (a) I'm very much obliged to you. {b) I thank you 

on his behalf, (c) Mind you come early to-morrow. 
(d) I was obliged to do it. 

H. (a) Mam ap kd hahut mamnun huh. (b) Main un ki 
tar a/ se dp kd shukriya add kartd huh. (c) Dekho 
kal sawere and. (d) Maih aisd karne par majbur^ 

B. (a) Ami har2^-v bddhit hd^lum (or hdildm). (b) Tdhr 
h2iye dmi dp^ndke dh2,ny2ibdd dichchi, (c) Mine, rekho 
kdl sakdl sakdl dste habe or Dekho kdl je«a sakdl 
sakdl eso. (d) Ami ihd k2irite bddhydi hdiyiydchhildm. 

3. (a) This is against the law.* You are wrong in 

arresting him. {b) About 80 men work under this, 
contractor.! (c) Half the men have struck work. 


H. (a) Yih qdnun ke khildf hat. Un ko giriftdr (or 
na^ar band) karne men dp ne be-zdbtflgl ki hai. 
(b) IToji assi ddml is thekd-ddr ke niche kdm karte 
haih. (c) Adhe logon ne hartdl kar-di hai. 

B. (a) Ihd din-biruddhz. or Eta be-dini kdj\ Tdhke 
dhard (or greptdr kard) dpndr anydy h2i,yeche. {b) 
Ei thikeddrer tdhbe prdy asijd^n lok khdte. (c) Addek 
(prop, arddhekj lok dharmmdighat kz.reche. 

• Lavysuit; H. tnuqaddama ; B. makaddama. 
t Treasurer, H. khazanchl ; B. khajaficht. 


4. (a) -Bhis will answer my purpose for the present. 

(d) He is always on my tracks: (c) Turn your back 
to him. {d) Now it is your turn. 

H. (a) Adki (or hilfi'l) is se mera kam chalegd. (b) Wuk 
mtre pichhe para hai, (c) Us se muhh mor (or pher) 
lo, (d) Ah tumharl harl (or nauhaf) hai, 

B, (a) ApataizJi (or Qkh2Lnkar »ia/a») eU-i dmdr kdj ch2ilb€. 
(b) Se dmdr pechhute (or pechh2^ne, or, v., pohde) 
lege-i dchhe, (c) Or dike pichhzn phero or Or dik 
theke mukh ghuriye ndo, (d) £iddr tomdr paid, 

5. (a) I like Simla better than Darjeeling. {h) It is 

difficult to get pure • ghi (clarified butter) now a 

days, {c) Have you cashed the note ? 
H. (a) Mujhe DJrjlling se Shimla ziydda pasand hai. 

(b) In dinoh khalis ghi tnilnd mushkil hai. (c) Not 

turn ne tordyd (or bhundyd) hai ? 
B. {2i) Ddrji linger cheye Simle dmdr bhdla, Idge, (b) Aj 

kdl khdhti ghi pdoyd n^uskil (or dhdr ; ksJhin), (c) 

Notkhdni ki hhdngiyech^L, ? 
6.% (a) The arrangements were all that could be desired. 

(3) In Calcutta letters are delivered every hour. 

The English mail usually arrives on Sunday and 

leaves on Thursday. 
H. (a) Intiidm har tarah se ma^qHl thd, (b) Kalkatte 

men chitthiydh ghante ghante hahtti hath, Wildyat 

ki ddk, ^umuman Itwd^ ko dyd karti hai aur Juma^rdt 

ko jdyd karti hai, 
B. (a) Ayojaner (or 2inusthdner) kichhu truti hay ni. (b) 

K2ilkdtdy ghantdy ghantdy chiti bill hay, Bildti ddk 

sachz. rdchz.r rzbibdre dse dr BespSitibdref chhdfe, 

^ * Adulterated, H. khot milaya hu,a ; B. bhej'al deoyU. 

t Prop, brihaspatibar : it is popularly called lakkhibar (c.s., lak^ml- 
dr : from lak^mtf the goddess of wealth). 


7. (/i) How much subscription has been raised ? (b) He 

used to subscribe to this weekly paper * before, 
(r) I was utterly disappointed, (d) Please don't 
disappoint me again and again, (e) He has gone 
to the dogs. (/) The leaf turned red in no time. 

H. (a) Chande se kitna ' rUpiya dya (or jatri'a^ hu,d) ?' (b) 
Wuh is hafta-wdr a^hbdr ko pahle mangdte the. 
(c) Ham to bilkull nd-ummid ho-ga^e, (d) Mihrhdnl 
karke hameh yun bdr bdr nirds (or be-ots) na kijiye, (e) 
Us ne apne ko tabdh [Hin. satydnds^ kar-ddld. (f) 
Patta dekhte hi dekhte Idl ho gayd. 

B. (a) ICat2i chdhdd utheche (or told h^yeche) ? (b) Tini 
ei sdptdhik pd^trikd khdni dge niten. (c) Ami 
nitdntz. hatds h2yechhilum, (d) Bdr bdr dmdke dr 
nirds kzrben nd, Ce) aS*^ adhzhpate (or golldy ; 
uchchh?i.nnd) gtchhe, (f) Dekhte dekhte pdtdtd Idl (or 
rdngd) hdJye geh, 

8. (a) He is building castles in the air. (b) It is best to 

be frank, is it not ? (c) Never leave your work 

H. (a) Wuh khaydli puld,o pakdtd hai {lit,, he is cooking 
imaginary pilav). (b) Sd/ go\t (or Sdf sdf bolnd) 
bahut hi achchhi bdt hai^ kyuh ? (c) Kisi kdm ko 
kabhi adhurd na chhoro. 


B. (a) Se chhehrd cheidy su'ye lakh tdkdr sap2^n dekhche 
{lit,, he is dreaming to be a millionaire while lying 
on a rotten mat), (b) Spast?i kathd-i bhdh, ktmz,n, 
nd ? (c) Kom, kdj kakh2Lndi-o adhd khtchrd kz*re 
rekho nd. 

♦ Quire (24 sheets), H. dasta ; B. diste (p. dista). 


9. '{a) If you do it, well and goed ; if not, no matter. 

(b) Hear me or not, it doesn't matter. ' You'll feel 

the consequence later on. 
H. (a) Agar atsd karo to achchha hai, nahth to na sakL 

(b) Khair, me^ bat suno yd na suno. Is kd natlja 

plchhe inaHum hogd. 
B. (a) Kar2L bhdl2i-i^ nd kan^ net fiei. (b) Amdr hatha son2i 

dr nei sonsiy dmdr kaldti (or bz've gei^i). Pare er 

phdl bhog k2irbe or Pare ter pdbe. 

10. (a) The coal market rose very high after the flood.* 

Thank God we had stocked coal beforehand, {b) 
My foot has gone to sleep, ic) A lovely child ! has 
she cut her teeth } (d) He is the only son of his 
H. (a) Saildb ke ba^d ko,eld dg ke mol bikne tagd, Khudd 
ko achchhd karnd thd hi ham logon ne pahle (or dge^ 
hi se jama^ kar rakhd thd. (b) Mere pair men 
jhinjhinl hat, (c) Wdh ! kyd pydrl larkl hat ! 
abhl ddht nikle hath ki nahth ? (d) Wuh apne bdp 
kd iklautd betd hai, 
B. (a) B^nydr f par kayldr bdjdr dgun {lit, fire) 
. uihechhilz. (or gechhli), Bhdgyts f (lit, luckily) dmrd 
dgdm (or dge thdkte) kine rekhichilum or Amdder 
.^ge (or din thdkte) kend chhilz td^t r2ikkhe,X (b) Amdr 
pdye jhinjhini dh2ireche, (c) Dibyi^ meyett ! er ddht 
utheche (or phuteche or beriyeche) ki ? (d) Tini tdhr 
pitdr Qkmdtrz, puttr2i ox Se tdr bdper ek chhele or Se 
tdr bdper sabe dh'^n ntlm^t. 

• Earthquake, H.. hhuh-chal ; B. bhumi-kamp^. Eclipse, H. gahan ; 
B. gerdiii (prop, grahan). Full moon ; H. badr, B. purnimZ, New 
moon, H. hilal : B. atnabasyS, 

t Pronounced baiftner, bhSggis, dibbi, vide last note on p. 66. 
X Prop., rakqU. 


J I . (a) Who ean say what else will happen as the days pass 

away ? {d) There is only a slight difference in these 
two handwritings, (c) He remains dead drunk day 
and night, (d) Is this horse broken to a carriage ? 
(e) Which is the shortest road to the arsenal ? 
H. (a) H^aun kah sakta hat ki faise din guzarte jate hath 
kya kya wdqi'di pesh d.ehge ? (b) In donoh likha.l 
men unnis- bis ka farq hai. (c) Wuh din rat nashe 
men chur (or hani) rahta hai. (d) Kya yih ghora 
garl men lagdyd hu^d hai ? (e) Sildh-khana jdne 
kd sab se chhotd rasia kaun hai ? 
E. (a) Din din dr-o ki habe (or gh^Jbe he b^^lte pare ? 

(b) E dutt hdter lekhdy ilnis bis (or kuri) taphdt. 

(c) Tini ch^ibbis ghantd (or Tini as(2i pr2ih2Lr*) made 
chuchchure hinye thdken, (d) E ghordtd ki gdrite 
^brek' kard ? (e) Sele-khdnd \dbdr sab cheye sojd path 
konid ? or Kon rdstd diye gele sele-khdnd siggir 
\doyd \dy ? 

12. (a) No sooner did he see me behind the parda, than 

he lost his head, (b) I'm sorry I can't comply with 
your request, (c) There is no place where you 
can't go. (d) I'm in the greatest trouble. 

H. (a) Hameh parde ke pichhe dekhte hi wuh ghabrd gayd, 

(b) Hameh afsos hai ki ham dp ki bdt ndhih sun 

sakte, (c) Aisi ko^i jagah nahtn jahdh tumhdrd 

qadam na pahuhchtd ho or Turn to har-jd^i ma^lUm 

hote ho. (d) Ham dj kal bahut musibat men hath. 

B. (a) Amdke parddr drdle (or pechh^ne) dekhe-i se 

that2,mat2i. kheye gels., (b) Apndr Sinurodh (or kathd) 

rdkhte pdllum nd bzHe barsL-i duhkhitz. h3.ium, (c) 

'Emznjdygd net' ykhdne tumi nd \etie pdr2L or Tomdr 

agzmysL sthdn-i (or fhdhi) nei. (d) Ami ]dr par ndi 

kaste pAfechi or Ami barsL-i bi^suie fiairechi. 

* Lit, 8 divisions of the day. One prakar=2 hours (of day or ni^ht). 


13- (^) Go one by one. Come two by two. (3) Add up- 

these, (c) My eye sight is defective. I see dimly ^ 

(d) Apples* sell here at 2 as. each, (e) Was he then 
awake or asleep ? 

H. (a) jE^k ek karke jd,o. Do do karke d,o, (b) In ko joro. 
(c) Hamari ahkk kkcudb hat. Hameh dhundhlor 
nia^lUm hotd hat. (d) ^eb yahah do do dne biktd hai^ 

(e) Us wdqt wuh sotd (or kfmdb men) thd,yd jdgtct 
(or beddr) thd ? 

B. (a) E^^ ^ke \do. ^Duj^lu k^Cre es2L, (b) Egulo thik (or 
\og) ddo. (c) Amdr chokher dos dchhe. Ami jhdpsct 
jhdpsd dekhf, (d) Ekhdne e/^2ifd dpel du and kdJre 
bikkirt hay. (e) Tini takhz.n §humiyechhilen, nd 
jegechhilen ? 

14. (a) The tour dates have not yet been fixed, (b) I've 

a lot of work to do (///. I've no time to scratch my 
head). I've little time for merry-makingf (c) You've 
taken a lot of trouble, (d) I hung down my head 
through shame. J {e) He removed from here a little 
over a year ago. 

H. (a) Daure (or safar) kl tdrtkh abhl muqarrar nahlh 
hu,i hai. (b) Hameh sir khujdne ki fursat nahlh. 
Khel'tamdshe kl chhutti kahdh ? (c) Af> ne bari 
taklif uthdyi. (d) Sharm se main ne sir (or sar) 
jhukd-liyd. (e) Ek sdi se kuchh ziydda hotd hai ki 
wuh y a hah se uth-ga^e (pi. for respect). 

B. (a) Saph^re^ \dbdr din e^)^a«a-<? dhdr^-^^. (or thik)^ hay 
ndi. QS) Amdr mdthd chulkdibdr ab2Lkds nei. Amod 
karbdr sQ.may kothd ? or Amod k2Lri kakh2Ln .^ . 
(c) Apni anek kasf2L k2ifechen or Apndr baddz. kast2L 
hdyeche. (d) Lajjdy ami mdthd heht k^Jre rdJilum. 
(e) Ey& bachdirer kichhu best hdJlz, tini ekhdn theke 
uthe g^chen. 

•.Custard-apple, H. shaft fa or stia-phal ; B. 5/5. Cocoanut (gen.) 
H. nariyal ; B. nar'kel :-^ripe), H, khopra ; B. jkuno : — (unripe), 
H. dab ; B. ifab. Date, H. Mkajtir Or hkurma ; B. kkej'ur. 
Tamarind, H. imli ; B. tentul. Almond, H. & B. badSm. Pomegranate^. 
H. anar ; B. darim or ddlim. Watermelon, H. iarbust, B. tairmuj\y 
Musk-melon, H. l^arbuza ; B. kkarmuj. 

t Note how the negative idea is expressed by a query. 

i Shameless, H. be-skarm or be-1^aya ; B. nirlajja or behaya. 




r5. (a) He is a disgrace to' his family. He is quite il- 

literate. \b) Stop your -joking. Don't talk so big. 
{c) I feel rather dull, {d) He appeared at the 
eleventh hour. 

H. (a) Wuh nang'i kMndan hai or Wuh khlndan ka nam 
duFone-wdld hai, Wuh bilkull jahil (or unparh) 
hai, (b) Apnd mazdq (pv Apnt dil-lagt) rahne-do. 
Itni bart bat muhh se na nikdlo, (t)TabVat udds 
si ma'lum hott hai. (d) Wuh akhir waqt men 

B. (a) Se kuler kalznkdi or Se bangser nam duhiyeche. 
Se dkdt mukkhu (prop. mUrkha), (b) Tomdr thdttd 
(Or tdmdsd ; rafigz) rd;kh2i, Atz, lambd chaord kathd 
b^'l2k nd or At2L Idkh p2ihchise k^iro nd. (c) Amdr 
sarirtd]tn2imydjmydj k2i.rche. (d) Se sire sangkrdn/i* 
kdJre eh, 

1 6. (a) It is all the worse for him. (Jb) Where do you 

intend to . spend the Christmas holidays ? {c) For 
Heaven's f sake, don't talk so. {d) Every one tries 
to feather his own nest. 

H. (a) Yih to us ke wdstj aur bhl burd hai, (b) Kishmish 
(or Bare din) kl chhuttl men dp kahdh rahehge ? 
(c) Lilldh (or Khudd ke Itye) aisl bdt muhh se na 
nikdliye, (d) Apnl khair sabhi mandte hath, 

B. (a) Bte tdr dr-o khdrdp-i habe^ (b) Barz.diner chhutUe 
kothdy ]dben (px,,,chhutiid kothdy katdben) m^ne- 
kz,rchen ? (c) Dohdi dharmm^i, am2in kathd Mukhe 
dnben nd. (6) Sakz.le'i dpndr kole jhol idne. 

• Lit., the last day of a solar month. 

t Star, H. tara or sit^ra ; B. tara or ndikkh^itraL. 



17. (a) How far is the Dak Bungalow from the railwa}^ 

station ? {b) Use your own discretion, (c) Does: 
the vessel* call at Suez ? (d) Drive a nail into the- 
wall and hang up this picture.f ie) All hold him in. 
high esteem. (/) Are you gone mad ? 

H. (a) Isteshan se dak bangla kiint dur hat ? (b) Jo ap 
kl samajh men a,e kljiye, (c) Su,ez men jahaz 
thaharta hat ? (d) Dlwar men ek kil (or preg) thohk- 
kar yih taswir laikdrdo, (e) Sab log un ki bahuf 
U'zzaf karte haih, (f) Turn diwane ho-ga, e ho } , 

B. (a) IsHsdn theke ddk bangla kat2, dUr ? {h) Nijer buddhi 
khdtdo or. Apndr bibechanay yd hay id kar2i. (c> 
E jdhdj ki Suyeje dhare } (d) Deydle ekfd perek 
pu'te ei chhM kkdnd tdffgiye ddo, (e) Sakdile-i'^ 
tdnke khub sammdn kare. (f) Tumi ki khephech?i (or 
pdgd^l hz^yechdi) ? 

18. {a) Give him the least opportunity and he throws- 

dust in your eyes {b) The cat has soft hair.} {c) 
Oh how hot it is ! My whole body is being burnt. 

H. (a) Zard bhi mauqa^ turn ne us ko diyd ki wuh 
tumhdri dhkh men khak § jHohk degd, (b) Billi 
. ke bdl narm narm hole haih. (c) Hdy kyh garmf 
hai ! Merd tan hadan || jald-jdtd hai. 

B. (a) Tdke ekiu su]og diyechh2i ki 2jnni se tomdr chokhe 
dhulo diyechhe. {h)'Berdler 16m bes nar2i,m. (c) Uh 
ki garz.m ! Amdr s2Lm2iSf2i gdJQ.lche (or pure ]dchche). 

♦ Harbour, H. bandar-gah ; B. bandar. 
t Syringe, H. pichkarl ; B. pichkiri. 

% The fine hair on the body of man or bieast-'-^H. rowan or rungiU ; 
B. ronya or lorn. _ ' 

^ Lift ashes ; B. ckhai or pani. 
ll Appositive. Tan and badan both mean '.body'.